History• Jewelry is one of the oldest forms of body adornment.• The first pieces of jewelry were made from natural materials, such as bone, animal teeth, shell, wood and carved stone.
Jewelry Uses• Currency: wealth display & storage• Function: clasps, pins & buckles• Symbolism: to show membership or status – Examples: Christian crucifix, Jewish Star of David, wedding rings• Protection: amulets & magical wards• Artistic Display: just for looks or showing one’s style – Jewelry has always been artistic, but this use took primacy over wealth and function starting in the late 19th century
Types of Jewelry• High-Quality Jewelry: made with gemstones and precious metals, such as silver or gold• Art Jewelry: design and creativity are prized above material value• Costume Jewelry: less costly due to being mass-produced from lower value materials
Seed Bead Jewelry• Smallest type of beads used to create jewelry• Embroidery Technique: seed beads are sewn or “woven” onto a fabric backing
Materials & Tools• Thread: Nymo (nylon), wire, braided thread• Crimp Beads: soft metal bead that is crimped around the wire to hold a clasp in place.• Crimp Pliers: used to attach crimp beads
Materials & Tools• Beading Needles: thin and bendable• Decorative Beads: seed beads, wooden beads, etc.• “Findings”: hardware needed to finish a piece of jewelry – Examples: Barrel clasps, crimp beads, earring wires, etc.
Attaching A Crimp Bead• Two-step process used with beading wire• Using a crimp pliers, first crimp the bead around the wire using the hole closest to the handles• Then, fold the crimped bead back onto itself using the hold closet to the tip of the pliers