President Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act in 2002, which was terribly underfunded. He then went on further cut the US Department of Education’s budget. In 2005, he cut about $2 billion from educational programs and then went on to cut more than 42 programs. And by cut, I mean eliminate entirely. This became the largest cut from the Department of Education’s budget in its 27 years. It weighs heavily on economically and disadvantaged students the most.
1. Eliminates achievement gaps in order to improve student learning. 2. Improved literacy in young children and low income families. 3. Developed vocational, technical and academic roles in students in that field. 4. Provides support to low income and first generation military families. 5. Designed to help low-income students to succeed in college. 6. Aimed to increase disadvantaged youth to succeed in high school and college. 7. Important school to work transition program.
1. Includes DARE program. 2. Assists parents whose children attend schools that need improvements. 3. Expands art education. 4. Establishes consueling programs for elementary and secondary schools. 5. Reduce alcohol abuse in secondary students. 6. Programs in character, civics and correction. 7. Improves instructions in math and science and foreign language for disabled, illiterate and disadvantaged students
1. meets special needs of gifted students who are disabled, disadvantaged and limited-English proficient. 2. supports culturally-based educational activities, internships, apprenticeships and exchanges for Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, and children and families of Massachusetts . 3. Designed to increase student achievement. 4. Assists with dropout prevent. 5. funds to increase student access to high-quality mental health care/ 6. promotes educational equity for women and girls through via funding for local implementation of gender-equity policies and practices.
In California, older textbooks are being used for longer periods of time to save money. They have already eliminated many teaching and faculty positions, yet are still trying to make ends meet. Most public schools in California will not be able to afford new textbooks until 2014. While some schools can afford the new books, they have opted for hiring and training new teachers and faculty.
Because of these cuts, students are now turning towards a more electronic based learning environment. Teachers can place homework assignments online and have the students print them off at home and complete them for the next day. This also adds on to the financial situation. Students who do not have a at-home computer will have trouble with these assignments. And also between the printing and ink costs online assignments will also become a burden on low-income families.
Programs, like some I have previously mentioned that are designed for a student’s best interest, are being cut or the funding for it reduced. A specific program, called “Reading First”, which is designed to help student literacy, has been drastically cut. Some schools, in order to help themselves out of this financial crisis, have made the students themselves by their own textbooks and handouts. Those low-income families who cannot afford this extra cost of their children’s education have been hit the hardest. Class sizes, due to many teachers and faculty being laid off, are expanding just to fit the needs of everyone. Many teachers are now being assigned more than one subject to teach due to this dilemma.
Some communities are reaching out to the public to help ease this burden. Some are pushing for a tax increase to support the growing cost of education. Many people are opposed to this, because of how high taxes are in some areas. But in 2009, President Obama passed the stimulus package, which was $787 billion dollars, $100 billion of that went straight for education. In October 2009, officials say that this stimulus package helped save over 250,000 jobs, which include teachers, administrators and other faculty.
Six months after the stimulus package, many schools are finding it harder to pay for teachers and to fund extracurricular activities. California is a state that is being hit the hardest. In some areas, many teachers are being laid off and the ones who survive the ax are getting hit with a smaller paycheck. Class sizes are becoming larger, which results in less individual attention. Many people are worried that today’s generation of students will not have the education needed to survive in the real world when the time comes. An idea of a second stimulus package was brought up, but many do not want to keep borrowing for foreign countries and keep increasing our national debt. Schools are stuck making some of the toughest decisions they’ve ever had to make.
Budget Cuts And Their Effects
Budget Cuts and their Effects<br />A presentation by Miranda Endres<br />
Introduction<br /><ul><li>Schools have been taking a hit in recent years.
About every state in the United States has been affected by budget cuts in some way or another.
These cuts come in the form of reducing benefits to employees and cutting classes from the curriculum.</li></ul>Photo by Adan Garcia<br />
Where it began<br />In 2006, President Bush ended 42 education programs and reduced the budget of four other programs by $4.279 billion. <br />These programs are not just for educational purposes, but some include programs for the disabled and handicapped. As well as culturally based programs. <br />George Bush and Dick Cheney by BlatantNews.com<br />
Breakdown of budget cuts<br />Educational technology state grants, $272 million<br />Even Start, $99 million<br />Vocational education state grants, $1,182 million<br />Vocational education national programs, $9 million<br />Upward Bound, $311 million<br />GEAR UP, $303 million<br />Talent search, $145 million<br />Tech prep education program, $105 million <br />
Breakdown of Budget Cuts<br />Safe and Drug-Free Schools, $347 million<br />Parental information and resource centers, $40 million<br />Arts in education, $35 million<br />Elementary and secondary school counseling, $35 million<br />Alcohol abuse reduction, $32 millio<br />Civic education, $29 million<br />Star Schools, $15 million<br />
Breakdown of Budget Cuts<br />Javits gifted and talented education, $10 million<br />Exchanges with Historic Whaling and Trading Partners, $9 million <br />Comprehensive school reform, $8 million<br />Dropout prevention program, $5 million<br />Mental Health integration in schools, $5 million<br />Women's Educational Equity, $3 million - <br />
Cuts increased<br />In California, more than $4 billion was proposed to be cut from the schools budgets. <br />“It would decimate education as it exists right now,” - Paul Chatman, a school board member from Ocean View, Calif.<br />School districts around the country are trying to persuade their communities to vote for a higher tax on school funding. <br />Money 2 by borman818<br />
Impact on Schools<br />Because of these cuts, many programs are being cut as well. <br />Programs, such as reading or fine arts, are also being cut due to budget restrictions. <br />Genre Paintings and Hand Painted Ukiyo-e by asobitsuchiya<br />
Impact on Students<br />Programs designed to help students succeed in life are now being cut. <br />Students are not getting the resources they need or the help they deserve. <br />Class sizes will be increased and teaching positions will be cut back. <br />UF Norman Hall Desk Classroom by cdsessums<br />
What is being done?<br />Teachers and administrators are trying to manage through these tough times.<br />Communities are trying to raise funding for public schools through taxes.<br />In 2009, $100 billion of the $787 billion stimulus package went straight to helping education.<br />
In the end….<br />Six months after the stimulus package, education all throughout the country is still in a crisis. <br />Many are relating this to another Great Depression, due to the amount of estimated layoffs that could occur.<br />Class sizes are increasing as resources are depleting. <br />Many support another economic stimulus, but do not want to keep borrowing from foreign countries. <br />