Kathmandu presentation nabesh


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Kathmandu presentation nabesh

  1. 1. Mobile populations – From Nepal
  2. 2. Understanding mobile populations • Routes • Who are they? • What do they do? • What are their vulnerabilities? • Legal awareness/status • Awareness about HIV/Access to services • Locations and numbers
  3. 3. The Routes Mid-western Tulsipur Gorahi Khiri Agra Delhi Gorahi Dhangadhi Bareilly Delhi
  4. 4. Who is mobile? • Mobile population from the Mid-western districts • Easily distinguishable-Fair Mongoloid features • Mostly single mobile men • Highly mobile across cities as well as within cities • Set up tents and stay in one area • Go back home at least once in three/four months • Generally do not mix with others/local population
  5. 5. What do they do? • Mostly artisans/traders • Sell two major items (shoes and bedsheets) • They get shoes/leather from Agra and cloth/sheets from pilkhawa from UP • Sell in various parts of destination sites
  6. 6. Vulnerabilities • Reported exploitation by police • Some reported going to SWs at destination
  7. 7. The Routes Western Tamghar Butwal Parasi Palpa Sidharthnagar Sunoli Delhi
  8. 8. The Routes Far Western Achham Dhangarhi Baitarhi Dadeldhura Banbasa Tanakpur Pilibhit Delhi
  9. 9. Who is mobile? • Mobile population from the western districts • Easily distinguishable-Fair Mongoloid features • Initially single males come to destination sites • Some get their families and some marry here • Approximately 40% are single/male • Oldest inhabitants-8 years Newest inhabitants-2 months • Average number of years in destination – 3/4
  10. 10. What do they do? • Stay near industrial areas • Work as security guards • Work as semi-skilled workers in factories • Women work as house maids • Small proportion work as Sex workers
  11. 11. Vulnerabilities • Females as house maids reported having sex in houses worked for (extra money/forced) • Industrial area attracts a large number of people- some Nepalis act as pimps • As security guards provide safe space for sex • Approximate average of having sex for girls is 12/13 years • Both males and females drink alcohol • Some also take drugs (Marijuana/charas) • Very few children are sent to schools-sent to work
  12. 12. The Routes Central Gaur Kalaiya Raxaul Birganj Muzzafarpur Delhi
  13. 13. Who is mobile? • Mobile population from the central districts • Easily distinguishable-Fair Mongoloid features • Initially single males and single females come to destination sites • Most marry here • Approx. Average age – 25-30 • Average number of years in destination – 7/8 • Go back home at least once in three/four months
  14. 14. What do they do? • Stay near industrial/residential areas • Work in shops/dhabas/ restaurants • Some women work as house maids/sex workers
  15. 15. Vulnerabilities • Both men and women reported exploitation be supervisors. • All women are seen as sex workers • Men are paid less than other workers
  16. 16. The Routes East Rajbiraj Supaul Barauni Patna Delhi Janakpur Madhepura Barauni Patna Delhi
  17. 17. Who is mobile? • Mobile population from the Eastern districts • Not distinguishable from other Biharis/ • Mostly mobile with families • Average number of years in destination – 8/9 • Go back home at once a year • Population increased since unrest in Nepal • Known as Biharis in destination –Speak Maithili • Call themselves as Nepalis-Madheshis
  18. 18. What do they do? • Stay near industrial areas • Work as security guards • Work as semi-skilled workers in factories • Women work as house maids • Some women as sex workers
  19. 19. Vulnerabilities • Reported less vulnerabilities • Access the government services-School, health, and ration cards • Some ready to go back to Nepal as situation improves
  20. 20. The Routes East Jhampa Kankarmita Jalpaiguri Katihar Delhi
  21. 21. What do they do? • Work as traders • Sell tea and hing
  22. 22. Mobile population in Kolkata • Nepali males work in shops/restaurents • Single males • Single females ( mostly sex workers) • Some are trafficked • Approximate number in three Nepali specific brothels/areas - 600
  23. 23. Some general observations
  24. 24. How do they move across borders? • Through a relative or someone from their own village • There is no agent system • Relatives and friends provide them with shelter at the destination sites • Visit at least once a year. Could be more for people on daily wages
  25. 25. How do they get work? • People from Nepal are highly regarded for their honesty and hard work • Usually supervisors ask existing Nepali people to get other Nepalis • Supervisors can make them work for long hours for less pay • Supervisors can throw the out of job whenever they want to
  26. 26. Legal status • Some (leaders) are aware of the Indo-Nepal Treaty. • They felt that India is not following the terms of the treaty. • “Nepali people in India are not getting healthcare, security, employment, Education…as mandated, whereas Indians in Nepal are getting all that.” • At least half had Indian ration cards • None of the cards have been renewed in the last 6-8 months
  27. 27. Awareness/access to services • In general, awareness about HIV is low, Among women even lower. • In general, mobile Nepali do not access the government health services (have to stand in lines, get no respect, not treated well..) • Access private practitioners. Some always consult the traditional healer within their community. Some consult private MBBS practiioners • Generally exploited for health care. A person with TB had to spend more than 20,000 rupees before DOTS • Do not access anganwadi services or school for children
  28. 28. Resources/Support • Family and village networks (for jobs, money transfer, support) • Nepali associations – Nepali Ekta Samaj – Bharat – Nepali Migrants Association • Transfer of money – Informal transfer system – Transfer through banks
  29. 29. Mobile populations – From Bangladesh
  30. 30. The Routes Transit points • Benapole - Petrapole • Ghoja Danga • Long open borders/villages/rivers
  31. 31. The Routes Where do they go? • 24 Parganas • Howrah (smaller proportion in Kolkata) • Other districts in WB Other parts of India - Delhi
  32. 32. Who is mobile? • Mostly with families • Few single males • Few single females
  33. 33. What do they do? • In armeniam colony (females work as sex workers) • Manual labour - Unskilled labour • Semi-skilled (masons) • Traders (big) bring in goods from Bangladesh • Traders (small) sell in other parts of India
  34. 34. Vulnerabilities • Reported exploitation by police/civil society • Sex workers (bangladesh) reported not being paid by clients • Some are IDUs • Sex workers in Kolkata refuse to acknowledge origins • Recent crackdowns (2/3 years) • Newspaper reports
  35. 35. Gaps • Validated data on numbers in each location for Nepali mobile population • Information on Bangladeshi mobile population • Vulnerabilities and risk among sub- populations of mobile men and women.
  36. 36. THANK YOU