Guide to understanding Carnatic Music Notations

2,192 views

Published on

A Guide to Understanding Music Notations for Basic Exercises in Carnatic Music

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,192
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
174
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
39
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Guide to understanding Carnatic Music Notations

  1. 1. Tuning into Music Guide to understanding Music Notations Copyright © 2013, MR, Tuning into Music. Carnatic Music
  2. 2. Tuning into Music Copyright © 2013, MR, Tuning into Music. Basic Exercises • Composed in Rāga Māyāmālavagowla • Set to Adi Tāla – a cycle of 8 counts • Except Alankāra – which is set to 7 different tālas • Each of the exercises composed of different patterns of notes • One note occurs for one count of tāla in first speed • Except Janta Varisay - each double note pair occurs for one count of tāla
  3. 3. Tuning into Music Copyright © 2013, MR, Tuning into Music. Tāla notation • Each cycle of tāla commences and ends with a double bar highlighted in colour • Each count of tāla is separated by a single bar • A beat of the tāla is denoted by a single bar highlighted in colour • Laghu Jātis: Tishra, Chaturashra, Khanda, Mishra, Sankeerna denoted as: l3, l4, l5, l7, l9 respectively • Dhrutha has two counts and is denoted as: O2 • Anudhrutha has one count and is denoted as:
  4. 4. Tuning into Music Copyright © 2013, MR, Tuning into Music. Akshara & Akshara kāla • Akshara: notes per count and Akshara kāla: duration of note • Gati or rhythm of exercises is Chaturashra gati • Number of notes per count in Third Speed is Four • Each count of tāla is divided into 4 units of one-quarter time- measure or Akshara kāla – denoted by comma “,” • In First Speed, one note occurs for one whole count of tāla and is denoted by itself followed by comma “,” in each successive unit • In Second Speed, one note occurs for half the duration of count of tāla and is denoted by itself followed by comma “,” in the next unit • In Third Speed, one note occurs for a quarter of the duration of count of tāla and occupies one unit
  5. 5. Tuning into Music Copyright © 2013, MR, Tuning into Music. An Analogy for Akshara & Akshara kāla • Imagine a house with more than one floor and many rooms • Tāla Cycle: One floor Tāla Count: One room • Akshara: Notes per Count: number of persons in a room • Akshara kāla: Duration of Note: extent to which a person can occupy a room • Four Aksharas in Third speed: 4 units per room • First speed: one akshara per count: one person per room • Second speed: two aksharas per count: two persons per room • Third speed: four aksharas per count: 4 persons in a room
  6. 6. Tuning into Music Copyright © 2013, MR, Tuning into Music. Tri-kāla • In Prathama kāla or First speed: ONE note occurs for ONE count of tāla – each note extends for One Whole duration of count (Whole note) – extends through all four units • In Dvitiya kāla or Second speed: TWO notes occur for ONE count of tāla – each note occurs for One Half duration of count (Half note) – extends through two units • In Tritiya kāla or Third speed: FOUR notes occur for ONE count of tāla – each note occurs for One Quarter duration of count (Quarter note) – one note per unit • The tempo of the First speed must be set such that you can render notes comfortably in the Third speed; with practice this tempo can be increased reasonably
  7. 7. Tuning into Music Copyright © 2013, MR, Tuning into Music. Octave notes & Other exercises • Notes in Thāra Sthāyi or immediate higher octave range are denoted with a dot “.” above the note • Notes in Mandra Sthāyi or immediate lower octave range are denoted with a dot “.” below the note • Alankāra exercises are set to 7 different tālas or Sapta tāla with Laghu Jātis: Tishra, Chaturashra, Khanda and Mishra, denoted by l3, l4, l5, l7 respectively • In Geetham, lyrics or Sahityam occurs for certain notes; for notes where there is no Sahityam it is denoted using dot(s) “.”
  8. 8. info@tuningintomusic.com www.tuningintomusic.com Presenter: Meera Raghu Tuning into Music Thank you Copyright © 2013, MR, Tuning into Music. Carnatic Music

×