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Emonocot presentation linn_soc20912


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Emonocot presentation linn_soc20912

  1. 1. eMonocot, the eMonocotPortal and ConsensusClassificationPaul Wilkin Hedychium densiflorum
  2. 2. Presentation structure   eMonocot project update   the eMonocot portal   Consensus classification and biodiversity informatics   Summary Ceroxylon quindiense. Photo R. Bernal
  3. 3. eMonocot Core Team
  4. 4. Aims of eMonocot When complete, eMonocot will: 1.  Enable the identification of monocot plants anywhere in the world 2.  Provide a wealth of information about monocot species, genera and families 3.  Address separately the needs of different users 4.  Link together monocot taxonomists to enhance their productivity 5.  Provide a model for web taxonomy Watsonia confusa
  5. 5. eMonocot: a distributed information systemeMonocot community scratchpads: 15 eTaxonomic resourcesCATE-Araceae (  104 genera, ca 4000 speciesPalmweb (  190 genera, ca 2600 speciesGrassbase (  Ca 700 genera, 11611 speciesMonocot checklist (  Ca 70000 monocot species
  6. 6. eMonocot content progress 8 families/2100 genera ~2000/130/1500 spp 72 families (~75% of monocot diversity) Araceae (CATE-Araceae) Arecaceae (Palmweb) Poaceae (Grassbase)
  7. 7. eMonocot Scratchpads: Cypripedioideae
  8. 8. eMonocot Scratchpads: Dioscoreaceae
  9. 9. eMonocot Portal: home page Names: 270,936 Taxon descriptions: 14,349 (16% of accepted taxa) Images: 4,364 (< 2% of accepted taxa) Keys: Monocot families & Dioscoreaceae
  10. 10. eMonocot Portal: taxon pagesBasic taxon page content:  Accepted name  Synonymy  Nomenclature  Distribution maps  Referencese.g. Pothos taxon pageOther planned content  Habitat  Life form  Conservation status  Common names  Specimens  Protected/Invasive species  Habitat type information  WWF Biomes  Climatic data
  11. 11. eMonocot portal: classification   Classification tree   Checklist Validation*   Phylogeny browser*
  12. 12. eMonocot portal: identification  Multi-access keys  Image galleries  Dichotomous keys*  Glossary*
  13. 13. eMonocot portal: searching and downloadingSearch & Facet  Geographical search(Gazetter-based)  Map search  Explore/analyse data*  Download content*
  14. 14. What is consensus classification?Consensus: Agreement in opinion;the collective unanimous opinion ofa number of personsConsensus classification: a singletaxonomy that is subscribed to byall specialists for a given taxon Chlorophytum sp.
  15. 15. Why is consensus classification important? Collective Vision order for policy makers or big funding agencies to take us seriously we need to have a common vision - a big plan, not a robotic repetition of the same words (Knapp 2008) Meeting user requirements Tulipa sp. Photo M. Zarrei
  16. 16. Existing consensus classification: passive consensus
  17. 17. Existing consensus classification: active consens WCM :   ~1/3 of familes with multiple contributors   84 inputs by monocot taxonomists
  18. 18. Consensus classification and biodiversityinformatics“The taxonomy of a particular groupcould reside in one place and beadministered by a single organization. Itcould be self-contained and requirereference to no other sources..... a numberof things would then follow. First, the onlylogical way to organize a unitary taxonomyand to make it widely available is on theweb” (Godfray 2002) Haemanthus puniceus
  19. 19. Why has consensus classification been controversial? (“Names must both represent avolatile hypothesis and provide a keyto lasting information.....A solutionmust adequately recognize thesedual roles and decouple the systemthat allows maximum freedom ofhypothesis-generation from thesystem that provides names forusers” (Thiele & Yeates 2002). Kniphofia sp.
  20. 20. Why has consensus classification been controversial? ( “The ‘cybertaxonomic solution’.... reveals a traditional misunderstanding that regularly emanates from the more ‘applied’ side of biology - that the only significant data taxonomists provide are the species name, diagnosis, and distribution for the purposes of identification by non- taxonomic end-users (de Carvalho et al 2007)” Dendrobium cuthbertsonii. Photo W. Baker
  21. 21. Consensus classification in CATE “CATE....consensus taxonomy is intended to retain alternative that they can, potentially, be revived. Good revisionary taxonomy, whether Web or paper based, explains differences of opinion but still proposes a recommendation. Consensus, therefore, is neither intended to stifle dissent nor does it imply immutability. It is needed to Lysichiton help users outside the taxonomic americanum. Photo I. community” (Clark et al 2009) Kitching
  22. 22. Community consensus classification in eMonoco 1 1 2 1
  23. 23. Helping producer communities to work towardsconsensus classification in scratchpads
  24. 24. Presenting consensus in the portal
  25. 25. Summary  Distributed information system established  Content capture on track  15 new Scratchpads launched  Portal released to users October 2012  Will benefit both taxonomic producer anduser communities  Lessons learned to date: • Interconnectivity • Users Triticum aestivum • Communities