Mi Libro de la
Gramática

Emilia Stuchlik
Preterite
Uses :

A Snapshot in Time

-AR Endings
-ER / -IR Endings
Preterite Irregulars
Snakey Verbs

Cucaracha Verbs

Only change in the 3rd person
E-I
Preferir, Repetir, Venir, Servir
O-U...
Preterite Irregulars
Spock Verbs – 5 Odd Balls
Imperfect

Uses :

Continuous
Action

-ER / -IR Endings

Notice the
“yo” and
“usted “
endings
are the
same

-AR Endings
Irregulars in the Imperfect

SER

IR

VER
Interruption

Background/ Ongoing Action

Yo estaba en mi casa cuando Juan me
llamó

Preterite and Imperfect Together
Practice

Había
Nadamos
estaban

tomamos
Regresamos

almorzaban

leí

servía
.me dormí

llovía
Por
USES :
Para
USES :
Por and Para Change the Meaning of a
Sentence

Practice

m
.co
e
tub
u
.yo
w
/ww
:/
tps
ht

dlB
d0
f
?v=
h
atc
/w

Z

8
w1...
Must agree in
gender and number

http
s://
ww
w.y
out
ube
.c

om
/wa
tch
?v=

m4
qLU

HO
S

NF
s

Stressed Possessive Adje...
Stressed Possessive Adjectives
Pr eceded by
ar t i cl e,
i ndef i ni t e
ar t i cl e, or
dem
onst r at i ve
adj ect i ve

...
Pos

sess
i

ve P
r on
ou n
s
MAN
Ejemplos -

DATA

S FO
RMA
LES
Uds.
Ud. +

1) Drop the
final “o” in the
yo form
2) AR VERBS
Add –e or –en

th

E
IV
AT...
MANDATOS FORMALES
IRREGULARES

ir-(formal)to go
ser-(formal)
saber-(formal)to know
estar-(formal) to be
dar -(formal) to g...
EL SUBJUNTIVO
Used to express actions that are
uncertain or hypothetical
1) Will and Influence
2)Emotion
3)Doubt, disbelie...
EL SUBJUNTIVO CONT.
SAME
CONJUGATION
AS FORMAL
COMMANDS BUT
INCLUDES
NOSOTROS/YO
TRIGGER...

EJEMPLO -
Verbs of Will and Influence
Aconseja
rTo
advise

Importar To be
important
;to matter

Mandar To order
Prohibir
To
prohibit...
Subjunctive w/Verbs of Emotion
Subjunctive w/ Verbs of Doubt, Disbelief and Denial
Que significa

PERHAPS =
DOUBT
Used when there is a
change in subject
...
Subjunctive w/Conjunctions

Use the
subjunctive in
the subordinate
clause if the
main clause
expresses a
future action
or ...
EXTRA SUBJUNCTI VE

Keanu se alegra de
QUE la profe sea su
novia.

Irregulars
WEIRDOS
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Grammar Book SP3H

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Grammar Book SP3H

  1. 1. Mi Libro de la Gramática Emilia Stuchlik
  2. 2. Preterite Uses : A Snapshot in Time -AR Endings -ER / -IR Endings
  3. 3. Preterite Irregulars Snakey Verbs Cucaracha Verbs Only change in the 3rd person E-I Preferir, Repetir, Venir, Servir O-U https: // www.y outu eron be.co m /watch Dormir, Morir E-Y Leer, Creer ?v=iF UA WMM dE7c I-Y Oir
  4. 4. Preterite Irregulars Spock Verbs – 5 Odd Balls
  5. 5. Imperfect Uses : Continuous Action -ER / -IR Endings Notice the “yo” and “usted “ endings are the same -AR Endings
  6. 6. Irregulars in the Imperfect SER IR VER
  7. 7. Interruption Background/ Ongoing Action Yo estaba en mi casa cuando Juan me llamó Preterite and Imperfect Together
  8. 8. Practice Había Nadamos estaban tomamos Regresamos almorzaban leí servía .me dormí llovía
  9. 9. Por USES :
  10. 10. Para USES :
  11. 11. Por and Para Change the Meaning of a Sentence Practice m .co e tub u .yo w /ww :/ tps ht dlB d0 f ?v= h atc /w Z 8 w1 E
  12. 12. Must agree in gender and number http s:// ww w.y out ube .c om /wa tch ?v= m4 qLU HO S NF s Stressed Possessive Adjectives Placed after nouns they modify
  13. 13. Stressed Possessive Adjectives Pr eceded by ar t i cl e, i ndef i ni t e ar t i cl e, or dem onst r at i ve adj ect i ve Ar t i cl e + Noun + De + Pr onoun/ Noun “ El ” and “ La” usual l y om t t ed wi t h i
  14. 14. Pos sess i ve P r on ou n s
  15. 15. MAN Ejemplos - DATA S FO RMA LES Uds. Ud. + 1) Drop the final “o” in the yo form 2) AR VERBS Add –e or –en th E IV AT M m R to FI h nd nt o AF tac ma ce st u le At m ac la yo ab co d to if yll Ad ird ble e s e t if r th lla on th as sy d on o l wo n o ad d h t d t ou an urt ad on fo u pr yo ne (o o) tw Wi u no pro ns NEGATIVE s before lace pronoun P command cents Do not add ac 3) ER/IR VERBS Add -a or –an CAR → QUE GAR →GUE ZAR → CE
  16. 16. MANDATOS FORMALES IRREGULARES ir-(formal)to go ser-(formal) saber-(formal)to know estar-(formal) to be dar -(formal) to give jugar-(formal) to play llegar-(formal) buscar-(formal) tocar-(formal) to touch empezar -(formal) to start Tener Traer T Tenga Traiga Venir V Venga Dar Decir Ir Salir D I S De Dije Vaya Salga Hacer Haber H Haga Haya (vaya(n)) to be (sea(n)) (sepa(n)) (esté(n)) (dé(n)) (juegue(n)) (llegue(n)) (busque(n)) (toque(n)) (empiece(n) ) Estar Ser E S Este Sea
  17. 17. EL SUBJUNTIVO Used to express actions that are uncertain or hypothetical 1) Will and Influence 2)Emotion 3)Doubt, disbelief, and denial 4) Indefiniteness and nonexistence
  18. 18. EL SUBJUNTIVO CONT. SAME CONJUGATION AS FORMAL COMMANDS BUT INCLUDES NOSOTROS/YO TRIGGER... EJEMPLO -
  19. 19. Verbs of Will and Influence Aconseja rTo advise Importar To be important ;to matter Mandar To order Prohibir To prohibit Insistir (en) To insist (on) Recomen dar (e-ie) To recomme nd Rogar (o-ue) To beg ; to plead Sugerir (e-ie) To suggest
  20. 20. Subjunctive w/Verbs of Emotion
  21. 21. Subjunctive w/ Verbs of Doubt, Disbelief and Denial Que significa PERHAPS = DOUBT Used when there is a change in subject (And the main clause implies negation or uncertainty) When to use just the INDICATIVE? There is no doubt/uncertainty que indicative No negamos que hay demasiados carros. (We DON”T DENY = affirmative) Affirmative Sentence Creer → Indicative Negative Sentence No Creer → Subjunctive
  22. 22. Subjunctive w/Conjunctions Use the subjunctive in the subordinate clause if the main clause expresses a future action or command P.S. -ger > ja Use the infinitive after the prepositions ANTES DE, PARA, and SIN when there is no change in subject Te llamamos el viernes antes Te llamamos manana antes de salir de la casa de que salgas Use the Conjunctions → Subjunctive indicative if the Antes de que verb in the main clause Para que expresses an Sin que action that Prepositions → Infinitive habitually (no happens or Antes de change in subject) happened in Para the past
  23. 23. EXTRA SUBJUNCTI VE Keanu se alegra de QUE la profe sea su novia. Irregulars
  24. 24. WEIRDOS

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