Chapter1

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Research Methods in Education 6th Edition

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Chapter1

  1. 1. PARADIGMS OF SOCIAL RESEARCH © LOUIS COHEN, LAWRENCE MANION & KEITH MORRISON
  2. 2. STRUCTURE OF THE CHAPTER • The search for truth • Two conceptions of social reality • Positivism • The assumptions, nature and tools of science • The scientific method • Criticisms of positivism and the scientific method • Naturalistic approaches • Normative and interpretive paradigms • Phenomenology, ethnomethodology, symbolic interactionism • Criticisms of naturalistic and interpretive approaches • Mixed methods research • Post-positivism, post modernism and post-structuralism • Complexity theory
  3. 3. PARADIGMS OF SOCIAL RESEARCH COMPLEXITY THEORY INTERPRETIVE MIXED METHODS POST-POSITIVIST POST- STRUCTURALIST POST-MODERNIST POSITIVIST
  4. 4. POSITIVISM (MACRO) NOMOTHETIC, LAWS OBJECTIVITY CAUSALITY NATURAL SCIENCE BASIS GENERALIZATION PREDICTION CONTROL, MANIPULATION QUANTIFICATION, LARGE SCALE
  5. 5. POSITIVIST DESIGN REVIEW PREVIOUS LITERATURE FORMULATE HYPOTHESIS DESIGN RESEARCH COLLECT DATA IDENTIFY TOPIC ANALYZE DATA REPORT FINDINGS LOOK FOR ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATIONS START PROCESS AGAIN NO YES
  6. 6. POSITIVIST METHODS EXPERIMENTS SURVEYS TESTS
  7. 7. INTERPRETIVE PARADIGM (MICRO) NATURALISTIC SPECIFIC/NON- GENERALIZABLE SUBJECTIVITY, INTENTIONALITY UNDERSTANDING/ INTERPRETATION IDIOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION CONTEXT-BOUND AGENCY FLUIDITY, CHANGE MULTIPLE PERSPECTIVES
  8. 8. INTERPRETIVE/ETHNOGRAPHIC LITERATURE REVIEW IDENTIFY TOPIC RESEARCH DESIGN DATA COLLECTION DATA ANALYSIS ELABORATION OF CONCEPTS/THEORIES REPORT OF FINDINGS
  9. 9. NATURALISTIC METHODS ETHNOGRAPHY NARRATIVES, DOCUMENTS THICK DESCRIPTION OBSERVATION INTERVIEWS
  10. 10. NUMBERS, MEASUREMENT SURVEY, EXPERIMENT POSITIVIST APPROACHES ETHNOGRAPHY NATURALISTIC APPROACHES INTERVIEW OBSERVATION CASE STUDY ACTION RESEARCH
  11. 11. NUMBERS, MEASUREMENT SURVEY ACTION RESEARCH MIXED METHODS ETHNOGRAPHY EXPERIMENT INTERVIEW HISTORICAL & DOCUMENTARY OBSERVATION CASE STUDY META- ANALYSIS VIRTUAL WORLDS
  12. 12. MULTIPLE REALITIES INTERPRETIVE RELATIVIST POST-POSITIVISM, POST- STRUCTURALISM & POSTMODERNISM NO GRAND NARRATIVES CONTEXT & TEMPORALITY DIFFERENCE & DIVERSITY DISCOURSES PHENOMENOLOGY CONTRADICTORY DISCOURSES AGENCY & INDIVIDUALISM MULTIPLE MEANINGS
  13. 13. COMPLEXITY THEORY Complex adaptive systems Non-linear systems Open systems Relationships Emergence Connected- ness Order without control Distributed control Feedback/ communi- cation Self- organization Holism

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