Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

FOSS4G as a Viable Option for NGIS R&D in Korea


Published on

This presentation was given at FOSS4G Japan/Osaka 2012. This presentation talks why open source GIS can be a viable option for National GIS R&D in Korea.

Published in: Technology
  • Dating direct: ♥♥♥ ♥♥♥
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Dating for everyone is here: ❶❶❶ ❶❶❶
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

FOSS4G as a Viable Option for NGIS R&D in Korea

  1. 1. 한국어 지부Open Source GIS – A Viable Option for NGIS R&D in Korea 8th, Nov 2012 FOSS4G 2012 Osaka Keynote Presentation Representative of OSGeo Korean Chapter Shin, Sanghee(
  2. 2. 0. Notes §  Many parts of this presentation contains the results of resea rch titled “Strategies on Building the Platform for GeoSp atial Information Technology Development: Based on O pen Source Thinking” §  This presentation does not necessarily reflect Korean gover nment’s views or policies toward NGIS R&D in Korea §  In this presentation, National R&D will be regarded as a part of NIS(National Innovation System)OSGeo Korean Chapter 2 Shin, Sanghee(
  3. 3. 1. What is National R&D? “     Increasing  the  fluidity  of  technology  and  infor ins7tu7ons.   ma7on  flows  among  people,  enterprises  and                                                            ”   è To enhance the innovative performance and overall com petitiveness in a country. •  Source : “National Innovation Systems”, 1997, OECD.OSGeo Korean Chapter 3 Shin, Sanghee(
  4. 4. 2. Understanding R&D Circumstances §  Traditional Approach Inputs Outputs -  R&D Funds R&D Process -  Patents -  Human -  Publications Resources è ‘Linear Model of Innovation’ that more focus on Inputs & Outputs.OSGeo Korean Chapter 4 Shin, Sanghee(
  5. 5. 2. Understanding R&D Circumstances §  Traditional Linear Approach Linear Basic Explore Idea Design, Develop, Producing Marketing Model Research New Ideas Evaluation Test High Cost Uncertainty R&D Characteristics High RiskOSGeo Korean Chapter 5 Shin, Sanghee(
  6. 6. 2. Understanding R&D Circumstances §  Low R&D Success Rate Total R&D Investment 100% Failed R&D 60% Commercialized R&D 40% §  Only 40% of R&D Projects is commercialized in spite of high R&D investment §  In total only 24% of R&D Projects make a penny Non-Profitable Profitable §  R&D success rate has continuously been lowered down due to 40% 60% shortened life cycle of products & technologyOSGeo Korean Chapter 6 Shin, Sanghee(
  7. 7. 2. Understanding R&D Circumstances §  R&D Cost Curve R&D Valley of Death Sea of Darwin •  Source : Osawa and Miyazaki, 2006OSGeo Korean Chapter 7 Shin, Sanghee(
  8. 8. 2. Understanding R&D Circumstances §  Changes on R&D Model Universities R&D Process National Enterprises R&D Center è Interactions among actors involved in technology devel opment are as important as investments in R&DOSGeo Korean Chapter 8 Shin, Sanghee(
  9. 9. 2. Understanding R&D Circumstances §  Changes on R&D Model Research Development Business From traditional R&D model To D&B Model Research Development Business ConnectOSGeo Korean Chapter 9 Shin, Sanghee(
  10. 10. 3. Innovation Models §  Closed Innovation Inside R&D Ecosystem Technology Innovation New Increased Technology R&D New Investment Product Revenue & Profit Increase •  Source : Henry Chesbrough, 2003OSGeo Korean Chapter 10 Shin, Sanghee(
  11. 11. 3. Innovation Models §  Closed Innovation Closed § Designed and developed by nation inside or firm inside § Leverage inside knowledge, intellectual property, experiences In-House Development § Idling knowledge, limitations of leveraging outside knowledge Leverage own knowledge è What if outcomes of long R&D could not meet fast chan ging market needs?OSGeo Korean Chapter 11 Shin, Sanghee(
  12. 12. 3. Innovation Models §  7 Challenges in 21st Century Economic Technology Recession Oversupply Doing More Market with Less Uncertainty Technology Global Paradox Competition Everybody InnovatesOSGeo Korean Chapter 12 Shin, Sanghee(
  13. 13. 3. Innovation Models §  Open Innovation 1 End of Knowledge Monopoly Era 2 Mobility of Skilled Person & Technology 3 Increased R&D Cost and Shortened Life Cycle•  Source : Henry Chesbrough, 2003OSGeo Korean Chapter 13 Shin, Sanghee(
  14. 14. 3. Innovation Models §  Open Innovation Internal Resources Quick & Efficient Development External Resources è  Leverage smart people inside & outside of the nation!OSGeo Korean Chapter 14 Shin, Sanghee(
  15. 15. 3. Innovation Models §  Open Innovation Open § Designed and developed with other outside partners § Inside knowledge + outside knowledge Collaborative Development § Cost reduction, increase innovation capabilities, shortened response time to market change Leverage others knowledge too è So, how to apply open innovation to National R&D while keeping a National interest?OSGeo Korean Chapter 15 Shin, Sanghee(
  16. 16. 4. Korean Cases §  National GIS R&D Investment by NGIS Plan In Million KRW 45,000   40,000   35,000   30,000   1st NGIS : 18.5M US$ 25,000   2nd NGIS : 20.0M US$ 20,000   15,000   3rd NGIS : 144.7M US$ 10,000   Total 183.2M US$ 5,000   0   1995   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   è Vision : Development of world class GeoSpatial techno logy and new growth engineOSGeo Korean Chapter 16 Shin, Sanghee(
  17. 17. 4. Korean Cases §  Goal of Technology Development at each NGIS Phase Phase I Phase II Phase III - Mapping Technology - 3D GIS - Intelligent Land - DBMS Technology - High Resolution Information SW - General GIS SW Remote Sensing SW - Ubiquitous GISOSGeo Korean Chapter 17 Shin, Sanghee(
  18. 18. 4. Korean Cases §  Projects & Outcomes of Technology Development at NGIS Phase I Institution in Title Period Charge 1. DBMS Independent GIS Basic S/W - GIS API Development - GIS Analysis S/W Development - GIS Operation S/W Development - GIS User Interface Technology Development 2. Mapping Technology Development - Data acquisition and modification S/W development - Data processing and three-dimensional topographic S/W development - Map printing and map design automation S/W development 1995 Ministry of 3. DB Tool ~ Science and - Spatial object management system development 1999 Technology - Spatial object storage system development - RDBMS Interface development - OODBMS Interface development 4. GIS System Integration - System integration development - GIS advanced technology monitoring and spread - Public facility management GIS application software development - GIS data editing and integrated management technology development - Internet environment three-dimensional spatial analysis S/W developmentOSGeo Korean Chapter 18 Shin, Sanghee(
  19. 19. 4. Korean Cases §  Projects & Outcomes of Technology Development at NGIS Phase II Institution in Title Period Charge 1999~ 1. Open GIS component technology development 2001 2000~ 2. 3-dimensional GIS S/W technology development 2002 Ministry of Information 2001~ 3. High-precision satellite image processing technology development 2003 and Telecommunic ation 2001~ 4. Spatial information(4S)-connected technology support business 2003 2004~ 5. Multi-sensor spatial image information integration technology development 2006OSGeo Korean Chapter 19 Shin, Sanghee(
  20. 20. 4. Korean Cases §  Projects & Outcomes of Technology Development at NGIS Phase III Institution in Title Period Charge 1. Spatial information infrastructure innovation 2. Real-time territory monitoring Ministry of 2006 Land, Transpo ~ 3. Establishment of intelligent urban space information infrastructure 2010 rtation and Ma ritime Affairs 4. Realization of safe and convenient construction space 5. Induction of u-GIS standard and technologyOSGeo Korean Chapter 20 Shin, Sanghee(
  21. 21. 4. Korean Cases §  Applied Strategies to Develop GeoSpatial Technology 1. Utilizing Foreign Technology : ESRI, Intergraph, Etc. GeoSpatial Technology 2. Develop Own Technology : Mapping, DBMS, Etc Development 3. Mid Entry Strategy : Purchasing GOTHIC SW è Still around 70% of Korean GIS market is dominated by for eign technologies and little world class technologies!!OSGeo Korean Chapter 21 Shin, Sanghee(
  22. 22. 4. Korean Cases §  Ideal NGIS R&D Model Government RoyalEes Research  Fund Company   Research  Inst.   University Revenue  &  Profits Products  &  Tech  Selling Market  &  CustomersOSGeo Korean Chapter 23 Shin, Sanghee(
  23. 23. 4. Korean Cases §  Realities NGIS Products Market Success R&D R&D Lack of interactions R&D R&D NGIS R&D R&D R&D Products Market Success R&D Source & documents only Repeated development, test•  Source : Prof. Kwangwoo Nam, 2012OSGeo Korean Chapter 24 Shin, Sanghee(
  24. 24. 4. Korean Cases §  Under Performances Government X Lack of flow X Lack of flow Research University Company Short-term based Institute No update & further development after R&D Hard to find outcomes of R&D GeoSpatial Market – What market should we target?OSGeo Korean Chapter 25 Shin, Sanghee(
  25. 25. 4. Korean Cases §  Questions Raised Q01 Haven’t we tried to develop all the technologies by ourselves so far? è  What if we applied Google’s Android model to NGIS R&D?OSGeo Korean Chapter 26 Shin, Sanghee(
  26. 26. 4. Korean Cases §  Questions Raised Q02 How to rejuvenate the stopped development for the people in need? è  Let’s pull out the source codes from the shelf!!OSGeo Korean Chapter 27 Shin, Sanghee(
  27. 27. 4. Korean Cases §  Questions Raised Q03 Can we hit multiple targets at the same time? è  Need to consider ‘Select & Focus’ strategy.OSGeo Korean Chapter 28 Shin, Sanghee(
  28. 28. 4. Korean Cases §  Implications from Korean Cases Implications 1 Closed R&D System - Try to develop almost all the technologies by Need to leverage outside technology and reso itself. urces to respond to fast changing market situ ations. 2 University & Research Inst. Centric - Heavily rely on traditional linear downstream Need to engage more enterprises’ request an R&D model. d enterprise itself in development system. 3 Ambiguous R&D Goal Need to address R&D and D&B separately. R -  Not clear whether it is R&D or D&B. Need to &D for basic research and D&B for commerci set clear goal. alization. 4 Need to set up platform to increase the flow of Hard to Reuse R&D Outcomes knowledge and dissemination of technology -  After R&D project period, finding & reusing R during & after R&D. &D outcomes is difficult.OSGeo Korean Chapter 29 Shin, Sanghee(
  29. 29. 5. Strategies §  Basic Concepts Inside-Out Strategy Select & Focus Strategy Outside-In StrategyOSGeo Korean Chapter 30 Shin, Sanghee(
  30. 30. 5. Strategies §  Inside-Out Strategy Inside-Out Strategy 1 Change previous R&D outcomes to open source § Encourage to change previous R&D outcomes to ‘Dual License’ based open source § Let the technology flow to the people in need § ‘Technology in the Shelf’ doesn’t create any value 2 Need to Start Open Source Based R&D § Approach open source as a disruptive innovation § Participate in international open source GIS activities and lead the communities § This will increase the quality and interactions among actors!OSGeo Korean Chapter 31 Shin, Sanghee(
  31. 31. 5. Strategies §  Outside-In Strategy Outside-In Strategy Korean Situations Open Source GIS Strategies • Limited human resources • Internalize the outside resources • Limited R&D funds • Active adoption of Open Source GIS • Small & medium size GIS companies • Reduce GIS SW cost using Open Source GIS • Unable to target all the fields • Targeting professional fields • High dependency on proprietary GIS • Reduce the dependency on proprietary GISOSGeo Korean Chapter 32 Shin, Sanghee(
  32. 32. 5. Strategies §  Select & Focus Strategy Select & Focus Strategy 1 3 Targeting Cutting-Edge Technology Clear Discrimination between R&D, D&B - From Catch-up to Leap-frogging - Need to increase the commercialization capa bilities 2 4 Niche Market Strategy More Business Centric Policy Needed - Not only technology create values - Growth of business will create the virtuous cir cle of NGIS R&D Consider not only R&D itself but D&B as well!!OSGeo Korean Chapter 33 Shin, Sanghee(
  33. 33. 5. Strategies §  Proposed R&D System Firms NGIS R&D Activities Outside-In Inside-Out World Govnt Select & Focus Open Source Thinking(Open/Share/Participation) NGIS R&D Infrastructure R&D Inst.OSGeo Korean Chapter 34 Shin, Sanghee(
  34. 34. 6. Conclusions Open Innovation • Need to consider fast changing market & customers needs Strategy • Not future prediction, but increasing adaptabilities Inside-Out • Rejuvenate sleeping technology by changing it to open source Strategy • Let the technology flow to the people in need Outside-In • Need to actively embrace the open source GIS technology Strategy • Internalize the outside high-performance resources • Changing strategy from catch-up to leap-frogging Select & Focus • Need to target cutting-edge technology that could leverage hidden assets Strategy • Need to discriminate R&D and D&B • Every country has its own unique invisible assetsOSGeo Korean Chapter 35 Shin, Sanghee(
  35. 35. Thank you!! Q&A