We still cry!"Sister, we tell our stories to so many journalists, so many people like you, but then nothing changes. We still cry. Our employers continue to harass us; still there are young ones in sex work. There are so many people working on this - the rescuers, the HIV people, people like you- and so much money going into this problem. But why doesnt anything change?"- a woman migrant worker who was trafficked; in a conversation to a visitor.
Goal and objectivesGoal: Empowerment of women migrant workers from India at both source and countries of employmentObjectives:4. To promote sustained policy dialogue and advocate for legal reform and policy formulation as appropriatel To promote and strengthen socio-economic security and rights of women migrant workers in collaboration with bilateral and multilateral partners in countries of origin and employmentl To contribute to the knowledge base on gender, migration and development by engaging in quality research / studies on policy and programmatic issues
Strategic Approaches l Pilot project : Developing a model of good practice l Policy advocacy for engendering the programmes and policies l Communication strategy for awareness raising on safe migration l Capacity-building of key stakeholders on safe migration related issues l Knowledge Management and Research 11. Monitoring mechanisms
Strategic approachesl Pilot project : Develop a model of good practice at source ( select district in Andhra Pradesh) and destination countries – engage stakeholders, gender sensitive reintegration programmes, focus on economic literacy, base line and EPO evaluation componentl Policy advocacy: on engendering the programmes, policies, budgets – Consultative meetings with government and civil society partners for policy harmonization, on protection issues; National Advisory body meeting; follow up of GFMD; implementing CEDAW GR 26 and other relevant national, regional and international instruments related to WMWl Develop Communication strategy for awareness raising on safe migration
Strategic Approaches4. Capacity-building Women migrant workers: on safe migration, improved access of services, pre departure skills training, Develop training curriculum and guidelines, economic literacy, protection schemes, reintegration initiatives; selection of new skills and development Media Training: Policy dialogue/orientation on right based journalism, issues of wmw Recruiting agent and their network: Policy dialogue /orientation for implementation of the code of conduct National Coalition of civil society actors on issues of women migrant workers is established Peer learning visits and activities to country of employment and origin, like UAE and others
Strategic approaches5. Knowledge Management and Research: 1. Information exchange: analytical reports, technical publications and guidelines, best practices and successful models, Research findings 3. Dialogue forum on Safe migration on a social networking platform like Ning to facilitate regular evidence based policy dialogue with different stakeholders 5. Documentation of the good practices: On initiatives for protecting the rights of WMW, Up-scaling the good practices, financial schemes and reintegration 7. Support policy review and analysis, development of fact sheets and dissemination of census data on wmw
Research Base line survey:a) Estimates of numbers: WMW population, Highest density source area, Interstate and Internal, favoured Destination countries Women migrant workers: Profile; main issues they face (Pre-departure, transit, Destination, Returnee migrants Existing knowledge on safe channels, HIV, sexual violence Behaviour, Attitudinal and Practice studies at Source and Destination Empowerment status Existing relevant laws and policies: implementation and effectiveness, CEDAW implementation levels, Code of Conduct for Recruiting Agentsd) Stake holder analysis; ● Logical Framework analysis, which will strengthen and realign the project logic
Researchl Remittances study : WMW percentage contribution to the GDPl Study on developing a ‘business model project’l Regional studies: on overseas market and selection of new trade, projection of migration trends and the favored destination sitesl Research on fraudulent marriages in Punjabl Support a technical working group : technical inputs to the research studies, meets at 6 monthly intervals
Strategic approaches 6. Monitoring mechanisms: Develop mechanisms to monitor the effectiveness of implementing CEDAW GR 26 and other relevant national, regional and international instruments related to WMW Monitoring and Evaluation activities
At Countries of Employment Stakeholder analysis especially looking at the legal process involved in immigration Stakeholder’s attitudes Situation analysis of the Domestic Workers Redressal Systems Indian Embassy Remittance process CEDAW GR 26 implementation
ICOE-UNIFEM PROGRAMMETWG Functions: UNIFEM Focal Point for ICOE Advisory BoardResearch, Members:Baseline, EOP, ICOE,UNIFEMsurveys V V G NLTIKM, CB tools, ILO/ IOMEthical Comm Civil Society PWN+,WMW others UNIFEMTWG Members: Mgmt & Secretariat functionVVGNLIICOEUNIFEM OMCAP & NGOs contracted for Pilots in APILO, IOM other trainingTech Exp InstitutesEthics Comm WMW Communities in AP
Women Migrant Workers Community of PracticeUNIFEM / ICOESouth Asia Secretariat NGO and staffProgram Manager State and districtResearch Manager stakeholdersFinance Manager teams Consultants,UN, IOM, CARAM, CommunityNACO, INTL NGO, Members,Other NGO Recruiting agents,
AP’s Khammam District – 5 Taluks 25 lakhs, ~50,000 wmw Yellandu Madhira Khammam Burgapadu Paloncha 5 Lakh pop 8000-10,000 WMW Recruiting Agents Panwala/Brokers Money lendersSMS to Web to SMS Voice 2 Web 2 Voice Community Radio Post Office PO/PE/IT-Kiosk Community Mobilization Capacity Building Sustainability by Community Life Competence Process
KM Process in Ning Discussion Transcripts Knowledge AssetsChat, Tele, Video Conf or Resources consisting ofE-forum discussion Discussion summary Recommended Documents,Blogs Consolidated Replies Websites, Contacts, Organizations…SMS, Audio, Video Final BlogGroup work Collaborative DocumentFGD, Field or Immersion Visit Reports, Guidelines, budgets ArchivesTransliteration Translated docs
NACP–IV RECOMMENDATIONS• All kinds of restrictions on female migration should be removedimmediately: men and women should be given equal rights to choose tomigrate or not.• To ensure decent work conditions for both men and women, 1990 UNConvention and relevant ILO conventions should be ratified by all sendingcountries• Civil societies of sending countries should create pressure on theirgovernments to put migration on the agenda for different regional fora andalso to convince the receiving countries to ratify.• Upcoming global forum should push for recognition of domestic work aswage labour and attempt to bring it under the labour laws of receivingcountries• Social identity of women migrants should be respected. Social space ofthe migrant workers both men and women should be protected throughensuring strict working hours, better access to communicate with family,family reunification, holidays and recreation. All these should be placed inthe negotiating table in bilateral and multilateral fora.
NACP–IV RECOMMENDATIONS•Female labour migration is complex. Pre-departure training for femalemigrant workers should be made mandatory in all labour sending countries.• Philippines and Sri Lanka developed institutions to better govern femalemigration. Institutional mechanisms for experience sharing and learningfrom each other should be in place. SAARC, ASEAN, etc. could be suchforum..•To lift women up from low end care giving to professional workers, othersending countries can learn from the Philippines, Sri Lanka and India abouthow to lift the standards of their training centers for health care workers.• Women migrants send home larger portion of their income than men.Women migrants deserve to be rewarded both nationally and internationallyfor their contributions.• To sustain women’s economic empowerment, gender segregatedinvestment tools are required.
No one has ever done this before! "Sir, no one has ever come and talked before like this, No NGO, No Government, No one from UN, No funder, ever! Today we saw our own dreams, recognized our own strengths, and will see how we can tackle our own issues."- a returnee woman migrant worker to a male facilitator, after she had a “taste” of the Community Life Competence Process