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  1. 1. KenyaBy: Emily Kingston, Jen Beattie, and Charlotte Suszynski
  2. 2. Independence• UK : encouraged British and European citizens to settle there• Large farms established by Europeans o Kenyans hired to work on European farms• Kenyans opposed British rule• Mau Mau Rebellion o Rebel movement developed among Kikuyu members o Defeated, but forced UK into negotiations that led to Kenyan independence
  3. 3. Independence • December 12, 1963• December 12, 1963• Prime Minister Kenyatta • Constitutional Monarchy• Became a republic • Prime Minister:• Replaced British Kenyatta colonial economic and cultural system and school system• Non-Africans were allowed to keep their land
  4. 4. Economy • Developing economy and a high unemployment rate • Population growing at a rapid rate • Many people live in poverty • Foreign aid and remittances from Kenyans working abroad are a helpful source of income
  5. 5. Economy• Agriculture o chief economic activity o Accounts for about ¼ of the country’s economic production o Employs about ¾ of Kenya’s people o Divided equally between the production of cash crops and subsistence • Cash crops: products raised for sale • Subsistence: crops raised by farmers for their own use o Most popular crops grown: tea, corn, avocados, bananas, cof fee, cotton, pineapples, potatoes, t omatoes, wheat, sugar cane • Tea: Kenya is one of the world’s largest producers of tea Tea plantation in Kenya • Corn: country’s main subsistence crop o Farmland owned or rented from the government
  6. 6. Economy• Manufacturing o Nairobi and Mombasa • Kenya’s most important industrial centers o Food processing • Major industrial activity in Kenya o Petroleum refinery • Refines oil imported from other countries o Produces a small but diverse amount of manufactured products • Soft drinks, cement, clothing, leat her goods, motor vehicles, paper products
  7. 7. Economy • Tourism o Vital to economy o Second largest source of foreign income o About 1 million tourists visit Kenya annually • Mining o Has few valuable minerals o Some mined products: • Gold, gemstones • International Trade o Exports less than it imports o Tea is main export o Imports food products, industrial machinery, transportation materials, and plastics o Chief trading partners • China, India, Japan, UK, US, Uganda, South Africa
  8. 8. Society• About 40 ethnic groups• Largest ethnic group, Kikuyu o Makes up more than 15 percent of population• Most ethnic groups have their own language or dialect• Ethnic groups divided by separate languages and ways of life• Kenyan government has struggled to overcome ethnic divisions o Can’t provide a sense of unity
  9. 9. Society• Most people live on small farm settlements o Raise crops and livestock for a living• Rural farm families produce food for their own use• Farmers also hold part- time jobs to add to their income• Work part time on large farm estates
  10. 10. • Republic Politics• Constitution o 1963 o Freedom of speech and religion• 18 years may vote• President• Voters elect the members of the Natio• Divided into 47 counties o For purposes of local government o Each is run by a governor, count assembly, and other local authorities• From 1982-1991 o Only one political party allowed • Kenya African National Union (KANU)• 1991 o Other parties legalized o Orange Democratic Movement and Orange Democratic Movement-Kenya
  11. 11. Works CitedCorrigan, Jim. Kenya. Ed. Robert I Rotberg. Philadelphia : Mason Crest Publishers , 2005. Print.Gatheru, R. Mugo. Kenya: From Colonization to Independence, 1888-1970. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2005. Print."Kenya." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2012. Web. 17 May 2012.Melton, J. Gordon. "Kenya." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 21 May 2012. Credits sc=4&em=pc037075