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Imagine that you are planning a trip to Hawaii this summer and need some information to help you plan…
Types of Reference Tools There are different reference resources you can use to find different information to help you plan your trip to Hawaii:
Reference SectionMost libraries have a special collectionof books that are written to help youquickly find information.Where is the reference section located inour library?
Dictionary A dictionary provides information about words. spelling pronunciation word meaning part of speech (noun, verb, adjective, etc.)Entry words are in alphabetical order.Guide words are the words at the top ofevery page. They tell you the first andlast word on that page.
Dictionary Use if you wonder: “Where did this word come from?” an adjective?”“Is this word a noun or “What does this word mean?” “How do I pronounce this word?”
Thesaurus Gives you words with similar or related meanings Synonyms (words with almost the same meaning) Antonyms (opposites) Guide words Sometimes provides sentence examples Useful when writing (to make it more interesting orchange the tone)
Thesaurus Use if you wonder:“What is another word that means the same things as…”
EncyclopediaUsually a set of booksOrganized alphabetically in volumesSpecific topicContains general information about famous people, places and things.
Encyclopedia Use if you wonder:“Where can I get an overview of World War II? “What is a brief history of man’s journey into space?” “Who was Neil Armstrong?”
AlmanacLots of quick facts and informationVery currentPublished each yearNot alphabeticalUse index to find page number
Almanac Use if you wonder: “What is the tallest…longest…oldest…?”“What is the average temperature of this city in May?”“Where can I see a graph of the cities with the most air pollution?”
Answer the following questions to review what you learned about reference tools and howthese tools could help you learn more about Hawaii before your trip!
You know that you will say the word “beautiful” a lot onyour trip. Where could you look to find a different word touse instead that means the same as “beautiful”? a. Almanac b. Encyclopedia c. Thesaurus d. Dictionary
Summing up…Now you know how to find information in reference booksto plan for your vacation.With this knowledge, you can plan a trip anywhere in theworld.Reading really can take you on an unforgettable journey!
REMEMBER! Choose the best referenceresource to find information quickly!