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FOSS4G as a Viable Option for NGIS R&D in Korea


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This presentation was given at FOSS4G Japan/Osaka 2012. This presentation talks why open source GIS can be a viable option for National GIS R&D in Korea.

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FOSS4G as a Viable Option for NGIS R&D in Korea

  1. 1. 한국어 지부Open Source GIS – A Viable Option for NGIS R&D in Korea 8th, Nov 2012 FOSS4G 2012 Osaka Keynote Presentation Representative of OSGeo Korean Chapter Shin, Sanghee(
  2. 2. 0. Notes §  Many parts of this presentation contains the results of resea rch titled “Strategies on Building the Platform for GeoSp atial Information Technology Development: Based on O pen Source Thinking” §  This presentation does not necessarily reflect Korean gover nment’s views or policies toward NGIS R&D in Korea §  In this presentation, National R&D will be regarded as a part of NIS(National Innovation System)OSGeo Korean Chapter 2 Shin, Sanghee(
  3. 3. 1. What is National R&D? “     Increasing  the  fluidity  of  technology  and  infor ins7tu7ons.   ma7on  flows  among  people,  enterprises  and                                                            ”   è To enhance the innovative performance and overall com petitiveness in a country. •  Source : “National Innovation Systems”, 1997, OECD.OSGeo Korean Chapter 3 Shin, Sanghee(
  4. 4. 2. Understanding R&D Circumstances §  Traditional Approach Inputs Outputs -  R&D Funds R&D Process -  Patents -  Human -  Publications Resources è ‘Linear Model of Innovation’ that more focus on Inputs & Outputs.OSGeo Korean Chapter 4 Shin, Sanghee(
  5. 5. 2. Understanding R&D Circumstances §  Traditional Linear Approach Linear Basic Explore Idea Design, Develop, Producing Marketing Model Research New Ideas Evaluation Test High Cost Uncertainty R&D Characteristics High RiskOSGeo Korean Chapter 5 Shin, Sanghee(
  6. 6. 2. Understanding R&D Circumstances §  Low R&D Success Rate Total R&D Investment 100% Failed R&D 60% Commercialized R&D 40% §  Only 40% of R&D Projects is commercialized in spite of high R&D investment §  In total only 24% of R&D Projects make a penny Non-Profitable Profitable §  R&D success rate has continuously been lowered down due to 40% 60% shortened life cycle of products & technologyOSGeo Korean Chapter 6 Shin, Sanghee(
  7. 7. 2. Understanding R&D Circumstances §  R&D Cost Curve R&D Valley of Death Sea of Darwin •  Source : Osawa and Miyazaki, 2006OSGeo Korean Chapter 7 Shin, Sanghee(
  8. 8. 2. Understanding R&D Circumstances §  Changes on R&D Model Universities R&D Process National Enterprises R&D Center è Interactions among actors involved in technology devel opment are as important as investments in R&DOSGeo Korean Chapter 8 Shin, Sanghee(
  9. 9. 2. Understanding R&D Circumstances §  Changes on R&D Model Research Development Business From traditional R&D model To D&B Model Research Development Business ConnectOSGeo Korean Chapter 9 Shin, Sanghee(
  10. 10. 3. Innovation Models §  Closed Innovation Inside R&D Ecosystem Technology Innovation New Increased Technology R&D New Investment Product Revenue & Profit Increase •  Source : Henry Chesbrough, 2003OSGeo Korean Chapter 10 Shin, Sanghee(
  11. 11. 3. Innovation Models §  Closed Innovation Closed § Designed and developed by nation inside or firm inside § Leverage inside knowledge, intellectual property, experiences In-House Development § Idling knowledge, limitations of leveraging outside knowledge Leverage own knowledge è What if outcomes of long R&D could not meet fast chan ging market needs?OSGeo Korean Chapter 11 Shin, Sanghee(
  12. 12. 3. Innovation Models §  7 Challenges in 21st Century Economic Technology Recession Oversupply Doing More Market with Less Uncertainty Technology Global Paradox Competition Everybody InnovatesOSGeo Korean Chapter 12 Shin, Sanghee(
  13. 13. 3. Innovation Models §  Open Innovation 1 End of Knowledge Monopoly Era 2 Mobility of Skilled Person & Technology 3 Increased R&D Cost and Shortened Life Cycle•  Source : Henry Chesbrough, 2003OSGeo Korean Chapter 13 Shin, Sanghee(
  14. 14. 3. Innovation Models §  Open Innovation Internal Resources Quick & Efficient Development External Resources è  Leverage smart people inside & outside of the nation!OSGeo Korean Chapter 14 Shin, Sanghee(
  15. 15. 3. Innovation Models §  Open Innovation Open § Designed and developed with other outside partners § Inside knowledge + outside knowledge Collaborative Development § Cost reduction, increase innovation capabilities, shortened response time to market change Leverage others knowledge too è So, how to apply open innovation to National R&D while keeping a National interest?OSGeo Korean Chapter 15 Shin, Sanghee(
  16. 16. 4. Korean Cases §  National GIS R&D Investment by NGIS Plan In Million KRW 45,000   40,000   35,000   30,000   1st NGIS : 18.5M US$ 25,000   2nd NGIS : 20.0M US$ 20,000   15,000   3rd NGIS : 144.7M US$ 10,000   Total 183.2M US$ 5,000   0   1995   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   è Vision : Development of world class GeoSpatial techno logy and new growth engineOSGeo Korean Chapter 16 Shin, Sanghee(
  17. 17. 4. Korean Cases §  Goal of Technology Development at each NGIS Phase Phase I Phase II Phase III - Mapping Technology - 3D GIS - Intelligent Land - DBMS Technology - High Resolution Information SW - General GIS SW Remote Sensing SW - Ubiquitous GISOSGeo Korean Chapter 17 Shin, Sanghee(
  18. 18. 4. Korean Cases §  Projects & Outcomes of Technology Development at NGIS Phase I Institution in Title Period Charge 1. DBMS Independent GIS Basic S/W - GIS API Development - GIS Analysis S/W Development - GIS Operation S/W Development - GIS User Interface Technology Development 2. Mapping Technology Development - Data acquisition and modification S/W development - Data processing and three-dimensional topographic S/W development - Map printing and map design automation S/W development 1995 Ministry of 3. DB Tool ~ Science and - Spatial object management system development 1999 Technology - Spatial object storage system development - RDBMS Interface development - OODBMS Interface development 4. GIS System Integration - System integration development - GIS advanced technology monitoring and spread - Public facility management GIS application software development - GIS data editing and integrated management technology development - Internet environment three-dimensional spatial analysis S/W developmentOSGeo Korean Chapter 18 Shin, Sanghee(
  19. 19. 4. Korean Cases §  Projects & Outcomes of Technology Development at NGIS Phase II Institution in Title Period Charge 1999~ 1. Open GIS component technology development 2001 2000~ 2. 3-dimensional GIS S/W technology development 2002 Ministry of Information 2001~ 3. High-precision satellite image processing technology development 2003 and Telecommunic ation 2001~ 4. Spatial information(4S)-connected technology support business 2003 2004~ 5. Multi-sensor spatial image information integration technology development 2006OSGeo Korean Chapter 19 Shin, Sanghee(
  20. 20. 4. Korean Cases §  Projects & Outcomes of Technology Development at NGIS Phase III Institution in Title Period Charge 1. Spatial information infrastructure innovation 2. Real-time territory monitoring Ministry of 2006 Land, Transpo ~ 3. Establishment of intelligent urban space information infrastructure 2010 rtation and Ma ritime Affairs 4. Realization of safe and convenient construction space 5. Induction of u-GIS standard and technologyOSGeo Korean Chapter 20 Shin, Sanghee(
  21. 21. 4. Korean Cases §  Applied Strategies to Develop GeoSpatial Technology 1. Utilizing Foreign Technology : ESRI, Intergraph, Etc. GeoSpatial Technology 2. Develop Own Technology : Mapping, DBMS, Etc Development 3. Mid Entry Strategy : Purchasing GOTHIC SW è Still around 70% of Korean GIS market is dominated by for eign technologies and little world class technologies!!OSGeo Korean Chapter 21 Shin, Sanghee(
  22. 22. 4. Korean Cases §  Ideal NGIS R&D Model Government RoyalEes Research  Fund Company   Research  Inst.   University Revenue  &  Profits Products  &  Tech  Selling Market  &  CustomersOSGeo Korean Chapter 23 Shin, Sanghee(
  23. 23. 4. Korean Cases §  Realities NGIS Products Market Success R&D R&D Lack of interactions R&D R&D NGIS R&D R&D R&D Products Market Success R&D Source & documents only Repeated development, test•  Source : Prof. Kwangwoo Nam, 2012OSGeo Korean Chapter 24 Shin, Sanghee(
  24. 24. 4. Korean Cases §  Under Performances Government X Lack of flow X Lack of flow Research University Company Short-term based Institute No update & further development after R&D Hard to find outcomes of R&D GeoSpatial Market – What market should we target?OSGeo Korean Chapter 25 Shin, Sanghee(
  25. 25. 4. Korean Cases §  Questions Raised Q01 Haven’t we tried to develop all the technologies by ourselves so far? è  What if we applied Google’s Android model to NGIS R&D?OSGeo Korean Chapter 26 Shin, Sanghee(
  26. 26. 4. Korean Cases §  Questions Raised Q02 How to rejuvenate the stopped development for the people in need? è  Let’s pull out the source codes from the shelf!!OSGeo Korean Chapter 27 Shin, Sanghee(
  27. 27. 4. Korean Cases §  Questions Raised Q03 Can we hit multiple targets at the same time? è  Need to consider ‘Select & Focus’ strategy.OSGeo Korean Chapter 28 Shin, Sanghee(
  28. 28. 4. Korean Cases §  Implications from Korean Cases Implications 1 Closed R&D System - Try to develop almost all the technologies by Need to leverage outside technology and reso itself. urces to respond to fast changing market situ ations. 2 University & Research Inst. Centric - Heavily rely on traditional linear downstream Need to engage more enterprises’ request an R&D model. d enterprise itself in development system. 3 Ambiguous R&D Goal Need to address R&D and D&B separately. R -  Not clear whether it is R&D or D&B. Need to &D for basic research and D&B for commerci set clear goal. alization. 4 Need to set up platform to increase the flow of Hard to Reuse R&D Outcomes knowledge and dissemination of technology -  After R&D project period, finding & reusing R during & after R&D. &D outcomes is difficult.OSGeo Korean Chapter 29 Shin, Sanghee(
  29. 29. 5. Strategies §  Basic Concepts Inside-Out Strategy Select & Focus Strategy Outside-In StrategyOSGeo Korean Chapter 30 Shin, Sanghee(
  30. 30. 5. Strategies §  Inside-Out Strategy Inside-Out Strategy 1 Change previous R&D outcomes to open source § Encourage to change previous R&D outcomes to ‘Dual License’ based open source § Let the technology flow to the people in need § ‘Technology in the Shelf’ doesn’t create any value 2 Need to Start Open Source Based R&D § Approach open source as a disruptive innovation § Participate in international open source GIS activities and lead the communities § This will increase the quality and interactions among actors!OSGeo Korean Chapter 31 Shin, Sanghee(
  31. 31. 5. Strategies §  Outside-In Strategy Outside-In Strategy Korean Situations Open Source GIS Strategies • Limited human resources • Internalize the outside resources • Limited R&D funds • Active adoption of Open Source GIS • Small & medium size GIS companies • Reduce GIS SW cost using Open Source GIS • Unable to target all the fields • Targeting professional fields • High dependency on proprietary GIS • Reduce the dependency on proprietary GISOSGeo Korean Chapter 32 Shin, Sanghee(
  32. 32. 5. Strategies §  Select & Focus Strategy Select & Focus Strategy 1 3 Targeting Cutting-Edge Technology Clear Discrimination between R&D, D&B - From Catch-up to Leap-frogging - Need to increase the commercialization capa bilities 2 4 Niche Market Strategy More Business Centric Policy Needed - Not only technology create values - Growth of business will create the virtuous cir cle of NGIS R&D Consider not only R&D itself but D&B as well!!OSGeo Korean Chapter 33 Shin, Sanghee(
  33. 33. 5. Strategies §  Proposed R&D System Firms NGIS R&D Activities Outside-In Inside-Out World Govnt Select & Focus Open Source Thinking(Open/Share/Participation) NGIS R&D Infrastructure R&D Inst.OSGeo Korean Chapter 34 Shin, Sanghee(
  34. 34. 6. Conclusions Open Innovation • Need to consider fast changing market & customers needs Strategy • Not future prediction, but increasing adaptabilities Inside-Out • Rejuvenate sleeping technology by changing it to open source Strategy • Let the technology flow to the people in need Outside-In • Need to actively embrace the open source GIS technology Strategy • Internalize the outside high-performance resources • Changing strategy from catch-up to leap-frogging Select & Focus • Need to target cutting-edge technology that could leverage hidden assets Strategy • Need to discriminate R&D and D&B • Every country has its own unique invisible assetsOSGeo Korean Chapter 35 Shin, Sanghee(
  35. 35. Thank you!! Q&A