UNHCR report on India

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UNHCR report on India

  1. 1. UNHCR Report India
  2. 2. The location Indi a
  3. 3. Geographical Info • Land area: 3,287,590 km² • India is the 7th largest country by area and the 2nd most populated country with 1.2 billion people • Ocean surrounding India: Indian Ocean  Arabian sea – Southwest  Laccadive sea – South  Bay of Bengal – Southeast • India has nearly every kind of landscape available:  In the North (places like: Kashmir, Jammu, etc.) there are snowy mountains with large lakes and forests.  In the South: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa and many more places are home to some of the India’s best beaches and along the coast lie rainforests. • The climate varies and India has 4 main seasons: 1. 2. 3. 4. Winter (December – February) Summer (March – June) Monsoon (June – September, only in the South-West) Post-monsoon (October – November)
  4. 4. Where are the refugees from? Why are there IDPs and Refugees in India? • Most of the refugees come from countries such as:  Afghanistan  Pakistan  Sri Lanka  Bangladesh  Nepal  Tibet  Somalia  Myanmar • There are around 250,000 IDPs (Internally Displaced Persons) from Kashmir (a state between Pakistan and India) due to the internal conflict. • In Gujarat and Orissa states around 16,087 people were displaced due to Hindu-Muslim violence and 10,000 people displaced due to Hindu-Christian violence
  5. 5. Why have they left their homes? Why do they go to India? • They have left their home countries because of:  War  Religious persecution  Poverty • Refugees from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Sri Lanka go to India because it is the closest nonMuslim country.
  6. 6. Afghanistan, Pakistan and Sri Lanka on the map
  7. 7. Where are the refugee camps? • Some examples:  For Sri Lankan refugees and asylum seekers – there are camps based in Tamil Nadu (Tiruchirappalli, Coimbatore), Bangalore and Chennai  Refugees from Bangladesh go to camps along the borders of: West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya and Tripura.  Tibetan refugees go to camps set up in smaller cities in Karnataka and in Bir, Himachal Pradesh.
  8. 8. The problems and barriers being faced by refugees (in India) • The problems some of the refugees face in the camps/India:  Poverty  Discrimination  No increase in resources as the increase in refugees rise  Lack of direct access to camps  Not able to earn money  Cannot return to home countries (if they want to)  Eligible refugees wanting to have Indian citizenship
  9. 9. Some of the actions being taken to overcome the problems What they intend to do What will it do? 1. Help refugees apply for longterm visas & work permits 2. Help refugees who wish to repatriate voluntarily 3. Provide financial assistance to vulnerable refugees with specific needs. 4. Provide legal assistance for refugees who can and want to apply for citizenship 5. Organize skills-training sessions 1. Allows refugees to earn a living in India & not have to live in the camps 2. To help send the refugees who wish to go home, and allow them to. 3. Allows the vulnerable refugees to have some money in order to survive and improve their situation 4. This will allow the refugees to apply for citizenship if they cannot do it themselves 5. Allows refugees to develop skills and be able to use these skills to earn money
  10. 10. Total Funds (USD) provided by the UNHCR and split into categories 7,000,000 6,457,921 6,000,000 5,000,000 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 443,028 135,524 Gender-based violence Nutrition 198,584 91,310 0 Education Resettlement Total budget available
  11. 11. Percentage of asylum seekers who are female and/or under 18 60 52 50 42 Amount of People (%) 40 39 36 30 28 % that are female 23 20 10 0 Myanmar Afghanistan Country of Origin Various % that are under 18
  12. 12. Percentage of refugees who are female and/or under 18 60 50 49 48 46 44 42 43 Amount of People (%) 40 31 31 30 % that are female % that are under 18 20 10 8 0 Sri Lanka Afghanistan Myanmar Country of Origin Somalia Various

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