Refugees intro


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Introduction to the current statistics, myths and major source/host countries.

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Refugees intro

  1. 1. UNIT 4 Refugees
  2. 2. By the end of 2010…… <ul><li>There were 43.7 million people worldwide forcibly displaced due to conflict or persecution </li></ul>About the same as the WHOLE population of Spain
  3. 3. <ul><li>Of these, 15.4 million people where refugees </li></ul>
  4. 4. Refugee Article 1 of the Convention as amended by the 1967 Protocol &quot;A person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it..
  5. 5. MYTH: Asylum seekers who arrive by boat are illegal DID YOU KNOW: It is legal to seek asylum in Australia, even if you arrive on a boat without a visa. Seeking asylum is a legal right guaranteed under Australian and international law, and it is against the law for governments to punish asylum seekers no matter how they get here. MYTH: Asylum seekers who arrive by boat are queue jumpers. DID YOU KNOW: Asylum seekers are not breaking the rules, even if they arrive by boat. For 99 per cent of people who need protection, seeking asylum in another country is their only choice. Resettlement through the UN (‘the queue’) is only available for a very small group, and the resettlement program exists to work with the asylum system, not to replace it.
  6. 6. MYTH: If all they want is protection, they could stay in Indonesia or Malaysia. DID YOU KNOW: Most asylum seekers do stay in countries like Iran, Pakistan Indonesia and Malaysia. But these places do not protect asylum seekers or refugees, so some are forced to flee further afield. Even then, most asylum seekers head for Europe and America. There is no country between Afghanistan and Australia that has signed the Refugee Convention.
  7. 7. MYTH: Asylum seekers are just after a better job. DID YOU KNOW: Nearly all asylum seekers who arrive by boat are found to be refugees fleeing persecution, war and violence. The definition of a refugee is internationally-agreed and a low economic status is not grounds for being recognised as a refugee. MYTH: Asylum seekers should get help from the UN in their country. DID YOU KNOW: It is often very difficult, and even impossible, for asylum seekers to get help from the UN. Often they don’t even know the UN exists, or it is too dangerous to go to the city where the UN office is. Even if they are able to contact the UN and get UN refugee status, there may be little the UN can do to assist them – you cannot seek asylum from within your own country.
  8. 8. MYTH: If asylum seekers can afford to get here, they don’t need protection. DID YOU KNOW: It costs between $5,000 and $20,000 to seek asylum in Australia. Many asylum seekers are not wealthy, but borrow money from relatives and/or sell land and possessions to make the journey to safety. MYTH: Asylum seekers destroy their identity documents to get refugee status. DID YOU KNOW: When escaping oppressive governments or sudden violence, it is often impossible to bring or get a passport, or these documents are lost or stolen during the long journey to safety. In some cases, people are told that they have a better chance of protection if they destroy their documents but governments can and should assess asylum claims and protect refugees, even without identity documents.
  9. 9. MYTH: Australia accepts its fair share of refugees. Australia protects about 13,750 refugees each year. This is less than 0.1 per cent of the world’s refugees. When compared with other countries we only rank 68th in refugees per capita.
  10. 10. Definitions Asylum Seeker is a person who has fled their own country and applies to the government of another country for protection as a refugee. Refugee Status This is given to asylum seekers once the host nation conducts an assessment and determines whether they meet the requirements of the refugee definition Migrant a person that moves from one region, place, or country to another
  11. 11. Definitions Stateless Persons persons who are not considered as nationals by any State under the operation of its law. Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) people or groups of individuals who have been forced to leave their homes or places of habitual residence Refugee Status Determination The process by which claims for asylum are investigated, history is listened to, documents are checked and status is decided.
  12. 12. Where do most refugees come from?
  13. 13. Where do most refugees go?
  14. 14. Refugee-sending Countries War is certainly the most compelling factor in forcing refugee migration. Shown are the sending countries, those whose internal situations propelled people to leave.
  15. 15. Destination Countries
  16. 16. Internal Displacement This map provides an indication of the geographical extent and numbers of people displaced from their livelihoods and homes but still living within their own countries.
  17. 17. Technicalities of the definition <ul><li>What is meant by ‘persecuted’? </li></ul><ul><li>Generally thought of as violations of human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights were established in 1948 as a direct result of the treatment of Jews in Nazi Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>The document states that every person is entitled to basic human rights. These rights reaffirm the dignity and worth of all human beings no matter what a person’s race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status. </li></ul><ul><li>Interestingly.... </li></ul><ul><li>Article 9. - No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Must be for one of the five reasons in the definition </li></ul><ul><li>race </li></ul><ul><li>religion </li></ul><ul><li>nationality </li></ul><ul><li>membership of a particular social group </li></ul><ul><li>political opinion. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender is not included. However, can be incorporated into other reasons such as ‘member of a particular social group ’ </li></ul>