Tchaikovsky’s Romeo and Juliet Fantasy Overture<br />
Pyotr Tchaikovsky (1840-1893)<br />Tchaikovsky achieved huge popularity during his lifetime<br />His music has a distinctl...
Romantic composer<br />Romantic music was primarily concerned with fantasy and expression, rather than structure. In many ...
Romeo and Juliet Fantasy Overture<br />Independent one movement work<br />Fantasy element allows us to indulge our imagina...
The Friar Lawrence theme<br />Friar Lawrence is the peace keeper and represents the voice of reason<br />The theme is calm...
The Friar Lawrence Theme<br />This section is first heard in the introduction on the clarinet and bassoon<br />It is in F#...
The Strife Theme<br />Conflict is at the heart of Shakespeare’s play (feuding Capulet and Montague families)<br />Ultimate...
The Strife Theme<br />Also known as the First Subject in Sonata Form<br />This startling theme appears first at the start ...
The Love Theme<br />The forbidden love affair between Romeo and Juliet is the foundation for the whole play<br />The Love ...
The Love Theme<br />This theme is also known as the Second Subject part 1<br />It first appears in the second half of the ...
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Tchaikovsky’s romeo and juliet fantasy overture

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Introduction to the work (5th years)

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Tchaikovsky’s romeo and juliet fantasy overture

  1. 1. Tchaikovsky’s Romeo and Juliet Fantasy Overture<br />
  2. 2. Pyotr Tchaikovsky (1840-1893)<br />Tchaikovsky achieved huge popularity during his lifetime<br />His music has a distinctly Russian combination of passion and wistfulness.<br />He wrote many types of music, amongst them were concertos, symphonies, chamber music and ballets.<br />His most famous pieces include the 1812 Overture, the Romeo and Juliet Fantasy Overture and his three ballets, Swan Lake, The Nutcracker and The Sleeping Beauty – not bad for someone who early teachers considered to be average at best!<br />
  3. 3. Romantic composer<br />Romantic music was primarily concerned with fantasy and expression, rather than structure. In many ways Tchaikovsky was a typical Romantic composer. Romantic features of this work include:<br />Extra-musical programme of the work. The themes are inspired by Shakespeare’s characters<br />The imaginative use of a large orchestra<br />Beautiful lyrical melodies that allowed the themes to grow and develop<br />Contrasting textures, keys and tempi<br />The creative use of unexpected keys<br />Expanded classical structures<br />
  4. 4. Romeo and Juliet Fantasy Overture<br />Independent one movement work<br />Fantasy element allows us to indulge our imagination when listening to it<br />It is in common time<br />It is in B minor<br />Its form is an extended Sonata Form<br />It is based on three main themes, each of which has its own specific features<br />
  5. 5. The Friar Lawrence theme<br />Friar Lawrence is the peace keeper and represents the voice of reason<br />The theme is calm, rising and up-lifting<br />As the work unfolds the theme becomes more agitated and demanding, through an altering of instrumentation, pitch and accompaniment<br />
  6. 6. The Friar Lawrence Theme<br />This section is first heard in the introduction on the clarinet and bassoon<br />It is in F# minor and has a homophonic texture at first<br />It has a hymn-like, chorale quality, with a very steady pulse<br />Later, in the development and recapitulation sections of the work it combines with the Strife theme to show how Friar Lawrence attempted to resolve the conflict<br />
  7. 7. The Strife Theme<br />Conflict is at the heart of Shakespeare’s play (feuding Capulet and Montague families)<br />Ultimately this conflict puts a tragic end to Romeo and Juliet’s love<br />A violent and pulsating 4-bar theme is used to represent the strife<br />As the story darkens this theme becomes louder and more incessant and takes over the work, interrupting the other themes<br />Generally this strong theme remains unchanged throughout the work, showing the immovable presence of the feuding families right up until the end<br />
  8. 8. The Strife Theme<br />Also known as the First Subject in Sonata Form<br />This startling theme appears first at the start of the exposition (bars 112-115)<br />It is in B minor and is homophonic in texture<br />It is first played by flutes and first violins accompanied by the remaining wind, horns, timpani and strings<br />It is notable for its repetition and its syncopated and dotted rhythm<br />A number of other motifs are part of the Strife mood<br />
  9. 9. The Love Theme<br />The forbidden love affair between Romeo and Juliet is the foundation for the whole play<br />The Love Theme is undoubtedly the most famous and well loved section of Tchaikovsky’s work<br />It is a long expansive melody full of emotion<br />Tchaikovsky alters this theme the most to show how the love between Romeo and Juliet grows against all odds, even after death<br />
  10. 10. The Love Theme<br />This theme is also known as the Second Subject part 1<br />It first appears in the second half of the exposition, played by the CorAnglaisand Viola<br />It is played in D flat major though we expected to hear it in D major<br />The strings use mutes (con sordini) to quieten their sound<br />The low strings provide a pizzicato accompaniment<br />There is a rising harp arpeggio at the end of the theme<br />Later in the work, in the coda, the love theme is presented in an altered, minor sounding form. This reflects the lovers’ deaths.<br />

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