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Instruments for renewable energy development

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Hans-Josef Fell
President Energy Watch Group
Member German Parliament 1998-2013

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Instruments for renewable energy development

  1. 1. Instruments for renewable energy development Kiev 10th October 2017 Hans-Josef Fell President Energy Watch Group Member German Parliament 1998-2013
  2. 2. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Political challenges  Global warming  Peak oil, energy security  Nuclear and environmental disasters  Oil wars, poverty, economic crises All these challenges are connected with fossil and nuclear energies Renewables will solve these problems
  3. 3. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Renewables conquer Germany’s energy In the background: Nuclear power plant Grafenrheinfeld decommissioned in June 2015 In the foreground: Wind power named “Hans-Josef Fell”, PV and biogas plants, farmland
  4. 4. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Political support stimulates renewable growth 3.4 4.7 6.2 6.6 7.7 7.6 9.3 10.2 11.6 14.2 15.1 16.3 17 20.4 23.7 25.2 27.4 31.5 31.7 35.1 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 ShareinPercent Outlook in 2000 for2010: Source: BMWi, AGEE-Stat, BEE Share of renewable electricity in Germany
  5. 5. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group While renewables expanded, the energy costs of the German industry have been declining since 2010 Source: Öko-Institut e.V. EKI- Energy cost Index EKI 6-months average High energy intensive industry Medium energy intensive industry Low energy intensive industry
  6. 6. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group PV and wind power = cheapest energy in G20 States Source: https://www.pv-magazine.de/2017/07/05/ studie-photovoltaik-und-windkraft-spaetestens-2030-in-allen-g20-staaten- guenstigste-stromquelle/ Wind PV Coal Nuclear
  7. 7. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Reality in Germany: Increasing grid stability while renewables are expanding Source: Bundesnetzagentur (2015); http://www.bundesnetzagentur.de/DE/Sachgebiete/ElektrizitaetundGas/Unterne hmen_Institutionen/Versorgungssicherheit/Stromnetze/Versorgungsqualität/Vers orgungsqualität-node.html ; BMU, BEE, bdew 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 0 5 10 15 20 25 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 System Average Interruption Duration Index in minutes (SAIDI) Share of Renewables in %
  8. 8. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Key points for an effective Renewable Energy Act (Feed-in Law; EEG)  Privileged grid access/priority dispatch  Feed-in tariff has to be appropriate for economic operation, with variations depending on technology and size  Funding of feed-in tariff via electricity rate  No cap for feed-in of renewable energies  Guaranteed period of remuneration  Tenders below 40 MW do not make for a successful policy as they strongly restrict the plurality of actors*  Also: No obstructions by a restrictive permission policy * http://energywatchgroup.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/FIT- Tender_Fell_PolicyPaper_EN_final.pdf
  9. 9. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group GET FiT  GET FiT is the abbreviation of Global Energy Transfer Feed-in Tariffs for developing countries  It is a concept for facilitating private sector investments in renewable energies in developing countries • Grants are used to supplement the existing FiT mechanism for the first five years  First project in Uganda (launch in 2013):  Ukraine could ask for GET FiT financed by EU Source: Deutsche Bank, GET FiT
  10. 10. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Balance of solar and wind power fluctuations  Flexibility in power generation •Hydro, biogas, geothermal power must produce dispatchable power for system security  Flexibility of power demand •Consumers must balance their demand for power  Storage investment •Hydro pump storage, batteries, hydrogen and synthetic methane from renewable power  Grid investment: Low and high voltage •Expansion on distribution and transmission level
  11. 11. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group PV 2 MWp 3.740 201 2.623 electric power consumption as per existing load profile incl. electric vehicles wood gasificator sale to power grid heat consumption as per existing load profile WEP 2 MW CHP* 1 MWel ‚ 1 MWth heat pump battery storage CONTROLLER heat storage degree of self sufficiency 100%, proportion of own consumption approx. 75%*CHP supplies maximum load plus required redundancy, Energy flow in a combined power plant
  12. 12. Hans-Josef Fell – MdB (1998-2013) Präsident der Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell – MdB (1998-2013) Präsident der Energy Watch Group Feed-in tariff for combined renewable power producer • Tariff is paid for per law if: • Power generation meets demand each hour of the year • Mix of 100% renewable power generation • Frequency and voltage stability, reactive power is guaranteed • Effects: • Grid stability is growing, decentralised bottom-up approach • Integration of heating/cooling and electro-mobility • Development of storage technology • Emergence of smart cities For more information see https://www.hans-josef- fell.de/content/index.php/dokumente/documents-in-foreign-languages/english/921-09- 2016-english-incentive-scheme-for-100-renewable-combined-power-solutions
  13. 13. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Overall concepts for 100% renewables  Renewable energy for: heating, cooling, mobility, electricity, industry Wind, solar, hydro, waves, bioenergy, geothermal power  Storage: hydro pump; batteries; power to gas; ice (heat) storage  Big data; smart homes; smart cities Hybrid/ electric vehicles
  14. 14. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Agro-PV in Italy Double yield: Solar electricity and corn shadowing saves water
  15. 15. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Species-appropriate husbandry in PV farms Double yield: Solar power and organic meat Quelle: Zhenfa Energy Group, China
  16. 16. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Germany Nov 2016, COP22, Marrakech: 48 countries (Climate Vulnerable Forum) decided for 100% RE target More Countries e.g.: Denmark; Sweden; Costa Rica; Iceland; Cape Verde Cities with 100% RE target e.g.: Barcelona; Masdar City; Munich; Masheireb; Downtown Doha; Vancouver; San Francisco; Copenhagen; Sydney; Companies with 100% RE target e.g.: Google, Coca-Cola, Ikea, Walmart
  17. 17. STUDY: TRANSITION TOWARDS A 100% RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEM BY 2050 FOR UKRAINE Michael Child, Dmitrii Bogdanov and Christian Breyer Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland Key findings: • 100% Renewable Power is technologically feasible • 100% Renewable Power is feasible every hour the whole year • Baselaod of nuclear/coal power is not necessary • 100% Renewable Power is cheaper than fossil/nuclear power https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315117520_The_role_of_storage_technologies_for_ the_transition_to_a_100_renewable_energy_system_in_Ukraine
  18. 18. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Western oil companies: Since the oil price decline, most companies only make losses Source: Energy Watch Group, Werner Zittel
  19. 19. Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Hans-Josef Fell Member of German Parliament (1998-2013) President of Energy Watch Group Double pitfall for fossil/nuclear business  Rising oil/gas/coal/uranium prices •Energy consumers switch to renewables  Declining oil/gas/coal/uranium prices •Financers stop investing •State budget on the way to bankruptcy  Both leads to economic pressure for fossil/nuclear companies  $3.4 trillion fossil fuel assets are flagged for divestment by more than 500 institutions and 2,040 individuals from 43 countries
  20. 20. Thank you very much for your attention! www.hans-josef-fell.de

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