Modern dance powerpointt(1)

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Modern dance powerpointt(1)

  1. 1. Modern DanceDance of the twentieth century
  2. 2. Modern DanceIntention was to create anew free dance and teardown the old ballet regimeMultidimensionalOriginated in EuropeBy 1930, US had becomecenter for danceexperimentation
  3. 3. Choreographer vs Performer
  4. 4. Relationship of Movement to MusicIn traditional ballet- movement parallel to rhythmsof musicIn modern dance-Dance may be composed firstMomentum of dance may run counter to rhythmsof musicMusic may be absent
  5. 5. HistoryFirst 3 Decades (starting about 1900)Reaction against late 19thcentury balletIsadora DuncanTwo developmentsSystem of natural expressive gesturesEurhytmics
  6. 6. Isadora DuncanBorn May 27, 1878Youngest of 4Started dancing youngDance over formaleducationMother of moderndanceDid not believe informal ballet
  7. 7. Isadora DuncanLived in many parts ofthe worldHad many love affairsCriticized for what shedanced inTragedy made her notwant to dance anymoreCareer over in 1920sDied September 14,1927
  8. 8. Isadora Duncan ChoreographyThe Rose PetalsSistersDance of the Furies
  9. 9. Second Wave (1930)Rejected external movement sources in favor ofinternal onesMartha GrahamDefined modern dance and ballet in opposition toeach other
  10. 10. Martha GrahamBorn May 11, 1894Influence on dancecompared to influence ofPicasso on modern artEnrolled in DenishawnSchoolCritics described herdances as “ugly”Louis Horst“contraction and release”
  11. 11. Martha GrahamMartha Graham DanceCompanyDance career lasted 75yearsCollaborations withother modern artistsDances had “spazticjerks”Died April 1, 1991
  12. 12. Martha Graham ChoreographyLamentationSeraphic DialoguePrimitive Mysteries
  13. 13. Third Period (1945)Began after WWII ended and continues todayFound movement sources in proliferation of 20thcentury dance stylesMerce Cunningham revolutionized conventionaldanceNo longer interested in traditional techniques
  14. 14. Merce CunninghamBorn in Centralia, Washington in 1919Studied different styles as a kid
  15. 15. The BeginningJoined Martha Grahams Dance Company in 1939Questioned the use of music from the pastFelt too much concentration on style in moderndanceEvery movement had a meaningCurious about other possibilitiesBallet stimulated interests in mechanics of dancing
  16. 16. Interaction with John CageIn summer of 1942, at Grahams Company, joinedby Cagesuggested the use of music as a determinant inchoreographic structureCornerstone of postmodern danceVariations V [Excerpts]
  17. 17. InfluencesBoth deeply influenced by Zen Buddhism“Get out of his own way”The Book of Changes
  18. 18. Root of an Unfocus 1944Start of Cunninghams belief that the independenceof music and dance offered him greater expressivefreedom
  19. 19. Departure from Graham Company (1945)Experimented with motion for its own sakeStructure without meaningDancers had difficulty perceiving
  20. 20. ChanceWanted to represent deeper level of reality beyondsubjectivityBy surrendering to chance, hoped to avoid patternsDime a Dance
  21. 21. A dancer could be “standing still one moment,leaping or spinning the next. There were familiarand unfamiliar movements, but what wascontinuously unfamiliar was the continuity, freed asit was from the usual cause and effect relations”-Anton Dolin, Autobiography
  22. 22. ReactionsViewers can give their imaginations freedom towander-or-Feel boredom or anger
  23. 23. ChoreographyComposeddances withinterchangeablepartsNon repeatableperformances-reflects themultiplicity ofmodern life
  24. 24. TechnologyFor next 30 years, forged ahead into video thenbegan composing with computersComputer- tool for indicating movement he nolonger could
  25. 25. For people who “think”, his dances reflected theexpanded consciousness of the mid twentiethcentury
  26. 26. OverviewMovement more fluid and contains dynamichighlightsChoreography very diverse and can not bechategorized as any specific dance style

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