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Taxonomy of "Bahay Kubo" plants

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Taxonomy of "Bahay Kubo" plants

  1. 1. 1. SINGKAMAS Taxonomic Account Common name: Singkamas English name/s: Yam bean, Jicama, Potato bean Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Genus: Pachyrhizus Species: P. erosus Specific name: Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urb Economical Importance Pachyrrihizus is derived from the Greek word meaning "thick root.” Yam bean has been successfully introduced into Southeast Asian countries and is widely used as vegetable crops. This tuber is mainly known to be a source of starch. It also serves as green manures, forage for honey bees, and food for humans. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=26824  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Sinkamas.html  http://tolweb.org/notes/?note_id=3968  http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=QZZ5mN5KoNUC&pg=PA12&lpg=PA12&dq=economical+i mportance+of+yam+bean&source=bl&ots=z_fAhgm8Rz&sig=PpWTrKJJZicuRqRvH3MGdrWGH 5I&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Xs9GU928FMaiigev3oEY&ved=0CCYQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=economical %20importance%20of%20yam%20bean&f=false
  2. 2. 2. TALONG Taxonomic Account Common name: Talong English name/s: Eggplant Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Genus: Solanum Species: S. melongena Specific name: Solanum melongena (L.) Economical Importance Eggplant production accounts for 28% of the total volume of top vegetables grown in the country. In 2011, its value was the highest among the leading vegetables, amounting to 2.4 billion pesos at constant prices. The area devoted to eggplant production is estimated to be more than 20,000 hectares with small farms ranging from 0.5- 2.0 hectares in size. The average yield of eggplant per hectare in the Philippines is 10 tons, which is about half that of the average yield in Asia and the world. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=30446  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Talong.html  http://absp2.cornell.edu/projects/project.cfm?productid=2
  3. 3. 3. SIGARILYAS Taxonomic Account Common name: Sigarilyas English name/s: Winged bean Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Genus: Psophocarpus Species: P. tetragonolobus Specific name: Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC. Economical Importance Winged bean is rich in carbohydrates, edible oil (15-20%), and vitamin A (300-900 IU). Because of the similarity of the winged bean seed to the soy bean in chemical composition, interest has been expressed in duplicating many foods made from soy. The high nodulation and nitrogen fixing capacity of the winged bean have led to the suggestion that it can be used as a cover and cash crop in rubber and coconut plantations. It has proved particularly effective as a cover crop to protect the soil beneath plantation crops. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=506265  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Sigarilyas.html  http://www.academia.edu/4859434/The_Winged_Bean_A_Vegetable_Crop_of_Amazing_Potenti al_FOOD_VALUE_AND_ECONOMIC_IMPORTANCE
  4. 4. 4. MANI Taxonomic Account Common name: Mani English name/s: Peanut Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Genus: Arachis Species: A. hypogaea Specific name: Arachis hypogaea Linn Economical Importance Peanuts also play a role in the manufacture of many non-food items, such as lubricants, medicines, soaps and cosmetics. Leafy peanut vines provide high-protein feed for livestock, while the shells are used to make fireplace logs, mulch, particle board and fertilizer. Of the 300 products derived from peanuts, most are the result of research conducted by George Washington Carver during the early 1900s. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=26463  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Mani.html  http://www.ehow.com/facts_7914520_peanut-plant-important-economy.html
  5. 5. 5. SITAW Taxonomic Account Common name: Sitaw English name/s: String bean, Yard-long bean, Asparagus bean Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Genus: Vigna Species: V. unguiculata Specific name: Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Economical Importance The mature bean is often dried, stored, and can be cooked as a pulse or used as bean sprouts by soaking in water and allowing them to sprout. Yard-long bean can be harvested and sold fresh at local farmers’ markets or harvested and sold to local distributors. The large violet-blue flowers and draping pods make yard-long bean a useful ornamental in city parks, office buildings, and around homes. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=27018  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Sitaw.html  http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_viuns2.pdf
  6. 6. 6. BATAW Taxonomic Account Common name: Bataw English name/s: Hyacinth bean Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Genus: Lablab Species: L. purpureus Specific name: Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet Economical Importance Being palatable to livestock, it is an adequate source of much needed protein and can be utilized in several different ways. It can be grazed in a pasture setting or as a companion crop to maize, cut as hay, or mixed with corn silage. Lablab purpureus with its ability to out-yield conventional crops, especially during the dry season, and its enhanced nutritive value, is a fodder crop of great significance for the Tropics. It can be used as a cover crop. Its dense green cover during the dry season protects the soil against the action of the sun's rays and decreases erosion by wind or rain. As green manure it provides organic matter, minerals and fixes nitrogen into the soil thereby improving crop yields in an economic and environmentally friendly manner. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=503300  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Bataw.html  http://www.fao.org/livestock/agap/frg/lrrd/lrrd11/2/colu112.htm
  7. 7. 7. PATANI Taxonomic Account Common name: Patani English name/s: Lima bean, Java bean, Burma bean Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Genus: Phaseolus Species: P. lunatus Specific name: Phaseolus lunatus Linn. Economical Importance Lima bean can be cultivated as a food plant. It is toxic only under specific circumstances. The seeds can provoke a toxic effect. This pertains to certain Caribbean varieties. These plants contain the glucoside phaseolunatine and the enzyme linamarase. The toxic effect is less when cooked dry bean seeds are consumed instead of cooked green pods. Nitrogen-fixing root nodules render the species valuable for restoring soil fertility. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=26850  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Patani.html  http://eol.org/data_objects/26647786
  8. 8. 8. KUNDOL Taxonomic Account Common name: Kundol English name/s: Wax gourd, White gourd melon, Ash gourd, Winter melon Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Cucurbitales Family: Cucurbitaceae Genus: Benincasa Species: B. hispida Specific name: Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn. Economical Importance The winter melon has been reported to have been grown as a vegetable in China since 500 AD; even today, however, it is cultivated little outside of Asia. It was one of two cucurbit species identified by the National Academy of Sciences (1975) as being an underexploited tropical crop. Exhibiting relatively rapid growth, B. hispida grows best in temperate climates with adequate but not excessive rainfall. In Sri Lanka, the plant produces fruit from seed in two months during the rainy season. The distribution of staminate and pistillate flowers is influenced by temperature and day length. Plants may be grown recumbent or trellised. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=505894  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Kondol.html  https://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/proceedings1993/v2-538.html#CUCURBITS OF POTENTIAL ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE
  9. 9. 9. PATOLA Taxonomic Account Common name: Patola English name/s: Sponge gourd, Towel gourd, Chinese okra, Luffa Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Cucurbitales Family: Cucurbitaceae Genus: Luffa Species: L. acutangula Specific name: Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb. Economical Importance In foods, young luffa fruits are eaten as vegetables. When the mature fruit is allowed to dry, a fibrous, sponge-like structure remains. The fibers can be boiled in water, which is then used as medicine. Luffa is taken by mouth for treating and preventing colds. It is also used for nasal swelling and sinus problems. Some people use it for arthritis pain, muscle pain, and chest pain. Women use luffa to restore absent menstrual periods. Nursing mothers use it to increase milk flow. Sometimes, the whole luffa “sponge” is rubbed against the skin to remove dead skin and stimulate the skin. In cosmetics, powdered luffa is used in skin care products to reduce swelling and “detoxify” the skin. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=503569  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Patola.html  http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-194- LUFFA.aspx?activeIngredientId=194&activeIngredientName=LUFFA
  10. 10. 10. UPO Taxonomic Account Common name: Upo English name/s: Bottle gourd, Calabash gourd, Common gourd Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Cucurbitales Family: Cucurbitaceae Genus: Lagenaria Species: L. siceraria Specific name: Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. Economical Importance One of the commonest vegetables raised in the Philippines. The flesh is white and soft, boiled and seasoned or used in stews or with fish. The pulp is an ingredient in many confections. The fruit is a good source of iron, calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin B. In West Tropical Africa, young shoots, leaves, and flower buds used as vegetable. The shoots boiled with milk or coconut milk to reduce the unpleasant flavor. Young fruits should be consumed within 2 weeks after harvest. Longer storage causes rapid water loss. In Japan, long strips of fruit skin are boiled, soaked in soya sauce with a little sugar, and used as sushi ingredient. The dry shell of the fruit used for domestic utensils, bowls, pipes, bottles, horns or musical instruments. Half-fruit shell is used as a hat. Also used for smoking cannabis. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=22386  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Upo.html
  11. 11. 11. KALABASA Taxonomic Account Common name: Kalabasa English name/s: Squash Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Cucurbitales Family: Cucurbitaceae Genus: Cucurbita Species: C. maxima Specific name: Cucurbita maxima Duchesne Economical Importance Widely used as a vegetable in the Philippines, baked, boiled, or stewed. A vegetable is an excellent source of vitamin B. This fruit makes an excellent substitute for pumpkin in pies. Fruit pulp is often used as poultice for carbuncles, boils and ulcers. For venomous insect bites, the fruit stalk in contact with the ripe gourd is cut, dried, and made into a paste and applied to venomous insect bites, especially centipedes. Also the seed contains oil used for lighting. The fruit can provide a face-mask for dry skins. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=22369  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Kalabasa.html
  12. 12. 12. LABANOS Taxonomic Account Common name: Labanos English name/s: Radish Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Brassicales Family: Brassicaceae Genus: Raphanus Species: R. sativus Specific name: Raphanus sativus Linn. Economical Importance Radishes are used for food, for medicinal purposes, and in industry for their oil. Its sharp taste offers a unique culinary experience and today radishes are grown and consumed throughout the world. There are some radishes that are grown for their seeds; oilseed radishes are grown, as the name implies, for oil production. R. sativus are suggested as an alternative treatment for a variety of ailments including whooping cough, cancer, coughs, gastric discomfort, liver problems, constipation, dyspepsia, gallbladder problems, arthritis, gallstones, kidney stones, and intestinal parasites. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=23290  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Labanos.html  https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Radish
  13. 13. 13. MUSTASA Taxonomic Account Common name: Mustasa English name/s: Mustard Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Brassicales Family: Brassicaceae Genus: Brassica Species: B. juncea Specific name: Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. Economical Importance Mustard is used for some ornamentals and weeds. In medicinal uses, it contains factors that may prevent cancers, leaves used for rheumatism, toothaches, seeds for headache and tonic. Mustard oils can cause skin irritation and ulcers from both external application and consumption. The use of mustard oil for industrial purposes is limited on account of its high cost. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=23059  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Mustasa.html  http://botany.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/301Manhart/Dicots/Dillen/Bra/Bra.html  http://www.icexindia.com/profiles_html/mustard_seed.html
  14. 14. 14. SIBUYAS Taxonomic Account Common name: Sibuyas English name/s: Onion Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Asparagales Family: Amaryllidaceae Genus: Allium Species: A. cepa Specific name: Allim cepa L. Economical Importance Onion is the most important commercial spice crop grown in India and exported. Onion leaves and immature bulbs are consumed as vegetable. It is mixed in other vegetables and soups as spice and flavoring agent. It contains vitamin B and vitamin C and minerals Calcium and Iron. Allium cepa also has medicinal properties and used against ear- ache, colic pain etc. It is used for raw consumption, used in making sauce, ketch-up and chutnee. Dried onion chips and powder have great demand for export. The bubs obtained during seed production are feed to cattle or poultry. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=42720  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Sibuyas.html  http://agriinfo.in/default.aspx?page=topic&superid=1&topicid=1159
  15. 15. 15. KAMATIS Taxonomic Account Common name: Kamatis English name/s: Tomato Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Genus: Solanum Species: S. lycopersicum Specific name: Solanum lycopersicum Linn. Economical Importance Tomatoes are very popular vegetable grown in home gardens. They are nutritious vegetables that provide good quantities of vitamins A and C. Tomatoes are used in many cooking recipes or as a fresh item in combination with salads. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=521671  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Kamatis.html  https://www.msu.edu/~sindijul/Tomatoes%20in%20Kenya.htm
  16. 16. 16. BAWANG Taxonomic Account Common name: Bawang English name/s: Garlic Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Asparagales Family: Amaryllidaceae Genus: Allium Species: A. sativum Specific name: Allium sativum Linn. Economical Importance Garlic as well as being an essential condiment popular in the kitchen is the basis of certain culinary specialties every day more followers. It is used primarily in the consumption of semi-dry or dry bulbs, consumption in the form of dehydrated garlic, in pharmaceutical specialties, Green Consumption (young garlic), and other uses such as pickles, ornamental, etc. Globally there is an increase in both area and production, resulting from the release of the excellent qualities of garlic for health. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=42652  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Bawang.html  http://mainefoodandfarms.com/?p=734
  17. 17. 17. LUYA Taxonomic Account Common name: Luya English name/s: Ginger Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Zingiberales Family: Zingiberaceae Genus: Zingiber Species: Z. officinale Specific name: Zingiber officinale Roscoe Economical Importance Ginger is an important cash crop grown in India for its aromatic rhizomes. Raw ginger is used as spice. It has a medicinal value against cold. It is also used in the preparation of medicines and confectionery, as well as for preparation of sunt which has medicinal value. Ginger is exported to other countries which gives valuable foreign exchange. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=42402  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Luya.html  http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_economic_importance_of_ginger?#slide=2
  18. 18. 18. LINGA Taxonomic Account Common name: Linga English name/s: Sesame, Sesame seeds, Gingely-oil, Teel Kingdom: Plantae Division: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Lamiales Family: Pedaliaceae Genus: Sesamum Species: S. indicum Specific name: Sesamum indicum Linn. Economical Importance Sesame produces high-quality edible oil which is used for cooking and salad. Unlike other edible oils, sesame oil does not turn rancid. This desirable characteristic is due to the sesamolin in the oil, which on hydrolysis produces a strong antioxidant called sesamol. Sesame oil is colorless and odorless. The oil is used in improving the quality of vegetable oils. It is also used in medicine and the preparation of high-quality soaps. Sesame contains 22% protein, while sesame cake has 42% protein and is an excellent feed for cattle and laying hens. Sources  http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=34431  http://www.stuartxchange.com/Linga.html  http://agrihunt.com/pak-agri-outlook/2207-economic-importance-of-sesame.html

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