Art Movements Sixth Grade Presentations Spring 2012
Fauvism Anna KankkunenFauvism is a style of art that started during thebeginning of the twentieth century. Post-impressionists experiments with paint application,subject matter, form and most importantly,ordinary unmixed was what started the Fauvismstyle. It was started primarily by a group of artistswho called themselves, Les Fauves, meaning "thewild beasts" in french. The groups reputation grewover time, but almost as soon as they wererecognized, the group split up.The Fauves, who were very much like van Gogh,wanted to paint using colors to express theiremotions instead of to draw exactly what they see.Andre Derain once said, "I used colors as a meansof expressing my emotion and not as atranscription of nature." Matisse also once said,"There is nothing more difﬁcult for a truly creativepainter than to pain a rose because before he cando so, he has to forget all the roses ever painted."Andre Derain and Matisse were the leaders of theFauves and these quotes explain the basics of theFauvism style. One example of a Fauvism painting is the one to the right. The colors are very bright and are not entirely realistic. It is also a bit abstract. This painting is by Matisse and is called "Woman With A Hat".
Kinetic Art Janna Ramadan Kinetic art was created in Paris in 1955 inspired from Dada. Kinetic means movement and that is exactly what kinetic art is. Kinetic art was made to encourage people that art doesn’t always have to be traditional, but instead optical illusions or objects that move. Kinetic was soon split into two groups Jean Tinguely who made mechanical movement art and Victor Vasarely was more interested in optical illusions and illusion movement. These two artists brought the two different parts of kinetic art together and made them so special.Victor was taught in Bauhaus ideas and founded optical illusions. He created it by mixing black and white in different patterns to create a ﬂickering look. Then the start of the creation of mechanized movement began. They used normal movements to examine objects in outer space. They also used geometric shapes to make them have a sense of shape. These mechanical movement machines would move by hand or air. Kinetic art made the start of Op art, which would continue to gain the attention of the public. Each different art would change into the next as Dada moved into Kinetic and that moved into Op.In the 1960’s Op art took the attention of the public and museums. Soon after that Kinetic art would soon decline in artists interests.You can still ﬁnd some examples of kinetic art in museums, but it is not as common as it was when it was ﬁrst created.Jean Tinguely Narva 1961
Symbolism Max EllsworthUnlike most art movements, symbolism has a very uniquestyle of its own. Symbolism started in the later part of the19th century in Europe, and later inﬂuenced the beginningof other art movements. While some aspects of symbolismare simple to understand, others are highly thought-provoking.Symbolism art can exhibit many different scenes, but isalways structured around either a magical or preternaturalreligious context. Such examples are fairylike creatures inmystic locations, angelic people drifting though clouds,ghoulish monsters hiding in dark and grim places, and manymore of the same sort.Instead of directly showing its meaning, symbolisticpaintings require the viewer to give thought into eitherinterpreting what the artist was trying to say or in whatways they see the painting’s meaning. Although sometimesdifﬁcult to comprehend, symbolism is always fascinating,magical, and emotional. Edward Munch The Scream 1893
Hard-Edge Painting Peninah Hodin Hard-Edge paintings started in late 1959s and ended in early 1970s, with no true purpose except for enjoyment. It was ﬁrst made noticed by a Californian art critic, Jules Langsner. He was noticing an abstract art trend and decided to create an exhibit at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, which showed the work of artists Frederick Hammersly, Karl Benjamim, John McLaughlin, Lorser Feitelson, etc. Now this type of art was becoming very popular in California and was spreading fast. The exhibit eventually traveled to England and Ireland, and a British art critic subtitled the show California Hard-Edge. People say that Hard-Edge painting has combinations of artists such as Mondrian, Albers, and Reinhardt. Today, the phrase “Hard-Edge paintings” is used to describe some strange tendencies in abstract painting.Frank Stella Moultonboro II 1965 Hard-Edge painting means an abstract style that mixes geometric painting with the intense forms of Color Field painting. It is bold and from faraway, looks very common, yet very unique and individual. This type of art is known for its “economy of form, fullness of color, impersonal execution, and smooth surface planes. (http:// www.theartstory.org/movement-hard-edge-painting.htm#, by: Justin Wolf)” Eventually, this style of work fell from use as different types of abstract painting moved in and Hard-Edge painting became just a term for types of art. A very famous artist who used Hard-Edge painting is Frank Stella (May 12, 1936- present). In my opinion, I think that Hard- Edge painting is a fun, cool, abstract style. I found it to have an interesting background and realized that Hard- Edge painting is still around today, just under a different name. I ﬁnd it to be a very bold and expressing type of work. Frank Stella Luna Wola II 1973
Conceptual Art Sara Molho Conceptual art is a movement that becameknown in the mid 1960s. Marcel Duchamp was one ofthe ﬁrst artist to champion this way of artistic thinkingback in 1910. He was a great believer in understandingthat art was about free and creative artistic though.Hethought that the necessary motor skills that areneeded to connect the brain to the hand and then tothe paint brush are not needed in order to create amaster piece. A great example of early conceptual artthat conveys the ideas outlined above is MarcelDuchamps Fountain. The idea that art could take anyform shocked the art world and created divisions ofhighly insulted art spectators and highly inspiredspectators and artists.The term Conceptual art wasntoriginated until the 1950s. The term conceptual artwas ﬁrst used by Edward Kienholz. Other famousconceptual artists are Robert Barry, Joseph Kosuth,Chris Burden, Mel Bochner,Vito Acconci. "Conceptual Art", which began as a movementamong the many artistic trends of the sixties, conceivedto demonstrate precedence of the artists envisionedconcept over the technique employed for itspresentation, was found to encompass far more than itscontemporary movements and was a major inﬂuence This artwork is called “ One and Three Chairs”. It was made by Josephon later trends. So great was this effect that while many Kosuth in 1965. It is made out of Wood folding chair, mountedof these art-forms have possess distinct characteristics photograph of a chair, and photographic enlargement of a dictionaryand individual names, they are collectively based on the deﬁnition of "chair".aesthetic viewpoints of Conceptual Art.
Abstract Impressionism Timothy Lynch This art movement began in the United States on the 1940s and continued on until 1970. Artists ﬂed Europe during World War II and landed in New York City. There were a lot of artists living there and they started a new type of art that was called Abstract Impressionism. New York City became the new center for the arts in the world. Art in Europe was temporarily a disaster due to the war. The meaning of Abstract Impressionism is that the artist retains the most important part of the subject. They keep the main idea in mind, and the rest of the painting seems wild and all over the place. A lot of the times you can’t tell what the painting is and sometimes you can. I wanted to know more about Abstract Impressionism because I have some paintings in my living room, and I wanted to know more about them. Now I do know a lot of things about them, and I am happy about that.Abstract Impressionism is my favorite art period because I think it has an interesting past. I like the style. Some famous artists that were Abstract Impressionists were Jean Paul Riopelle, Arshile Gorky, Jackson Pollock, and William de Kooning who coined the name – Abstract Impressionism. SomeArshile Gorky One Year the Milkweed 1944 famous paintings from these artists are in museums, and some sell for a fortune at Christie’s and Sotheby’s auction houses. Abstract Impressionism usually describes feelings and emotions and a lot of energy. The brush strokes are large and fast. Some artists don’t even use paint brushes. The artist pours the paint, splashes the paint or scrapes the canvas with knives and other tools. A famous Jackson Pollock painting is “Splashed” and it looks like it was splashed with paint. The paintings can be very colorful or they could be black and white.
Abstract Expressionism Emnet Sisay Abstract Expression is ﬁlled withmovement and texture. Abstract Expressionhas many themes concepts and styles. Oneexample of that was Surrealism. Surrealism isalmost entirely leaned towards color andshape. The artist Picasso often used this stylewhen painting. Abstract was very successful andpopular to many artist’s. Many artist’s havechanged this style to ﬁt themselves. Likemaking it more detailed or using manly onecolor instead of many scattered along theirpainting. By the late 1950’s Abstract Expressionhad lost it’s place in the art world as manyother new movements came along as thenewer generation came.Younger artist’s triedto keep it alive, but failed. With thismovement’s contemporary look some are Jackson Pollock Stenographic Figure 1942still using it.
Pop Art Jonathan Elliott Pop Art started in England around the years 1950 and 1960. But it got really going in New York around 1970. Pop Art is still around today in many forms but the most well known examples is Mickey Mouse. Pop Art came around at the end of World War II. The rationing had just ended so items, such as soup cans, had gone into mass production. Some of the artists based their work on the soup cans and other mass- produced items such as cigarettes and beer. Pop Art is kind of cartoony and very colorful and hard edged.George Segal Walk, Don’t Walk 1976 Some people say that Pop Art started because artists didn’t want to do Abstract Expressionism because they thought those artists were greedy because they would only sell to rich people at absurdly high prices. The goal of Pop Art was to prove that Abstract Expressionism wasn’t the only form of good art and that other people actually understand Pop Art. Five good pop artists are Peter Blake, Jim Dine, George Segal, Hans Haacke, and Richard Linder. Peter Blake Art Bus 2008-2009
Op Art Chad BatchelderOp Art comes from the Bauhaus which was a school inGermany. The Bauhaus closed in 1933, and that is whenOp Art was introduced to America. People chose todo Op Art because illusions make people think and alsomake people want to look at a painting that catchestheir eye. The ﬁrst piece of Op Art was made in 1966.This creation was made by an English painter namedBridget Riley. Even though Op Art started in Germany,Riley was fascinated by the work and decided to createher own.Op is short for Optical. Op Art is a painting that showsan Optical Illusion. The deﬁnition of illusion is an imagethat when you look at them, your eye and brain don’tagree. Therefore, your eyes look at the painting thinkingthat something on the painting is moving when it reallyisn’t. For example, if you stare at the center of anoptical illusion painting that is circular then look aroundthe room, you will notice that there are circles spinningaround the room from the direction of the circularillusion that you have just looked at.Some artists who chose to create Op Art as a careerare people such as Bridget Riley who created the ﬁrstpiece of Op Art, Yaacov Agam, Josef Albers, RichardAllen, Getulio Alviani, and the list goes on. These artistswere inspired by the optical illusions and have been Bridget Riley Movement in Squares 1961inspiring others as well.
Abstract Expressionism Casey Hurley Abstract Expressionism was an art movement from 1943-1965. Most of the artists were inﬂuenced by “the eras leftist politics.” Abstract Expressionism is a unique type of art that is very abstract, and there is a lot of expression. Abstract Expressionism was very popular during World War ll. Many artists that are associated with this art period developed in the early 1930s. Jackson Pollock was the most well known Abstract Expressionist and was a key example of Action Painting. His work combined elements of Cubism, Surrealism, and Impressionism. John Graham played an important role in the development of Abstract Expressionism. He was an expert on Cubism and Surrealism, and used his knowledge to tutor young abstract artists. Although the artwork was still displayed, by the late 50s, Abstract Expressionism lost its place “at theJackson Pollock #1 center or critical debate” and another generation was at the beginning of success.
Prehistoric Art Claudia InglessisFor my art movement I chose Prehistoric Art. This art islinked to cavemen, and other early humans. Most of thisart is made up of humans and animals, representing thetraditions and customs of the people in that timeperiod. The materials used are said to be simple paintsmade out of natural materials. The only colors that areprominent are black and red. Cavemen also made art byengraving stones.This is an example of cave art. Art like this isdistinguishable, because of the location, color, andimages. The location was almost always the walls ofcaves that have existed for thousands of years. Colorwas not very important to these artists, because therewas not variety in their options. The only paint they hadwas made out of materials like berries or wet bark.Almost always, cave images portrayed animalsinteracting with people that were oftentimes trying tohunt them down. The style is distinguishable, because Deer and Hunters 17,000BCEtheir drawings consisted of lean ﬁgures with strange Unknown Shaman, Paleolithicproportions interacting with silhouettes of animals. Cave Painting Lascaux, FranceThis example is different, because it has different colorsand patterns. The colors are different because they arelighter and have more variety. The pattern is morestructured, because the artist had a better idea of theexact product they wanted. Another difference in thispainting is possibilities for creation. Several hands, oronly one could have made this painting. It could havebeen made by an early paintbrush, or ﬁngers.