Chapter 5 presentation slides edex


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Chapter 5 presentation slides edex

  1. 1. Chapter 5 The development of competitive sport
  2. 2. Learning outcomes: <ul><li>understand the role of festivals in the history of sport </li></ul><ul><li>understand the emergence of rational sport as a result of the industrial revolution </li></ul><ul><li>understand the characteristics of sport in the twentieth and twenty-first century </li></ul><ul><li>understand the concept of deviance in sport </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of sport timeline Ancient  Festival  Popular  Public  Oxbridge  Rational Origins Games Recreations Schools Sport 1 st 10 – 12 th 14 – 18 th Early 19 th Mid – 19 th End of 19 th M illennium Century Century Century Century Century
  4. 4. The Olympic Games <ul><li>Origins in Ancient Greece, where they were held every four years as part of a religious ceremony to the god Zeus. </li></ul><ul><li>Baron Pierre de Coubertin introduced the modern Olympic Games in 1896. </li></ul><ul><li>The aim of the Games was to prevent war and develop more international friendship. </li></ul><ul><li>The Games for most of the twentieth century were amateur, with performers competing purely for enjoyment. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Development of sport <ul><li>Remember </li></ul><ul><li>Sport in pre-industrial Britain was linked to a need for war preparation. </li></ul><ul><li>Early sports were divided by social class and background. </li></ul><ul><li>The church and local gentry were important in the organisation of festival games. </li></ul><ul><li>The Modern Olympic Games are a combination of ancient and modern festivals. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Industrialisation changed the way people lived, worked and played <ul><li>Urbanisation – large populations moved into the cities and towns where there was a lack of space for recreation. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialisation – life was based around the factory system and machine time. </li></ul><ul><li>Working conditions – initially were very poor for the lower classes, with long shifts and little free time. The twentieth century saw a gradual increase in free time; legislation brought in the Saturday half day, the Ten Hour Act and early closing for shop workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Economics – the systems of capitalism and industrial patronage led to the formation of work and church teams, which often developed into professional clubs. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The role of Oxbridge in the development of sport <ul><li>Remember </li></ul><ul><li>The universities of Cambridge and Oxford played an important role in the development of sport. </li></ul><ul><li>They were the first place where compromise rules were developed. </li></ul><ul><li>They also developed regular fixtures – Varsity matches. </li></ul><ul><li>Blues became important role models and teachers. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The development of sport in the twentieth century <ul><li>Remember </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of spectatorism and its influence on sport in the twentieth century. </li></ul><ul><li>The continued development of commercialisation and Americanisation in sport in the UK. </li></ul><ul><li>The influence the 1984 Olympics had on subsequent global games. </li></ul>