Asthma lym


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  • Asthma lym

    1. 1. Asthma- Eman youssif
    2. 2. The content Definition of asthma Asthma crisis Test for asthma immunotherapy
    3. 3. Discovery of asthma Hippocrates of Cos, the famous ancient Greek physician. He is also generally known as Hippocrates. In the history of medicine, he is considered as one of the most significant contributors to the field of medicine. He is also widely known as the “Father of Medicine”. He is credited to be the first person who believed diseases are not caused by Gods or any other superpower but are a result of natural causes.
    4. 4. Asthma facts Asthma can develop at any age but usually begins during the first few years of life. Asthma varies from one person to another and can change over time. Some people experience more severe symptoms more often than others. There are three levels of asthma: mild, moderate and severe, but anyone can experience a severe attack. Treatment can vary from person to person.
    5. 5. Causes of asthma: Airway and chest infections – Upper respiratory infections, which affect the upper airways, are often caused by cold and flu viruses and are a common trigger of asthma. Allergens – Pollen, dust mites, animal fur or feathers, for example, can trigger asthma. Airborne irritants – Cigarette smoke, chemical fumes and atmospheric pollution may trigger asthma. Medicines – The class of painkillers called non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including aspirin and ibuprofen, can trigger asthma for some people, although are fine for most. Children under 16 years of age should not be given aspirin. Emotional factors – Asthma can be triggered by emotional factors, such as stress or laughing.
    6. 6. Foods containing sulphites – Sulphites are naturally occurring substances found in some food and drink. They are also sometimes used as a food preservative. Food and drinks high in sulphites include concentrated fruit juice, jam, prawns and many processed or pre- cooked meals. Most people with asthma do not have this trigger, but some may. Certain wines can also trigger asthma in susceptible people. Weather conditions – A sudden change in temperature, cold air, windy days, poor air quality and hot, humid days are all known triggers for asthma. Indoor conditions – Mould or damp, house dust mites and chemicals in carpets and flooring materials may trigger asthma. Exercise – Sometimes, people with asthma find their symptoms are worse when they exercise. Food allergies – Although uncommon, some people may have allergies to nuts or other food items, known as an anaphylactic reaction. If so, these can trigger severe asthma attacks.
    7. 7. What happens during an asthma attack? the bands of muscles around the airways tighten there is increased inflammation in the linings of the airways, which swell the airways produce sticky mucus or phlegm, which can cause them to narrow further The passages of the airways narrow, making it more difficult for the air to pass through and therefore more difficult to breathe. This can cause the characteristic wheezy noise, although not everyone with asthma will wheeze. In a life-threatening attack, there may not be a wheezy sound. An asthma attack can happen at any time. However there are usually warning signs for a couple of days before. These include symptoms getting worse, especially during the night, and needing to use the reliever inhaler more and more.
    8. 8. When to seek emergency medical treatment Seek medical attention right away if you have signs or symptoms of a serious asthma attack, which include: Severe breathlessness or wheezing, especially at night or in the early morning The inability to speak more than short phrases due to shortness of breath Having to strain your chest muscles to breathe Low peak flow readings when you use a peak flow meter
    9. 9. interview Your doctor will likely ask: What are your exact symptoms? When do they occur, and does anything specific seem to trigger them? Are you often exposed to tobacco smoke, chemical fumes, dust or other airborne irritants? Do you have hay fever or another allergic condition? Do you have any blood relatives with asthma, hay fever, or other allergies? What health problems do you have? What medications or herbal supplements do you take? (Many medications can trigger asthma.) What is your occupation? Do you have pet birds or raise pigeons? (In some people, exposure to birds can cause asthma-like symptoms.)
    10. 10. Physical exam Your doctor may: Examine your nose, throat and upper airways (upper respiratory tract). Use a stethoscope to listen to your breathing. Wheezing — high-pitched whistling sounds when you breathe out — is one of the main signs of asthma. Examine your skin for signs of allergic conditions such as eczema and hives.
    11. 11. Test for asthma Lung Function Tests Spirometry is a simple breathing test that measures how much and how fast you can blow air out of your lungs. It is often used to determine the amount of airway obstruction you have.
    12. 12. Chest X-Ray Your doctor may perform an X-ray exam on you in order to see the structures inside your chest, including the heart, lungs, and bones. By viewing your lungs, your doctor can see if asthma is likely to be causing your symptoms.
    13. 13. Advise to you-check up Skin Prick test: pricking the skin with a needle or pin containing a small amount of the allergen. Skin Scratch test: a deep dermic scratch is performed with help of the blunt botton of a lancet.
    14. 14. references Website: 20034148-attack/basics/causes/con-conditions/asthma -can-library/immunotherapy-treatments/library/allergy relief.aspx-lasting-provide
    15. 15. Contact ##