Alzheimer’s disease and treatment
Eman youssif
Medical research institute2013
The content:
*structure of the brain
*risk factors
*mechanism of Alzheimer’s disease
*symptoms
*treatment
Hearing Words Speaking Words Seeing Words Thinking
structure
Hippocampus:
where short-term
memories are
converted to long-
term memories
Continue introduction
Proteins present normally in the brain
Risk factors
1-genetic factor
2- environmental
factor
3- age
4-life style
medication
smoking
Sleep deprivation
Depression and stress
Nutritional deficiency
Mechanism of Alzheimer’s disease
video
Accumulation of beta amyloid
TAU protein
Change of the brain
Affected regions begin to shrink as nerve cells die.
Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease
Stage 1 (Mild) 2 to 4 years
depression
Less energetic Getting lost
Repetitive
questions an...
Stage 2
Stage 2
(Moderate):
2 to 10 years
Forget recent
events and their
personal history
More disoriented
and disconnecte...
Stage 3
Stage 3 (Severe):
1 to 3 years during final
stage
lose the ability to feed
themselves, speak, recognize
people and...
Stage 3 =memory loss
Treatment for stage 1
Stay calm and be
understanding.
Be patient and flexible. Don’t
argue or try to convince.
Acknowledge...
Treatment for stage 1
Music therapy
In Alzheimer disruption of waves
so music can alter this disruption
So the result change the mood
treatment the first stage of Alzheimer
Treatment for stage 2
Color therapy
drugs
Donepezil ,rivastigmine and galantamine
Increase communication between the nerve cells
Temporarily improve or stabil...
Finally advise to you
Advise to you
references
Books:
1-Strategies for creating better care environment
Bib Alex
2-the encyclopedia of ALZ.. Disease –bib Alex...
Alzheimer’s disease and treatment
Alzheimer’s disease and treatment
Alzheimer’s disease and treatment
Alzheimer’s disease and treatment
Alzheimer’s disease and treatment
Alzheimer’s disease and treatment
Alzheimer’s disease and treatment
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Alzheimer’s disease and treatment

526 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
526
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
25
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • introduction
  • Thalamus: receives sensory and limbic information and sends to cerebral cortexHypothalamus: monitors certain activities and controls body’s internal clockLimbic system: controls emotions and instinctive behavior (includes the hippocampus and parts of the cortex)Brain Stem – connects the spinal cord with the brainrelays and receives messages to and from muscles, skin, and other organscontrols automatic functions such as heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing
  • الاصوات المختلفة لها ترددات مختلفة تخزن ف الذاكرة ف ناس بتفتكر الشخص عن طريق الصوت هو ازاى اصوات مختلفة بتحتفظ ف الذاكرة وبسترجعها زى صوت موسيقى صوت حد اعرفه
  • الصوت لما بيدخل بيتحول الى نبضات كهربية
  • Tau ................ الخلية عاملة زى الشجرةFunction of TAUStabilization and assembly of microtubuleVesicles transport
  • وجدواااااا ان اول منطقة بيحصل فيها الميكانزم ده هى المنطقة الخاصة بالذاكرة
  • Between 70 to 90% of people with AD eventually develop behavioral symptoms, including sleeplessness, anger, depression, and hallucinations
  • بتدخل ع المناطق الاخرى
  • كأنه بيبى لا يتذكر شيئااااااااااااااا
  • اهم علاج التعامل النفسى مع المريض
  • According to the American Music Therapy Association, “Music Therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program.”Simply put, we use music to make your life better. Whether you need help socially, cognitively, physically, emotionally, or developmentally, music can help you get better…and music therapists are well-trained on how to do that.What’s more interesting, though, is why it works. When used properly, music can be an incredibly powerful treatment tool. And not just because it’s fun, relaxing, and motivating, but because music has a profound impact on our brains and our bodies
  • Normalllllllllllllllllllly تجربةIf u turn on radio wave lenghheadphone and computer recorderu listen by 2 earsif u had a 400 HZ tone in one earif u had 404 HZ in the otheru wouid receive a third tone of 4 HZ
  • الطبيعى الموجات دى موجودة بس عند مريض الزهايمر متلخبطة شوية وعشان كدة الموسيقى بتظبط المود
  • The National Institute on Aging(NIA )is launching a new research partnership, called the Neuroimaging and Biomarkers of AD Initiative, to study how the brain changes in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and AD. Using MRIs conducted at regular intervals, researchers hope to learn precisely when and where in the brain problems occur. Researchers will also examine blood samples to check for higher levels of abnormal substances that could be considered “biomarkers” of AD.
  • عين الجمل
  • Alzheimer’s disease and treatment

    1. 1. Alzheimer’s disease and treatment Eman youssif Medical research institute2013
    2. 2. The content: *structure of the brain *risk factors *mechanism of Alzheimer’s disease *symptoms *treatment
    3. 3. Hearing Words Speaking Words Seeing Words Thinking
    4. 4. structure Hippocampus: where short-term memories are converted to long- term memories
    5. 5. Continue introduction
    6. 6. Proteins present normally in the brain
    7. 7. Risk factors 1-genetic factor 2- environmental factor 3- age
    8. 8. 4-life style medication smoking Sleep deprivation Depression and stress Nutritional deficiency
    9. 9. Mechanism of Alzheimer’s disease video
    10. 10. Accumulation of beta amyloid
    11. 11. TAU protein
    12. 12. Change of the brain Affected regions begin to shrink as nerve cells die.
    13. 13. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease Stage 1 (Mild) 2 to 4 years depression Less energetic Getting lost Repetitive questions and conversations Losing things or misplacing them in odd places Noticeable changes in personality or mood
    14. 14. Stage 2 Stage 2 (Moderate): 2 to 10 years Forget recent events and their personal history More disoriented and disconnected from reality Speech problems arise and understanding Reading and writing are more difficult
    15. 15. Stage 3 Stage 3 (Severe): 1 to 3 years during final stage lose the ability to feed themselves, speak, recognize people and control bodily functions. Their memory worsens and may become almost non- existent. They will sleep often.
    16. 16. Stage 3 =memory loss
    17. 17. Treatment for stage 1 Stay calm and be understanding. Be patient and flexible. Don’t argue or try to convince. Acknowledge requests and respond to them
    18. 18. Treatment for stage 1 Music therapy
    19. 19. In Alzheimer disruption of waves so music can alter this disruption
    20. 20. So the result change the mood treatment the first stage of Alzheimer
    21. 21. Treatment for stage 2 Color therapy
    22. 22. drugs Donepezil ,rivastigmine and galantamine Increase communication between the nerve cells Temporarily improve or stabilize the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease
    23. 23. Finally advise to you
    24. 24. Advise to you
    25. 25. references Books: 1-Strategies for creating better care environment Bib Alex 2-the encyclopedia of ALZ.. Disease –bib Alex 3-designing for Alzheimer’s disease-bib Alex web site: http://www.alz.org/aaic/overview.asp?gclid=CLyHlciwir0CFeFZ2wodAxUASA http://www.alzheimers.org.uk/site/scripts/documents_info.php?documentID=147 http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/alzheimers-disease/basics/causes/con-20023871 http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/publication/alzheimers-disease-genetics-fact-sheet http://www.nature.com/nrn/posters/ad/index.html http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10653281 http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0013812 http://med.stanford.edu/news_releases/2007/july/music.html http://www.health.harvard.edu/newsweek/Preventing_memory_loss.htm Lectures:: Neurology lec. By prof .dr .Mohamed B. Abou – Donia –December 2013 Apoptosis course –medical research institute Photo reference: http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5286/5247137377_bb8a214e5f.jpg

    ×