PRESENT CONTINUOUSWe use the Present Continuous to talk about actions that are happening at the moment of speaking. STRUCTURESubject Pronoun + Verb to be (am/are/is) + Verb (-ing) I am working You are working He is working She is working We are working They are working
PRESENT CONTINUOUS – Rules Verbs ended by E, we drop E and add –ING: MAKE = making TAKE = taking LEAVE = leavingVerbs ended by consonant + vowel + consonant (CVC), we double the last letter: RUN = running CUT = cutting PUT = putting
But, when the last syllable is stressed, we also double the letter: STOP = stopping BEGIN = beginning SWIM = swimming Verbs ended by IE, we change it to Y: LIE = lying DIE = dying TIE = tying
Verbs ended by W, X and Y, we do not double the last consonant: FIX = fixing STUDY = studying LOW (literary) = lowing Do you understand it?
TIME TO PRACTICE! What are you doing now? I’m studying English now. What is he doing? He is fixing the car.
What is she doing?She is singing.What are they doing?They’re riding horses.
What is he doing?He’s playing basketball.What is she doing?She is playing the guitar.
PROGRESSION 2Verbs & Expressions followed by Infinitive or GerundSome verbs in English can be either followed by another verb + Infinitive or + Gerund (-ing). Examples: I have to stop smoking. (gerund) I need to study for a test. (infinitive) It also happens to some expressions such as: GIVE UP = She gave up studying German. FEEL LIKE = I feel like dancing all night long. CAN’T STAND = I can’t stand listening to jazz. CAN’T HELP = Peter can’t help hitting on girls.
ENJOY = Is it followed by Infinitive or Gerund?Gerund = Jennifer enjoys staying home on weekends. WANT = Is it followed by Infinitive or Gerund? Infinitive = They want to stay up all night. QUIT = Is it followed by Infinitive or Gerund? Gerund = He needs to quit smoking.
MIND = Is it followed by Infinitive or Gerund?Gerund = Kathie doesn’t mind working on Sundays. HAVE = Is it followed by Infinitive or Gerund? Infinitive = They have to go home now. FINISH = Is it followed by Infinitive or Gerund? Gerund = I have to finish reading the book.
PAY ATTENTION!Some verbs can be both followed by Infinitive or Gerund. LOVE I love to go shopping. I love going shopping. LIKE I like to dance. I like dancing. HATE We hate to study math. We hate studying math. START They will start to practice now. They will start practicing now. BEGIN She always begins to cry when he comes to class. She always begins crying when he comes to class.
REMEMBER >> Examples of verbs followed by: INFINITIVE GERUND BOTH (Infinitive/Gerund) WANT ENJOY NEED STOP / QUIT LOVE HAVE FINISH LIKE PRETEND MIND HATE OFFER CAN’T STAND BEGIN etc... GIVE UP START FEEL LIKE etc...
TIME TO PRACTICE! Choose the correct option:• Marie and Peter love ... ( to go / going) to the mall. BOTH• He is going to stop ... ( to drink / drinking ) too much beer.• They hate ... ( to play / playing ) cards. BOTH• We enjoy ... ( to listen to / listening to ) classical music.• Gabriel needs ... ( to study / studying ) more.• Sheila isn’t going to give up ... ( to study / studying ) English.• I don’t mind ... ( to stay / staying ) here waiting for you.• He has ... ( to pay attention / paying attention ) to that sign.
PROGRESSION 3Agreeing and Disagreeing with Likes and Deslikes Sharon: I love ice cream. Jennifer: So do I. (agreeing) Shirley: I enjoy going shopping. Ashley: Me too. (agreeing) or I do, too.
A: I don’t like pizza. B: Neither do I. (agreeing)A: I don’t like to eat eggs. B: I don’t, either. (agreeing)
OTHER EXAMPLES A: I can’t stand listening to jazz. B: But I can. (disagreeing) A: Alicia is very sad today. B: But I’m not. (disagreeing)
PAY ATTENTION TO THE VERBAL TENSE! A: Jefferson is going to eat an apple. B: So am I. I A: She can’t drive a car. B: Neither can I. I can’t, either. can’t
Alice: Gosh! Your brother spends hours in front of the computer.Beatrice: Yeah, I know...and so does my father.
Damian: I enjoy watching cartoons on TV. Jess: But I don’t. don’t
PROGRESSION 4Describing what people are wearing
LOOK AT THE PICTURE AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS Who is wearing black shorts? Who is wearing a blue dress? Who is wearing a yellow shirt? Who is wearing a pink dress? Who is wearing a blue tie? Who is wearing a gray t-shirt?
PROGRESSION 5 Talking about PreferencesSarah: Which car am I going to buy: a Mercedes or a BMW? Peter: I don’t know. You choose. Sarah: I guess I’m buying a BMW.
A: Which color do you prefer: purple, yellow or green? B: I prefer green.
GRAMMAR NOTESWHICH is used with or without a noun.We use it to ask about things or people when there is a restricted choice.Which jacket is mine: the red one or the blue one?Which party do you want to go: Peter’s or Ann’s? Which language do you want to learn: Chinese or Italian?
TIME TO PRACTICE!Which of your parents do you feel closer to: your father or your mother? Which kind of movie do you prefer: comedies or thrillers? Which color do you like most: black or red? Which is your favorite singer: Mariah Carey or Britney Spears? Which holiday is your favorite: Valentine’s Day or Christmas?