Dairy PowerPoint

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Dairy PowerPoint

  1. 1. Dairy Products
  2. 2. Our most nearly perfect food! <ul><ul><ul><li>No other single food can substitute milk in diet and still give a person the same nutrients! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>___________________ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adults 2 cups} </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teenagers 4 cups} per day </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Children 3 cups} </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Nutrients <ul><ul><ul><li>Protein - builds and repairs muscle and body tissue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carbohydrates - energy and warmth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fats - energy, warmth, and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>vitamins A,D,E & K </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Nutrients <ul><ul><ul><li>Vitamins… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>D: builds bones and teeth </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A: aids growth, prevents night blindness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Riboflavin (Vitamin B2): regulates production of energy from fat, carbs, and protein </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minerals… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Good for strong bones and teeth </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Calcium & Phosphorus </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Calcium helps prevent osteoporosis </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Shopping Pointers <ul><ul><ul><li>Product name </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ingredients, if any are added </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pull Date - indicates that the milk should stay fresh 5 - 7 days after the date that is stamped on the carton </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Processing of Milk <ul><li>Pasteurization - the process of heating raw milk to at least 145  (or at 161  for at least 15 minutes) and then holding it there continuously for at least 30 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>The milk is then cooled promptly to 45  or lower </li></ul><ul><li>Improves milk’s keeping ability and kills bacteria </li></ul>
  7. 8. Processing of Dairy Products <ul><li>Fortified - is the addition of one or more vitamins, minerals, or proteins not already present in a food </li></ul><ul><li>Foods can also be “fortified” when there </li></ul><ul><li>are added nutrients that are already </li></ul><ul><li>naturally present </li></ul>
  8. 9. Forms of Milk <ul><ul><ul><li>Raw Milk - fresh, unpasteurized milk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>straight from the cow! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Whole Milk - high in milkfat </li></ul><ul><li>Lowfat Milk - labeled as lowfat, 1%, or 2% </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><ul><ul><li>Skim Milk - also known as nonfat milk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chocolate Milk - made by adding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>chocolate or cocoa and sweetener </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to 2% milk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buttermilk - made by adding a special bacterial culture to milk to produce the desirable acidity, body, flavor, and aroma </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Evaporated Milk - canned whole milk concentrate, prepared by evaporating enough water, under a vacuum, to reduce the volume by half Sweetened Condensed Milk - prepared like evaporated milk, but with added sugar Nonfat Dry Milk - obtained by removing water from pasteurized skim milk
  11. 12. <ul><ul><ul><li>Whipping Cream - the fat of whole milk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Half-and-Half - a blend of milk and cream </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sour Cream - cream that has been soured by lactic-acid bacteria </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yogurt - a cultured dairy product with a custard like consistency </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><ul><ul><li>Eggnog - a mixture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>of milk, eggs, sugar, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and cream </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Grades of Milk <ul><ul><ul><li>The grade of milk indicates its degree of sanitation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grade A - has the lowest bacterial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>count and is the grade sold in </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>retail stores </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grades B & C - are both safe and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>wholesome, but have a higher bacterial count </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. GOT MILK?

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