Introduction to ISB653

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Introduction to ISB653

  1. 1. ISLAMIC LEGAL MAXIMS INTRODUCTION TO ISB653 QAWAID FIQHIYYAH (ISLAMIC LEGAL MAXIMS) MAHYUDDIN KHALID  emkay@salam.uitm.edu.my
  2. 2. COURSE BACKGROUNDCourse code : ISB653Course name : QAWAID FIQHIYYAH (ISLAMIC LEGAL MAXIMS)Level : DegreeCredit hour : 4Contact hour : 4Part : 5Status : MAJORPrerequest : - 2
  3. 3. OBJECTIVE Upon completion of this subject, the student should be able to :-  To explain historical development of Qawaid Fiqhiyyah  To apply the approach of major fundamentals and branches of qawaid fiqhiyyah  To analyze the application of Qawaid Fiqhiyyah in modern Islamic Banking and Finance 3
  4. 4. COURSE DESCRIPTION This course introduces various aspects of Qawaid Fiqhiyyah and its applications in modern Islamic Banking and Finance. It covers the introduction to Qawaid Fiqhiyyah, hostorical development, five major maxims and few branches of maxims. (Qawaid Furu‟iyyah) 4
  5. 5. COURSE CONTENT Introduction To Qawaid Fiqhiyyah Historical Development Of Qawaid Fiqhiyyah First Maxim (The Principle Of Intention) Second Maxim (The Principle Of Certainty) Third Maxim (The Principle Of Hardship) Fourth Maxim (The Principle Of Dharar) Fifth Maxim (The Principle Of Custom)5
  6. 6. COURSE OUTLINECOURSE CONTENT TOPICIntroduction to Qawaid • Definition of TermsFiqhiyyah • Differences between the Terms • Importance of Learning Qawaid Fiqhiyyah • Sources of Qawaid FiqhiyyahHistorical Development of • Stage of FoundationFiqh • Stage of Establishment • Stage of Building • Stage of Flowering • Stage of Consolidation • Stage of Stagnation • The Establishment of Majalla al-AdliyahFirst Maxim – The • Al-Umuru bi-maqasidihaPrinciple of Intention • Sources from the nass • Importance of Intention • Applications • Related Maxims 6
  7. 7. SCHEME OF WORKCOURSE CONTENT TOPIC2nd Maxim – The • Al-Yaqin la yuzal bi al-syakPrinciple of Certainty • Meaning • Sources • Scope • Application • Related maxims3rd maxim – The • Al-Masyaqqah tajlib al-taisirprinciple of hardship • Meaning • Sources from nass • Reasons for leniency • Applications • Related maxims4th Maxim – The • Al-Dharar YuzalPrinciple of Dharar • Meaning • Sources • Levels of necessity • Applications 7 • Related Maxims
  8. 8. SCHEME OF WORKCOURSE CONTENT TOPIC5th Maxim – The • Al-Adat MuhakkamahPrinciple of Custom • Meaning • Sources • Scope • Applications • Related MaximsIssue and Qawaid • When halal and haram conflict, preference isFuru‟iyyah given to haram • When compulsory cannot be done without a thing, it become compulsory • One legal ruling does not destroy another • When it is forbidden to take a thing, it is forbidden to give it 8
  9. 9. ASSESSMENT Continous Assesment 50%  Test 1 : 15%  Test 2 : 15%  Assignment : 10%  Presentation : 10% Final Examination 50% TOTAL 100% 9
  10. 10. FORMAT for ASSIGNMENT In group (2 – 4 persons) Typed (Times New Roman, „font‟12, „spacing‟ 1.5) Minimum 15 pages Need to have at least 3 reference books plus other references. Due Date – 10 ISB653-Qawaid Fiqhiyyah
  11. 11. REFERENCING Use the APA (American Psychological Association) referencing system. References in the text should include author‟s name, publication year and page number if available. Examples of citations in text : One author (Bean, 1992, p. 33); two authors (Graham & Krugman, 1989); more than two authors (Bernanke et al., 1999), (Al-Zuhaily, 1996; Al-Qhardhawy, 1992). Bean (1992, p. 33), Graham and Krugman (1989), and Bernanke et al. (1999). In the case of more than two authors, the first citation includes all the last names of the co-authors. The above examples only apply for subsequent citations. References must be listed in alphabetical order of first author at the end of the paper. 11 ISB653-Qawaid Fiqhiyyah
  12. 12. REFERENCING - EXAMPLE Article in Journal: Dornbusch, R. (1976), Exchange Rate Expectations and Monetary Policy, Journal of International Economics, 6, 231-44. Chapter in Book: Dornbusch, R. (1977), The Theory of Flexible Exchange Rate Regimes and Macroeconomic Policy, In J. Herin, A. Lindbeck & J. Myhrman (Eds.), Flexible Exchange Rates and Stabilization Policy (pp. 123-43), Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 12 ISB653-Qawaid Fiqhiyyah
  13. 13. REFERENCING - EXAMPLE Books: Helpman E., & Krugman, P. (1985). Market Structure and Foreign Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press. Mishkin, F.S. (2004). The Economics of Money, Banking and Financial Markets (7th ed.). Boston: Addison Wesley. 13 ISB653-Qawaid Fiqhiyyah
  14. 14. REFERENCING - EXAMPLE Electronic Sources: Electronic reference formats recommended by the American Psychological Association. (2000, October 12). Retrieved October 23, 2000, from http://www.apa.org/journals/webref.html Eid, M. & Langeheine, R. (1999). The measurement of consistency and occasion specificity with latent class models: A new model and its application to the measurement of affect. Psychological Methods, 4, 100-116. Retrieved November 19, 2000, from the PsycARTICLES database *If information is retrieved from an aggregated database, and the name of the database is provided and sufficient, no address is needed (as in the second example for electronic sources)* 14 ISB653-Qawaid Fiqhiyyah
  15. 15. MARKS (10%) Introduction = 1.5% Points & Elaboration = 6% Conclusion = 1.5% References = 1% 15 ISB653-Qawaid Fiqhiyyah
  16. 16. PRESENTATION In group (individually assessed) Method: 1. Use your own creativity 2. Give hand-out Duration: 1. 20 minutes presentation 2. 10 minutes QA 16 ISB653-Qawaid Fiqhiyyah
  17. 17. MARKS (10%) Presentation Style = 2% Creativity = 2% Critical Thinking = 2% Punctuality = 2% QA = 2% 17 ISB653-Qawaid Fiqhiyyah
  18. 18. PRESENTATION DATES TOPIC 1 TOPIC 2 TOPIC 3 TOPIC 4 TOPIC 5 TOPIC 6 TOPIC 7 TOPIC 8 18 ISB653-Qawaid Fiqhiyyah
  19. 19. ATTENDANCE Petikan dari Para 2.1.3.2, Peraturan Akademik UiTM 2009: “ Seseorang pelajar sepenuh masa yang tidak mencapai kehadiran 80% dari jumlah jam temu untuk setiap kursus tanpa mendapat kebenaran bertulis dari Fakulti/Cawangan/Pusat Pengajian tidak dibenarkan menduduki peperiksaan akhir. Bagi kursus yang tiada peperiksaan akhir, kerja kursus tidak diberi penilaian. Pelajar akan diberi Gred F dengan status ZZ serta dikenakan denda RM 100.00.” 19 ISB653-Qawaid Fiqhiyyah
  20. 20. SAHSIAH Shari‟ah University Acts UiTM Regulation 20 ISB653-Qawaid Fiqhiyyah
  21. 21. END21

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