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  1. 1. When you google “american food”:<br />FOOD<br />
  3. 3. LIVESTOCK<br />Loose standards for treatment of animals<br />Animals raised in cramped pens or cages<br />Growth hormones are used to make the animals grow faster<br /><br />Antibiotics used to control disease<br />
  4. 4. LIVESTOCK<br />Free range might not be a good alternative<br />Chickens kept for eggs can not be kept in cages but can still be confined in sheds<br />Chickens for meat must have access to outdoors, but no certain size<br />Cows and sheep must be kept on a range and be grass fed, also no certain size<br />No hormones used, but feed can still have pesticides<br />
  5. 5. FISHING<br />Small boat fisherman catch for themselves and sell what is left over<br />Many have lost their jobs<br />Huge ships can catch millions of fish in a few days<br />This makes it easy for fish to be over harvested and cause shortages<br />Fish farming keeps lots of fish in cramped tanks<br />This leads to the spread of disease between the fish<br />The farmers need to put poisons in the water to stop the spread of disease<br />
  6. 6. FARMS<br />Most food in the store comes from industrial farms.<br />Large amounts of food can be produced and distributed world wide<br />Guarantees you will have what you need when you need it<br />Relies heavily on pesticides and fossil fuels<br />Can cause harm to the environment<br />Can also be grown organically<br />No pesticides used in growing the crops<br />Takes more skill to grow the crops<br />Usually does not produce as many crops as industrial farms<br />Usually sold locally for more money<br />
  7. 7. PROCESSING<br />Almost all the food we buy has been processed in some way<br />It is done to make food last longer or taste better<br />Examples of preserving include; drying, freezing, pickling, canning, bottling, and salting<br />The most common ways to make food taste better are to add either sugar, salt, and/or fat<br />Food is a huge business and they will do whatever they can to make money<br />
  8. 8. A FEW OTHER IDEAS TO THINK ABOUT…<br />Buy local/organic foods<br />No pesticides and not as many fossil fuels used for harvesting and transportation<br />Grow your own food<br />Good for you and environment<br />Cook meals at home<br />Save money<br />
  10. 10. FAST FOOD & RESTAURANTS<br />Fast food is food which is prepared and served quickly at outlets called fast-food restaurants but before you take a bite of a fast food, do you ever stop to consider what has been involved in the preparation of it and it was prepared?<br />How sanitary was the process? <br />Do you ever stop to consider that you could be putting yourself at risk each and every time you choose to trust others in the preparation of your food?<br /><br /><br />
  11. 11. FOOD SUPPOSED TO SERVE IN MEAN TIME<br />When food is cooked and left out for more than 2 hours at room temperature, bacteria can multiply quickly. <br />Most bacteria grow undetected because they do not produce an "off" odor or change the color or texture of the food. Which gives rise to microbial growth like Salmonella and E. coli <br />Plush Salmonella <br />on<br />$7.99 each.<br />
  12. 12. RESTAURANT FOOD POISONING ETIQUETTE <br />I Didn’t Order Salmonella<br />
  13. 13. WHAT DOES MCDONALD’S DO TO PRESERVE THEIR FOOD?<br />McDonald's seems to be the villain in the never ending battle of good food versus evil food. There is so much information floating around out there about the famous golden arches, that it's hard to know what is true and what is just hype.<br /><br />
  15. 15. Where Does Our Food Come From?<br />
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  19. 19. Why is it so expensive to eat healthy?<br /><br />Healthy food is rich in nutrients and low in calories<br />Price of healthy food increased over 20% in two years<br />Healthy eating is becoming unaffordable<br />People never thought that it might be that expensive<br />
  20. 20. Organic Food & Vegetarian Diets<br />Organic food<br />Really regulated industry, special certificates<br />Not everybody can afford it, healthy<br /><br />Vegetarian diets<br />A diet on plant-based foods<br />Usually people who concerned with animal rights, environment<br />Must eat wide variety of food to meet their needs<br /><br />
  21. 21. The Old Pyramid<br />
  22. 22. The New Pyramid<br />The small yellow area is oils (sugar has been removed from the pyramid.)<br />
  23. 23. Why the Change?<br />Many blamed the old pyramid for childhood obesity.<br />Many people misunderstood the range in what to eat and how much they should consume or couldn’t understand it.<br />The new pyramid is more interactive.<br />No more servings, just recommendations (according to a 2,000 calorie diet) along with better eating and exercise habits.<br />
  24. 24. Grains: Whole and Refined<br />Any food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley or another cereal grain is a grain product. Bread, pasta, oatmeal, breakfast cereals, tortillas, and grits are examples of grain products.<br />Refined grains:<br />cornbread*<br />corn tortillas*<br />couscous*<br />crackers*<br />flour tortillas*<br />grits<br />noodles*<br />Pasta*<br />spaghetti<br />macaroni<br />Whole grains:<br />brown rice<br />buckwheat<br />bulgur (cracked wheat)<br />oatmeal<br />popcorn<br />Ready-to-eat breakfast cereals:<br />whole wheat cereal flakes<br />muesli<br />whole grain barley<br />whole grain cornmeal<br />whole rye<br />whole wheat bread<br />whole wheat crackers<br />whole wheat pasta<br />whole wheat sandwich buns and rolls<br />whole wheat tortillas<br />wild rice<br />Less common whole grains:<br />amaranth<br />millet<br />quinoa<br />sorghum<br />triticale<br />pitas*<br />pretzels<br />Ready-to-eat breakfast cereals<br />corn flakes<br />white bread<br />white sandwich buns and rolls<br />white rice.<br />
  25. 25. Vegetables<br />Orange vegetables:<br />acorn squash<br />butternut squash<br />carrots<br />hubbard squash<br />pumpkin<br />sweet potatoes<br />Any vegetable or 100% vegetable juice counts as a member of the vegetable group. Vegetables may be raw or cooked; fresh, frozen, canned, or dried/dehydrated; and may be whole, cut-up, or mashed.<br />okra<br />onions<br />parsnips<br />tomatoes<br />tomato juice<br />vegetable juice<br />turnips<br />wax beans<br />zucchini<br />Dry beans and peas:<br />black beans<br />black-eyed peas<br />garbanzo beans (chickpeas)<br />kidney beans<br />lentils<br />lima beans (mature)<br />navy beans<br />pinto beans<br />soy beans<br />split peas<br />tofu (bean curd made from soybeans)<br />white beans<br />Dark green vegetables:<br />bokchoy<br />broccoli <br />collard greens<br />dark green leafy lettuce<br />kale<br />mesclun<br />mustard greens<br />romaine lettuce<br />spinach<br />turnip greens<br />watercress<br />Other vegetables:<br />artichokes<br />asparagus<br />bean sprouts<br />beets<br />Brussels sprouts<br />cabbage<br />cauliflower<br />celery<br />cucumbers<br />eggplant<br />green beans<br />green or red peppers<br />iceberg (head) lettuce<br />mushrooms<br />Starchy vegetables:<br />corn<br />green peas<br />lima beans (green)<br />potatoes<br />
  26. 26. Fruits<br />Some commonly eaten fruits are: <br />Apples<br />Apricots<br />Avocado<br />Bananas<br />Berries:<br />strawberries<br />blueberries<br />raspberries<br />Cherries<br />Grapefruit<br />Grapes<br />Kiwi fruit<br />Lemons<br />Limes<br />Mangoes<br />Melons:<br />cantaloupe<br />honeydew<br />watermelon<br />Mixed fruits:<br />fruit cocktail<br />Nectarines<br />Oranges<br />Peaches<br />Pears<br />Papaya<br />Pineapple<br />Plums<br />Prunes<br />Raisins<br />Tangerines<br />100% Fruit juice:<br />orange<br />apple<br />grape<br />grapefruit<br />Any fruit or 100% fruit juice counts as part of the fruit group. Fruits may be fresh, canned, frozen, or dried, and may be whole, cut-up, or pureed. <br />
  27. 27. Milk<br />All fluid milk products and many foods made from milk are considered part of this food group. Foods made from milk that retain their calcium content are part of the group, while foods made from milk that have little to no calcium, such as cream cheese, cream, and butter, are not. Most milk group choices should be fat-free or low-fat.<br />All fluid milk:<br />fat-free (skim)<br />low fat (1%)<br />reduced fat (2%)<br />whole milk<br />flavored milks:<br />chocolate<br />strawberry<br />lactose reduced milks<br />lactose free milks<br />Milk-based desserts:<br />Puddings made with milk<br />ice milk<br />frozen yogurt<br />ice cream<br />Hard natural cheeses:<br />cheddar<br />mozzarella<br />Swiss<br />parmesan<br />soft cheeses:<br />ricotta<br />cottage cheese<br />processed cheeses<br />American<br />All yogurt:<br />Fat-free<br />low fat<br />reduced fat<br />whole milk yogurt<br />
  28. 28. Nick Heppner<br />“Eat this, not that.”<br /><br />The Essential 6 Nutrient Groups<br /><br />
  29. 29. Meat & Beans<br />Dry beans and peas are the mature forms of legumes such as kidney beans, pinto beans, lima beans, black-eyed peas, and lentils. These foods are excellent sources of plant protein, and also provide other nutrients such as iron and zinc. They are similar to meats, poultry, and fish in their contribution of these nutrients. Many people consider dry beans and peas as vegetarian alternatives for meat. However, they are also excellent sources of dietary fiber and nutrients such as folate that are low in diets of many Americans. These nutrients are found in plant foods like vegetables.<br />Because of their high nutrient content, consuming dry beans and peas is recommended for everyone, including people who also eat meat, poultry, and fish regularly. The Food Guide includes dry beans and peas as a subgroup of the vegetable group, and encourages their frequent consumption—several cups a week—as a vegetable selection. But the Guide also indicates that dry beans and peas may be counted as part of the “meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts group.”<br />
  30. 30. Oils<br />Oils are fats that are liquid at room temperature, like the vegetable oils used in cooking. Oils come from many different plants and from fish. <br />Some common oils are:<br />Some oils are used mainly as flavorings, such as walnut oil and sesame oil. A number of foods are naturally high in oils, like:<br /><ul><li>nuts
  31. 31. olives
  32. 32. some fish
  33. 33. avocados
  34. 34. canola oil
  35. 35. corn oil
  36. 36. cottonseed oil
  37. 37. olive oil
  38. 38. safflower oil
  39. 39. soybean oil
  40. 40. sunflower oil</li></ul>Solid fats are fats that are solid at room temperature, like butter and shortening. Solid fats come from many animal foods and can be made from vegetable oils through a process called hydrogenation. Some common solid fats are:<br /><ul><li>butter
  41. 41. beef fat (tallow, suet)
  42. 42. chicken fat
  43. 43. pork fat (lard)
  44. 44. stick margarine
  45. 45. shortening</li></li></ul><li><br />
  46. 46. FOOD<br />