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UN Millennium Campaign, Montreal, April 2009


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UN Millennium Campaign, Montreal, April 2009

  1. 1. Keeping the Millennium Promise Can Canadian citizens hold their Government to account? Montreal, 15 April 2009
  2. 2. MDGs – another set of UN promises? MDGs Poor Countries Rich Countries <ul><li>Deliver on Goals 1-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Governments must: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate MDGs into policies, plans and budgets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Become accountable to citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deliver on Goal 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Governments must provide: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More aid and more effective aid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater debt cancellation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased trade opportunities for the poor </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. 2000-2009 MDG Scorecard..… <ul><li>The single most durable set of global development commitments by governments – withstood 9/11 and its aftermath </li></ul><ul><li>Provided a strong human development and poverty focus to all global processes – Monterrey, Paris, Accra, Doha, G8 and now G20 </li></ul><ul><li>Common framework for planning and monitoring – AU, SAARC, ASEAN, SAARC, EU </li></ul><ul><li>Guiding national planning in a majority of poor countries – refocussing PRSPs </li></ul><ul><li>Improved data availability </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2000-9 MDG Scorecard…. <ul><li>40 countries have had their debts cancelled – big increase in poverty-focussed public expenditure </li></ul><ul><li>Aid levels have steadily increased – 30% higher than 1992 peak </li></ul><ul><li>Created a platform for massive citizens mobilisation in the North and South </li></ul>
  5. 5. Unprecedented development achievements in the last decade <ul><li>400 million people pulled out of poverty from 1990 to 2005 – 16 percentage points </li></ul><ul><li>Infant and Child Mortality halved - >2 million children’s lives saved child deaths level goes below 10 million per year for the first time </li></ul><ul><li>40 million more children in school </li></ul><ul><li>2 million have ARV access </li></ul><ul><li>TB almost eradicated and HIV/AIDS reversing </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts down from 50 to 30 </li></ul>
  6. 7. MDG Progress - Poverty
  7. 8. MDG Progress - Education
  8. 9. MDG Progress – Child Health
  9. 10. About 40 countries, including very poor ones, are on track on each of the Goals <ul><li>Mozambique </li></ul><ul><li>Rwanda </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Zambia </li></ul><ul><li>Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh </li></ul>
  10. 11. But gap between rich and poor is growing
  11. 12. <ul><li>Over 25,000 children still dying a day </li></ul><ul><li>Over half a million mothers a year die from childbirth and neglect </li></ul><ul><li>2 billion people live without adequate food and basic needs </li></ul><ul><li>About 100 million children have no access to primary schools </li></ul><ul><li>3 million people die of HIV/AIDS each year </li></ul>Miles to go…
  12. 13. Countdown 2015: the obstacle course <ul><li>Financial crisis – separating real impact from using this as an excuse </li></ul><ul><li>Food and Climate crisis – more acute </li></ul><ul><li>Governance and exclusion crisis – national and global </li></ul><ul><li>Trade crisis – Doha impasse and new protectionism </li></ul>
  13. 14. Canada’s contribution to the MDGs <ul><li>Relatively progressive trade policy </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment to doubling aid to Sub Saharan Africa by 2010 welcome </li></ul><ul><li>OECD DAC 2008 figures show increase in last year’s aid level </li></ul><ul><li>ODA Accountability Law passed by Parliament requiring Canadian aid to be poverty focussed is a landmark legislation </li></ul>
  14. 15. Canada – punching below its weight <ul><li>One of the richest countries in the world is at the lower end of the aid league table: 16/22 amongst OECD DAC members with 0.32% of GNI </li></ul><ul><li>As a % of GNI, Ireland, Spain, UK and Australia are already ahead of Canada </li></ul><ul><li>In absolute terms, much smaller economies like Netherlands and Sweden make bigger contributions </li></ul><ul><li>This is well below both the Government’s commitment to meet the DAC average which is at 0.47% and promises made at the G8 in 2005 </li></ul>
  15. 16. Canadian aid % lower than 1969 levels! <ul><li>Ironically, it was Lester Pearson, a Canadian Prime Minister who proposed the 0.7% as early as 1969 </li></ul><ul><li>Canada and CIDA for decades was a leader in international development – not just money but progressive and innovative ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Today, a big gap between perception and reality – perceptions not just of outsiders but Canadian citizens themselves </li></ul>
  16. 17. 2010: A Great Opportunity <ul><li>With the Vancouver Olympics and the G8, the spotlight in 2010 is on Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks to a strong regulatory framework and prudent policies, Canada has been less affected by the financial crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Canada has made fresh commitments at the G20 in London just two weeks ago and has generally progressive trade policies </li></ul><ul><li>Will Canada be able to hold its head high next year at the G8 in June and the MDG Review Summit at the UN in September? </li></ul>
  17. 18. Can Canadian citizens hold their Government to account? Grassroots Media/ Public Awareness Policy Change
  18. 21. MDG People’s Forums and Policy Roundtables
  19. 23. October 16-18, 2009 Stand Up and Take Action
  20. 24. What the Canadian Government needs to deliver? <ul><li>A 5-year timetable to reach 0.7%: this is doable as the G20 announcements proved beyond doubt </li></ul><ul><li>Focus aid on the achievement of the MDGs for the poorest countries and the poorest people </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the quality of aid and follow the Paris and Accra Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>Have a whole-of-government approach to the MDGs connecting trade, aid, food security and climate change </li></ul>
  21. 25. Canadian citizens need to make their voice heard <ul><li>Most Canadians deeply care about their responsibility in making the world more peaceful, equitable and sustainable – with Quebec leading the way </li></ul><ul><li>From the environment movement to General Romeo Dallaire, to the Raging Grannies to Make Poverty History, Canadians have never remained silent </li></ul><ul><li>Only action by Parliamentarians, Churches, students, trade unions and local Governments will make the Government do the right thing </li></ul><ul><li>Stand Up and Take Action – Oct 16-18 2009 </li></ul>