Notes on Venezuela


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Notes on Venezuela

  1. 1. Notes of Venezuela<br />Spanish 2<br />Denver High School (Mrs. Huff)<br />
  2. 2. Location<br />On the Northern coast of South America, touching the Caribbean Sea<br />Bordering Guyana (east), Brazil (south) and Colombia (west)<br />
  3. 3. Cities and Urban Areas<br />Capital: Caracas<br />Other major cities: Maracaibo & Valencia<br />Venezuela is the most urbanized South American nation<br />85% of the total population lives in cities in Northern Venezuela<br />
  4. 4. 23 States<br />And 1 Federal District (Caracas) and 1 zone of dispute with Guyana<br />
  5. 5. People and Population<br />Venezuela does not report information about ethnicity (meaning they don’t gather data on the race of the population)<br />Best estimates say<br />60% of the pop. = Mestizo or Mulatto<br />30% of the pop. = European<br />10% of the pop. = Various Indian tribes<br />Population is 29,105,632<br />Pop. of Texas = 25,000,000<br />An estimated 1,000,000 illegal immigrants live in Venezuela (mostly from Colombia)<br />
  6. 6. Languages & Geography<br />Language: Venezuelan Spanish<br />A different type of Spanish that comes from the Canary Islands<br />Over 40 different languages regularly spoken in Venezuela<br />92% Roman Catholic; 7% Christian<br />
  7. 7. Money and Economy<br />Currency: Bolivar Fuerte<br />$1.00 US = $4.967 VEF (Bolivar Fuerte)<br />Has a profitable oil industry and a lot of corruption<br />13th highest GDP in the world but most citizens live on less than $2<br />
  8. 8. Government<br />President: Hugo Chavéz<br />Took office in 1999<br />Very controversial figure; major opposition in 1997<br />Free, universal health care for everybody<br />
  9. 9. 13,000 – 17,000 BCE<br />Hunting artifacts, tools and tribal remains in Venezuela<br />
  10. 10. 1498<br />Christopher Columbus lands on the Pearl Islands off the coast of Panama and sends explorers out to discover new land<br />1499 – Explorers arrive in Venezuela and name it “Venezuela”, which means “Little Venice”<br />
  11. 11. African Slaves brought to Venezuela to work in gold mines<br />1550’s: Slave trade strong in South American/Caribbean (becomes popular in the US)<br />
  12. 12. 1770’s<br />Venezuela’s economy is largely agricultural, thanks to the cocoa industry<br />
  13. 13. 1808  Problems over in Spain<br />French take over Spain<br />French leader Napoleon appoints his brother, Joseph as King of Spain<br />South American countries are unhappy with Joseph as their King.<br />1811: Venezuela begins the War for Independence<br />
  14. 14. 1821  Independent Super Country<br />Revolutionary hero and leader Simon Bolivar creates an independent country called Gran Colombia<br />Consists of all of today’s present day Colombia, Ecuador, Panama and Venezuela, parts of Guyana, Brazil & Peru<br />1830  Venezuela separates and becomes own country<br />
  15. 15. 1899-1925  Big Men, Big Guns<br />Military strongmen operate Venezuela<br />No one leader<br />Very poor nation with an unstable and dangerous government and economy<br />
  16. 16. Venezuela Hearts Baseball<br />1941: After a World Baseball exhibition game in Havana, Cuba, baseball becomes popular in Hispanic countries (very much so in Venezuela)<br />
  17. 17. 1925 – 1980  Struck it Rich<br />Discovery and export of oil in Venezuela booms the economy<br />Mixed results for the total population<br />Country has a lot of money, some rich people<br />Citizens still poor and needy<br />1980: Oil market crashes and Venezuela’s economy is crippled<br />
  18. 18. 1992  Here Comes Hugo<br />Hugo Chavez attempts to overthrown the out of control and unstable government leaders<br />Thrown in jail; later released<br />1998: Chavez elected president<br />Attempts to disperse money to low-class through health care and education<br />
  19. 19. Hugo + Fidel<br />Hugo and Fidel Castro of Cuba become best friends and allies. Adopt a similar leadership style <br />
  20. 20. 2002  Unpopular Leader<br />Chavez is overthrown but regains control after 2 days<br />2005: United States FBI and CIA discuss attempts to assassinate Hugo Chavez<br />2006: Hugo is “re-elected” and changes term limits<br />Largely suspected that he rigged the election<br />No limit on how long a leader may serve = Hugo Forever<br />