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Open Education (Learning Tech Labs, October 2016)


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Presentation at Learning Tech Labs ( meetup (October 2016) on 'Open Education', which took place at Dublin City University ( and was hosted by National Institute for Digital Learning ( and ADAPT research centre (

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Open Education (Learning Tech Labs, October 2016)

  1. 1. Open Education Enda Donlon (@donenda) Image: (CC0)
  2. 2. Outline WHAT? WHY? HOW? Image: (CC0)
  3. 3. “It is probably a mistake to talk about openness as if it is one unified approach; rather, it is an umbrella term” (Weller, 2014, p. 29) Image: (CC0)
  4. 4. what do we think of when we hear the word ‘open’ ?
  5. 5. Open = “ACCESS” [?] Image: (CC0)
  6. 6. Open = “FREE” [?] Image: (CC0)
  7. 7. Open = “SHARING” [?] Image: (CC0)
  8. 8. Open = “TRANSPARENT” [?] Image: (CC0)
  9. 9. Open = “FLEXIBLE” [?] Image: (CC0)
  10. 10. Open = “DIALOGUE” [?] Image: (CC0)
  11. 11. “... a way of carrying out education, often using digital technologies. Its aim is to widen access and participation to everyone by removing barriers and making learning accessible, abundant, and customisable for all. It offers multiple ways of teaching and learning, building and sharing knowledge. It also provides a variety of access routes to formal and non- formal education, and connects the two…” Inamorato dos Santos et. al, 2016 Image: (CC0) “Opening Up Education”
  12. 12. OPEN... Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) Open Educational Resources (OERs) Open Educational Practice (OEP) Open Scholarship Open Access Publishing Open Licensing Open Textbooks Open Data Image: (CC0)
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  15. 15. “...not a simple binary concept; rather, the construct of openness is rich and multidimensional. To use an analogy, openness is not like a light switch that is either ‘on’ or ‘off’. Rather, it is like a dimmer switch, with varying degrees of openness…” Hilton III et. all, 2010, p. 38 Image: (CC0)
  16. 16. Wiley (2014): 5Rs Redistribute the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g.: give a copy of the content to a friend) Source: Retain the right to make, own, and control copies of the content Reuse the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g.: in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video) Revise the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g.: translate the content into another language) Remix the right to combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new (e.g.: incorporate the content into a mashup)
  17. 17. Image: 04/OEL-Continuum-of-Openness_web.pdf
  18. 18. Open Access Publishing Green The author places the article on their own site or the institution’s repository Gold The publisher charges a fee to make the article openly available Platinum The journal operates for free “Open access publishing has been growing steadily in acceptance as not only a valid, but rather the best model of disseminating research publications... perhaps the most recognisable aspect of how scholarly activity is adapting to the opportunities afforded by digital and networked technology. ” (Weller, 2014, p.7) Image: (CC0)
  19. 19. “Other practices form what is termed open scholarship and include sharing individual resources such as presentations, podcasts and bibliographies; social media engagement through blogs, twitter and other routes; and generally more open practices, such as pre- publishing book chapters, open reviews and open research methods. The latter can include the use of approaches such as crowdsourcing and social media analysis, which rely on openness to succeed. Open scholarship is also providing new avenues for public engagement as academics create online identities that previously would have necessitated a broadcast intermediary to establish” Weller, 2014, p.7 Open Scholarship Image: (CC0)
  20. 20. Open Scholarship
  21. 21. “Ed-tech must not be about building digital walls around students and content and courses. We have, thanks to the Web, an opportunity to build connections, build networks, not walls. Let’s move beyond the LMS, back to and forward to an independent Web and let’s help our students take full advantage of it.” Audrey Watters, 2014 ( Image: (CC0)
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  23. 23. Open Textbooks Image: (CC0)
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  26. 26. Increasing Focus on OERs Mid-range trend: 3-5 years) Open Content Time to adoption: 2-3 years
  27. 27. Recommendation 3: • “Institutions will adopt open education principles with regard to teaching and learning resources and practices” • “Open educational resources will be developed and shared nationally through institutional or shared repositories”
  28. 28. UNESCO World Open Educational Resources Congress (Paris, 2012): OER Declaration • Foster awareness and use of OER • Facilitate enabling environments for use of ICTs • Reinforce the development of strategies and policies on OER • Promote the understanding and use of open licensing frameworks • Support capacity building for the sustainable development of quality learning materials • Foster strategic alliances for OER • Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety of languages and cultural contexts • Encourage research on OER • Facilitate finding, retrieving and sharing of OER • Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced with public funds
  29. 29. The Last Word… “Openness is the only means of doing education … if there is no sharing, there is no education…” Video: