Review of Election Promises Made by Political Parties


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Review of Election Promises Made by Political Parties

  1. 1. PROMISES TO KEEP A Comparative Review of Election Manifestos 2009 Wada Na Todo Abhiyan
  2. 2. Manifestos Released <ul><li>CPM – 16 Mar 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>CPI – 21 Mar 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Congress – 24 Mar 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>BJP – 3 April 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>NCP – 3 April 2009 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Key Commitments: Health <ul><li>Investment : 5% GDP for health (CPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health : Upgrade, expand (Left, INC) </li></ul><ul><li>Health Insurance - RSBY (INC) </li></ul><ul><li>Privatization : Regulatory authority (BJP) / No to Privatization (CPI, CPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening JSY, 6 State of the Art Hospitals (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>New Public Health Policy, Life saving medicines at affordable rates (NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Missed (wrt. People’s Manifesto demands): </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Health Act, Free primary health services </li></ul><ul><li>New Legislation for PLHVA </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive program for maternal and infant health </li></ul>
  4. 4. Key Commitments: Education <ul><li>Investment - 6% GDP for health (Left) </li></ul><ul><li>Policy - RTE Act & CSS (Left), New Policy & Edu. Comm (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion : Free Education (INC), Ladli Lakshmi (BJP), 20% SSA funding for Minority Blocks (CPI) </li></ul><ul><li>Skills & Support : NSDM (INC), National Student Bank (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Communalism : Monitoring of curriculum (INC) </li></ul><ul><li>Missed (wrt. People’s Manifesto demands): </li></ul><ul><li>No mention of investments, RTE or steps to curb privatization of education by INC, BJP </li></ul>
  5. 5. Commitments: Work & Social Security <ul><li>NREGA – 100 Days @ Rs. 100 / day for all (INC), To all for as many days as demanded (CPM), 2% GDP for implementation (CPI), UEGA ( Left parties) </li></ul><ul><li>Women - Special provisions in NREGA for women (CPI), 1/3 rd Central Govt. jobs for women (INC), Social security for working women (CPM), Equal wages for women (Left), Bank accounts for women (INC, BJP); Pref. contracts for marginalized groups (INC) </li></ul><ul><li>Unorganized : Stronger implementation of UNW & ISM Acts (Left), Setting of National Minimum Wage (CPI), Labour laws for IT / BPO / SEZ workers (CPI) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Commitments: Work & Social Security <ul><li>Workers’ Bank & National Child Labour Commission (BJP), Special programs for urban poor / high risk groups (INC, BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Labour – Loan waiver for distressed peasants (CPM), Separate law for Agricultural Workers (Left) </li></ul><ul><li>1.2 million IT enabled jobs in rural areas (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Missed: </li></ul><ul><li>Mention of UEGA by INC, BJP </li></ul><ul><li>Investments specified for Unorganized Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Specific mechanisms and provisions for USW, ISMW Acts </li></ul>
  7. 7. Commitments: Land & Forests <ul><li>SEZ : Amendment of SEZ Act – and CRZ notifications (CPI), Ban on farmland conversion and National Land Use Policy (BJP), Market rates & stakeholder options (INC) </li></ul><ul><li>FRA : Stronger implementation, amended definition of forest dwellers, protection & restoration of tribal lands (CPM) </li></ul><ul><li>R&R : Introduction of R & R Act (INC) </li></ul><ul><li>Amendment of Land Acquisition Act (across) </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of Land Reforms (Left) </li></ul><ul><li>National Bio-diversity Law (NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Missed: </li></ul><ul><li>Scrapping of SEZ Act, Status on reversal of ULCA, Regulation of land development activities and a/c to local communities, </li></ul><ul><li>Land earmarked for marginalized groups </li></ul>
  8. 8. Key Commitments: Agriculture <ul><li>Investment: Doubling of investment (CPI, NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Credit : Crop Insurance and low interest rates (Across), Loan Waiver (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Support : Minimum Support Price (Across), Commodity Board to fix floor prices (CPM), Kisan Cards & Kisan Vigyan Kendras (CPI), Direct income support to ecologically vulnerable areas (INC), Support to related industry (NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Review of Patent Act (CPI), Regulation on GM foods / crops (Left, BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation : National Program for SC/ST (CPM), 35 million hectares additional irrigated farmland (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-dumping Authority and Protection of Patents (NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Missed : National Irrigation Mission, Farmer Status for Women </li></ul><ul><li>Support to SC/ST farmers, Drought and flood areas package </li></ul>
  9. 9. Key Commitments: Food Security <ul><li>National Food Security Act (INC) </li></ul><ul><li>Universal PDS FOR 14 essential commodities (Left), Food Subsidy Programs (INC, BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Universal ICDS (Across), Double salaries for Anganwadi workers (BJP), No privatization (Left) </li></ul><ul><li>Community kitchens for urban poor (INC, BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Food stock buffer in event of global crisis (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Missed : </li></ul><ul><li>Status of Investment </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted programs for backward districts and marginalized groups </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding PDS and protecting essential commodities (INC, BJP) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Key Commitments: Infrastructure <ul><li>Water : Right to Water (Across), National Water Policy and Water Management System (Left), No privatization (Left) </li></ul><ul><li>Housing: Housing as a FR (CPI), 10 lakh housing units (BJP), Urban Housing & Sanitation program (INC, NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Roads : National Highway Development & Gram Sadak Yojana (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Power : Rural Electrification and Non-conventional energy (across), Increased nuclear power (INC), IT for villages (INC, BJP), Budgetary provisions and private investment (NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Management measures across states (NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Missed : </li></ul><ul><li>Macro plan and investments for urban to rural infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted development for marginalized communities </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability and regulation of private operators </li></ul>
  11. 11. Key Commitments: Economy <ul><li>Plan Expenditure at 10% GDP (CPM), Introduction of GST (INC), Tax Exemption & Abolishing FBT AND CST (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>PSUs: Protection and promotionof viable PSUs (Left), Protection in manufacturing / strategic sector (INC, NCP), Promotion of SMEs (Across), Promotion of Tourism (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Retail : Ban of FDI (Left, BJP), Regulation of corporate retailers (Left) </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation of Corporate and Financial Sector (Across) </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion : Affirmative action in private sector (INC, Left), Equal Opportunity Commission for Minorities (INC, Left), Support to disabled groups (Across) </li></ul><ul><li>Co-ops : Constitutional Provision (INC), Model Law (BJP), Amendment of Banking Regulation Act (NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Missed : </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete measures for Corporate Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Reservation Act replaced by ‘affirmative action’ </li></ul>
  12. 12. Key Commitments: Social Inclusion <ul><li>Women’s Reservation Bill enacted (across) </li></ul><ul><li>Sachar Committee Recommendations implemented (INC, Left, NCP) and Ranganath Commission Report made public (Left) </li></ul><ul><li>Equal Opportunities Commission (INC, Left) and Constitution status for Minorities Commission (NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Stronger PWD Act (CPI), Opportunities for Disabled (Across) </li></ul><ul><li>Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojana & Tribal Devt. Authority (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>National Mission to end Dowry and Female Foeticide (CPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Law against Sexual Violence, incl. against children (Left) </li></ul><ul><li>Reservation for Dalits across religions (Left), and OBCs (Left, NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Reservation for EWS across communities (INC, BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Special support to girl child, high risk, urban poor groups (across) </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of senior citizens, Old Age Pension (across) </li></ul><ul><li>Missed: Mandatory inclusion of women and marginalized groups in all asset building and development programs </li></ul>
  13. 13. Key Commitments: Governance <ul><li>Police and Judicial Reforms (across), National Judicial Commission (BJP, Left), Gram Nyayalaya Act strengthened (INC) </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral Reforms incl. direct representation system and bar on criminal candidates (Left), Lok Pal Act (CPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament approval for international treaties (BJP, CPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of PRIs where none exist (CPI) </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional amendment for fixed term of LS (NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased allocation to GPs and new model of urban administration (INC), Devolution of 50% centrally collected taxes to states (CPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum 100 days sitting of Parliament (CPI) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Key Commitments: Governance <ul><li>Creation of smaller states, Uniform Civil Code, National e-governance plan (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Media Council for regulation of media (CPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Seats reserved for youth in local governments (INC) </li></ul><ul><li>Missed : </li></ul><ul><li>Annual report of works and budgets presented by elected representatives and govt. agencies in public </li></ul><ul><li>Stronger mechanisms for public participation and monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of RTI </li></ul><ul><li>Election Watch team with official sanction </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Recall system </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of women and marginalized group candidates from harassment and discrimination </li></ul>
  15. 15. Key Commitments: Peace & Security <ul><li>National Identity Card (INC, BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Women and Dalits protected from atrocities (INC) </li></ul><ul><li>Empowered NHRC to monitor communal and caste violence (INC) </li></ul><ul><li>Law against Communal Violence and Implementation of Sri Krishna Commission Report (CPM), </li></ul><ul><li>Opposition to laws that curb human and democratic rights (CPI) </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration of Article 370 and regional autonomy for J&K, Ladakh (Left) </li></ul><ul><li>Replication of Salwa Judum, New POTA type law, Removal of article 370 (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Modernization of Defence systems (INC, BJP); PPP in Defence (BJP), Pay Commission for Defence (BJP, NCP) </li></ul><ul><li>Missing: Protection of minorities from harassment in the name of terror; Strengthening of Atrocity Prevention Laws and extension to Minorities, with special provision for women </li></ul>
  16. 16. Foreign Policy & Global Role <ul><li>Climate Change action (Across), </li></ul><ul><li>Global Engagement with US, Europe, Africa (INC) </li></ul><ul><li>Ties with West Asia (INC, Left), Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline (CPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence building between India & Pakistan (Left); Show of strength against terror tactics (INC, BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Reworking 123 Agreement and No to Defence ties with US (CPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic removal of illegal migrants, Fencing of India-Bangladesh border (BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening ties with NRI / PIOs (INC, BJP) </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency in FTA / International negotiations (Left) </li></ul><ul><li>Missing: </li></ul><ul><li>Priority and composite plan for strengthening peace, security and economic ties across South Asia </li></ul>