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Reported by:
Emma H. Palco,RN
•Dorothy E. Johnson
was born August
21, 1919, in
Savannah, Georgia.
•B. S. N. from
Vanderbilt University in
Nashville, Ten...
•From 1949 till retirement in 1978
she was an assistant professor of
pediatric nursing, an associate
professor of nursing,...
Behavior
system
model
•Dorothy first proposed her
model of nursing care in 1968
as fostering of “the efficient
and effective behavioral
function...
She defined nursing as
“an external regulatory
force which acts to
preserve the organization
and integration of the
patien...
Four goals of nursing are to assist the patient:
1.Whose behavior commensurate with social demands.
2. Who is able to modi...
There are several layers
of assumptions that
Johnson makes in the
development of
conceptualization of the
behavioral syste...
Assumptions about system
There are 4 assumptions of system
1. First, there is “organization, interaction,
interdependency and integration of the parts
and elements of behaviors that...
1. DRIVE OR GOAL
The ultimate consequence of behavior.
2. SET
Tendency or predisposition
to act in a certain way
•PREPARATORY- What a
person usually attend to.
•PERSEVERATION/
PERSEVER...
3. ACTION
The beahvior of an individual
THE 3 FUNCTIONAL
REQUIREMENTS
From noxious influence with
which system cannot cope
Through the aspect of
appropriate supplies.
To enhance growth and prevent
stagnation.
PROTECTION
NURTURANCE
SIMULATION
Johnson’s Behavioral
Subsystem
1.Attachment or affiliative
subsystem
social inclusion intimacy and the
formation and attachment of a strong social
bond.
2.Dependency subsystem
approval, attention or
recognition and physical
assistance
3. Ingestive subsystem
the emphasis is on the meaning
and structures of the social
events surrounding the occasion
when th...
4. Eliminative subsystem
human cultures have
defined different socially
acceptable behaviors for
excretion of waste ,but
t...
5. Sexual subsystem
both biological and
social factor affect the
behavior in the sexual
subsystem
6. Aggressive subsystem
it relates to the behaviors
concerned with protection and self
preservation Johnson views
aggressi...
7. Achievement subsystem
provokes behavior that
attempt to control the
environment
intellectual, physical, creative, me
ch...
Goal ----- Set --- Choice of Behavior --- Behavior
* PERSON
As behavioral system with patterned,
repetitive and purposeful ways of bahaving that
link the person with environment.
* HEALTH
As an elusive, dynamic state influence
by biological, psycho;ogical and social
factors.
* ENVIRONMENT
All the factors that are not part
of the individuals behavioral system
but that influence the system.
* NURSING
Is an external force thatacts to
preserve the organization and
integration of the patients’ behavior
to an optimal level b...
TWO MAJOR SYSTEM
MEDICINE’S FOCUS
NURSING’S FOCUS
THANK YOU!
Dorothy johnson by Emma Palco
Dorothy johnson by Emma Palco
Dorothy johnson by Emma Palco
Dorothy johnson by Emma Palco
Dorothy johnson by Emma Palco
Dorothy johnson by Emma Palco
Dorothy johnson by Emma Palco
Dorothy johnson by Emma Palco
Dorothy johnson by Emma Palco
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Dorothy johnson by Emma Palco

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Dorothy johnson by Emma Palco

  1. 1. Reported by: Emma H. Palco,RN
  2. 2. •Dorothy E. Johnson was born August 21, 1919, in Savannah, Georgia. •B. S. N. from Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1942; and her M.P.H. from Harvard University in Boston in 1948.
  3. 3. •From 1949 till retirement in 1978 she was an assistant professor of pediatric nursing, an associate professor of nursing, and a professor of nursing at the University of California in Los Angeles. •Johnson stressed the importance of research-based knowledge about the effect of nursing care on clients.
  4. 4. Behavior system model
  5. 5. •Dorothy first proposed her model of nursing care in 1968 as fostering of “the efficient and effective behavioral functioning in the patient to prevent illness". •She also stated that nursing was “concerned with man as an integrated whole and this is the specific knowledge of order we require”. • In 1980 Johnson published her conceptualization of “behavioral system of model for nursing”where she explains her definitions of the behavioral system model.
  6. 6. She defined nursing as “an external regulatory force which acts to preserve the organization and integration of the patients behaviors at an optimum level under those conditions in which the behaviors constitutes a threat to the physical or social health, or in which illness is found”
  7. 7. Four goals of nursing are to assist the patient: 1.Whose behavior commensurate with social demands. 2. Who is able to modify his behavior in ways that it supports biological imperatives. 3. Who is able to benefit to the fullest extent during illness from the physicians knowledge and skill. 4. Whose behavior does not give evidence of unnecessary trauma as a consequence of illness .
  8. 8. There are several layers of assumptions that Johnson makes in the development of conceptualization of the behavioral system model viz. * Assumptions about system * Assumptions about structure * Assumptions about functions
  9. 9. Assumptions about system
  10. 10. There are 4 assumptions of system
  11. 11. 1. First, there is “organization, interaction, interdependency and integration of the parts and elements of behaviors that go to make up the system ” 2. A system “tends to achieve a balance among the various forces operating within and upon it', and that man strive continually to maintain a behavioral system balance and steady state by more or less automatic adjustments and adaptations to the natural forces impinging upon him.” 3.A behavioral system, which both requires and results in some degree of regularity and constancy in behavior, is essential to man that is to say, it is functionally significant in that it serves a useful purpose, both in social life and for the individual. 4.Last, “system balance reflects adjustments and adaptations that are successful in some way and to some degree.”.
  12. 12. 1. DRIVE OR GOAL
  13. 13. The ultimate consequence of behavior.
  14. 14. 2. SET
  15. 15. Tendency or predisposition to act in a certain way •PREPARATORY- What a person usually attend to. •PERSEVERATION/ PERSEVERATIVE- The habits that one maintain in a situation. •CHOICE- Represent the behavior a patient sees herself as being able to use in any given situation.
  16. 16. 3. ACTION
  17. 17. The beahvior of an individual
  18. 18. THE 3 FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS
  19. 19. From noxious influence with which system cannot cope
  20. 20. Through the aspect of appropriate supplies.
  21. 21. To enhance growth and prevent stagnation.
  22. 22. PROTECTION NURTURANCE SIMULATION
  23. 23. Johnson’s Behavioral Subsystem
  24. 24. 1.Attachment or affiliative subsystem social inclusion intimacy and the formation and attachment of a strong social bond.
  25. 25. 2.Dependency subsystem approval, attention or recognition and physical assistance
  26. 26. 3. Ingestive subsystem the emphasis is on the meaning and structures of the social events surrounding the occasion when the food is eaten
  27. 27. 4. Eliminative subsystem human cultures have defined different socially acceptable behaviors for excretion of waste ,but the existence of such a pattern remains different from culture to Culture.
  28. 28. 5. Sexual subsystem both biological and social factor affect the behavior in the sexual subsystem
  29. 29. 6. Aggressive subsystem it relates to the behaviors concerned with protection and self preservation Johnson views aggressive subsystem as one that generates defensive response from the individual when life or territory is being threatened
  30. 30. 7. Achievement subsystem provokes behavior that attempt to control the environment intellectual, physical, creative, me chanical and social skills achievement are some of the areas that Johnson recognizes
  31. 31. Goal ----- Set --- Choice of Behavior --- Behavior
  32. 32. * PERSON
  33. 33. As behavioral system with patterned, repetitive and purposeful ways of bahaving that link the person with environment.
  34. 34. * HEALTH
  35. 35. As an elusive, dynamic state influence by biological, psycho;ogical and social factors.
  36. 36. * ENVIRONMENT
  37. 37. All the factors that are not part of the individuals behavioral system but that influence the system.
  38. 38. * NURSING
  39. 39. Is an external force thatacts to preserve the organization and integration of the patients’ behavior to an optimal level by means of emposing temporary regulatory control mechanism.
  40. 40. TWO MAJOR SYSTEM
  41. 41. MEDICINE’S FOCUS
  42. 42. NURSING’S FOCUS
  43. 43. THANK YOU!

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