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Energy Year 2014 - District Heat

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Energy Year 2014 - District Heat

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Energy Year 2014 - District Heat

  1. 1. Energy year 2014 District Heat
  2. 2. 4.11.2015 District heat in Finland year 2014  Heat sales (incl. taxes) 2,33 mrd €  Sold heat energy 31,7 TWh  Average price of dh (incl. taxes) 7,34 c/kWh  Inhabitants in district heated apartments 2,74 mill.  Market share of district heat 46 %
  3. 3. 4.11.2015 Market share of space heating year 2013 Residential, commercial and public buildings Heat pump: includes the electricity consumption of heat pumps Electricity: includes the electricity consumption of heat distribution equipment and electric sauna stoves Wood: includes the wood used by sauna stoves
  4. 4. 4.11.2015 District heat consumption and connected heat load of the customers 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 GWTWh/a Heat consumption TWh/a Connected heat load GW
  5. 5. 4.11.2015 Temperature corrected heat consumption 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 TWh Heat consumption, TWh Temperature corrected heat consumption, TWh
  6. 6. 4.11.2015 District heat in Finland year 2014  Number of district heating customers 144 000  Number of dwelling house customers 115 400; 1,33 mill. dwellings and 2,74 mill. inhabitants  Year 2014 – New district heating customers 2 800 pc. • 77 % of the connected building volume were new buildings, rest were changing their means of space heating
  7. 7. 4.11.2015 New customers connected to district heating and construction of new pipelines 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 1981 1985 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 2013 km New customers Construction of pipes Number of customers
  8. 8. 4.11.2015 Number of customers and length of networks 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 0 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 120000 140000 160000 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 kmpc. Number of customers pc. Total length of networks km
  9. 9. 4.11.2015 Specific heat consumption in district heated buildings incl. energy for heating hot tap water
  10. 10. 4.11.2015 District heat production year 2014 34,7 TWh
  11. 11. 4.11.2015 District heat production 72 %72 %72 %74 %76 % 77 %79 %77 %75 %76 % 77 %75 %75 %76 %73 % 75 %74 %75 % 71 % 71 % 73 %69 %73 % 72 % 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 TWh/a cogenerated heat
  12. 12. 4.11.2015 Energy savings due to CHP Actual fuel consumption 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 TWh/a Fuel consumption without CHP savings due to CHP
  13. 13. 4.11.2015 Savings in carbon dioxide emissions due to CHP CO2-emissions in the production of district heat and cogenerated electricity 0 5 10 15 20 25 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 million t CO2 savings due to CHP
  14. 14. 4.11.2015 Fuels for district heat and CHP 55,4 TWh in Finland year 2014 Renewable 31 % Carbon dioxide free 34 % Domestic 50 %
  15. 15. 4.11.2015 Fuels for separate district heat production 10,7 TWh in Finland year 2014 Renewable 37 % Carbon dioxide free 49 % Domestic 61 %
  16. 16. 4.11.2015 Fuels for district heat and cogeneration 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 oil coal natural gas peat other bio
  17. 17. 4.11.2015 Fuels for district heat and cogeneration 0 % 20 % 40 % 60 % 80 % 100 % Uusimaa Varsinais-Suomi Satakunta Kanta-Häme Pirkanmaa Päijät-Häme Kymenlaakso Etelä-Karjala Etelä-Savo Pohjois-Savo Pohjois-Karjala Keski-Suomi Keski-Pohjanmaa Etelä-Pohjanmaa Pohjanmaa Pohjois-Pohjanmaa Kainuu Lappi Ahvenanmaa Bio, etc. Peat Natural gas Coal Fuel oil Others
  18. 18. 4.11.2015 Renewable energy sources in the production of district heat and cogeneration 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 GWh district heat and CHP separate heat prod.
  19. 19. 4.11.2015 CO2-emissions from district heat production Sources: Statistics Finland (2000...2013) Finnish Energy Industries (1976...1999, 2014)
  20. 20. 4.11.2015 Prices of district heat (incl. VAT) Average, minimum and maximum values 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 €/MWh
  21. 21. 4.11.2015 The share of district heating companies according to the average heat sales price year 2014 (incl. VAT) 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 20% 50 54 58 62 66 70 74 78 82 86 90 94 98 102 106 110 114 118 122 126 €/MWh weighted average price 73,4 €/MWh arithmetical average price 81,1 €/MWh
  22. 22. 4.11.2015 District heating price, fixed price + energy fee €/MWh (incl. VAT) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 1.7.00 1.7.01 1.7.02 1.7.03 1.7.04 1.7.05 1.7.06 1.7.07 1.7.08 1.7.09 1.7.10 1.7.11 1.7.12 1.7.13 1.7.14 1.7.15 €/MWh Detached house (500 m³) Terraced house (2000 m³) Block, small (10000 m³) Block, large (25000 m³) Detached house (600 m³) Terraced house/Block, small (5000 m³) Block, large (20000 m³) Buildings until 1.7.2010: Buildings since 1.7.2010:
  23. 23. 4.11.2015 Real price of district heat Corrected with cost-of-living index, 1.1.1981 = 100 Share of taxes (excise tax of fuels and VAT) 29,0 % (1.7.2015) 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 01/81 01/84 01/87 01/90 01/93 01/96 01/99 01/02 01/05 01/08 01/11 01/14 real price of district heat real price of district heat (excl. taxes)
  24. 24. 4.11.2015 District heat consumption year 2014 31,7 TWh
  25. 25. 4.11.2015 Distribution of customers according to contracted heat load 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% - 20 21 - 60 61 - 290 291 - 520 521 - contracted heat load, kW %-share 1990 %-share 1995 %-share 2000 %-share 2005 %-share 2010 %-share 2014
  26. 26. 4.11.2015 Number of district heated buildings 0 200 000 400 000 600 000 800 000 1 000 000 1 200 000 1 400 000 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 pc.
  27. 27. 4.11.2015 Production capacity and connected heat load of the customers 0 5 10 15 20 25 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 GW Production capacity GW Connected heat load GW
  28. 28. 4.11.2015 District heating production plants District heating is decentralized energy, Finnish Energy’s members produce heat in: •165 towns •105 CHP plants •1117 heat-only boilers Source: District Heating in Finland 2014, Finnish Energy Industries
  29. 29. 4.11.2015 District heating production plants Combined heat and power plants as well as stationary heating plants and heat pumps - domestic energy sources Source: District Heating in Finland 2014, Finnish Energy Industries
  30. 30. 4.11.2015 District heating production plants Combined heat and power plants as well as stationary heating plants and heat pumps - renewable fuels Source: District Heating in Finland 2014, Finnish Energy Industries
  31. 31. 4.11.2015 Fuels used in district heat production and CHP production Source: District Heating in Finland 2014, Finnish Energy Industries

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