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Spanish grammer book


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Spanish grammer book

  1. 1. Mi Libro De Gratimatico Heli Tem
  2. 2. Table of Contents 3. Intro to Pred and Imp 4. Imperfect 5. Prederite 6. Formal Commands 7. Por and Para 8. Possessive adjectives and Pronouns 9. Subjunctive 10. Usas Expreciones de Subjunctive 11. Usted and Usteds / Emotion 12. Verbs of will and Influence 13. Subjunctive keys 14. Common Verbs 15. Doubt an Disbelief
  3. 3. Preterite and Imperfect • These are two different forms of the past tense in spanish. Neither of them are interchangeable. Preterite Actions views by the speaker. Express the beginning or end of past action In as series of events. Imperfect This is an ongoing past action. Other known as reoccurring and also describe emotional states.
  4. 4. Imperfect Tense Ar Er/Ir Aba Ia Abas Ias Abamos Iamos Abais Iaias Aban ian -Car (yo form) -que -Gar (yo form) -gue -Zae (yo form) -ce Cucaracha Tener- Tuve Estar- Estuve Ir- Fui Poner- Puse Poder- Pude Traje- Para Traer Hacer- Hice Haber- Hube Dicir- Dije Venir- Vine Ver- Vi Dar- Di Triggers: Frecuentemente Generalmente Muchas veces Mucho Siempre A menudo Ser/Ir Fui Fuiste Fue Fuimos Fueron Ver Vi Viste Vio Vimos Vieron
  5. 5. Preterite Cucaracha Tener- Tuve Estar- Estuve Ir- Fui Poner- Puse Poder- Pude Traje- Para Traer Hacer- Hice Haber- Hube Dicir- Dije Venir- Vine Ver- Vi Dar- Di -Car (yo form) -que -Gar (yo form) -gue -Zae (yo form) -ce Er/Ir Form Yo Tù el/ella Nosotros ellos/ellas -í - iste - iò - imos - ieron Cucaracha Ending: Yo -e Tù -iste Èl/ella -o Nosotros - imos Ellos/ellas - ieron Ser/Ir Fui Fuiste Fue Fuimos Fueron ar Form Yo tù él/ella Nosotros Ellos/elllas Ver Vi Viste Vio Vimos Vieron - è Aste O Amos Aron IR, SER, DAR, VER,AND HACER DON’T FOLLOW THE REGULAR RULE FOR VERBS
  6. 6. Formal Commands 1. Put the word in the ‘yo’ Irregular Formal Commands: form Infinitive Usted Ustedes dè den 2. Change to opposite vowel Dar Estar estè estèn 3. Figure if its (+) or (-) ir vaya vayan rd 4. Put an accent mark 3 Saber sepa sepan vowel from the end Ser sea sean 5. (-) object pronouns goes Verbs with irregualr “yo” forms stay before cong. Verb the same 6. If you add a syllable, must Sten changing verbs keep the stem change that has been made do this. To make anything negative you put a “no” infront of it
  7. 7. Por and Para These both mean “for” yet depending on which is used, It will change the meaning of the sentence so the difference is a must to know Por- goes through something motion or general location. Duration of action, object or a search, which something is done When giving an exact time ‘de’ is used instead of por. La manana and la noche Para- is used in Destination, Deadline or specific tine in the future, purpose or goal, the recipient of something, comparisons or opinions and employment • Camine por el parque- I walked through the park. • Camine para el parque- I walked towards the park
  8. 8. Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns -Short Form Mi(s) Nuestro (a/os/as) Tu(s) Vuestro (a/os/as) Su(s) Su -Long Form Mio(a)(s) Nuestro(a)(s) Tuyo(a)(s) Vuestro(a)(s) Suyo(a)(s) Suyos(a)(s) Pronouns To form a possessive pronoun-Use the long form of the possessive adjective -Add le la los las based on the gender and number of the noun
  9. 9. Subjunctive Express: - There are key things you look for in these type of 1.Will and influence sentences. 2.Emotion - The word “que” 3.Dout and Disbelief - Special verb(importante etc) - 2 clauses 4.Indefiniteness - The person the sentence is being referred to. When an action is taking place- based on the mood of speaker - Contains the indicative mood - That tells factual information Ar Er-Ir e a es as emos amos en an
  10. 10. Es malo que.. Es necesario que.. Unas Expresiones para el subjuntivo Es triste que… Es urgente que… Es bueno que Es importante que…
  11. 11. Usted y Ustedes (affermative) infinitive usted present subjunctive usted formal command ustedes present subjunctive ustedes formal command hablar hable hable hablen hablen comer coma coma coman coman vivir viva viva vivan vivan Commands are used when ordering, or telling someone to do something. This is often referred to as the "imperative" form of the verb. When expressing a sense of emotion, there is no change in the subject. This is where the infinitive form is used. Infinitive is used when there is no change in the subject If there is a change in the subject, then the subjunctive form is used Its optional to use the word “que” depending on the text
  12. 12. Insistitirto insist Importarto be important Rogar(o-ue) To beg; to plead Sugerir (e-ie) To suggest Aconsejarto advise Recomendar (e-ie)- to recommend Prohibirto prohibit
  13. 13. Subjunctive Keys 1 “ SPAAACE” 2 TWO different objects 3 The word “que” Ex: No juego a menos que juegues tambien S- sin que (without) P- para que (so that) A- a fin que ( so that A- antes de que (before) A- a menos que (unless) C- con tal de que (provided that) E- en caso de que ( in case)
  14. 14. COMMON VERBS Alegarse – to be happy Molestarto bother Es una làstimait’s a shame Sentirto regret or be sorry Tener Miedoto be afraid Es Estrañoits strange Es Terribleits terrible Temer- to be concerned Es ridículoits rediculous Gustar- to be pleasing Es tristeits sad Soprender - to surprise
  15. 15. Expressions of Doubt Doubt and Disbelief No dudar Dudar- to doubt Negar- to deny No es cierto- not true When there is a change in the subject, the subjunctive is used in the subordinate clause No negar Cierto The expression is followed by the indicative in affirmative sentences . Negative sentences are followed by the subj.