By: Emily Jeong
Luddism: a social protest movement that occurred during the early 1800’s. The
protestors broke into factories and destroyed machines as a response to the
Industrial Revolution. They felt these machines were leaving them unemployed.
Luddites believed that machines should not replace the work an individual can do.
Although the existence of Ned Lud has not been proven, the story of him purposely
smashing two knitting frames was the inspiration for the Luddites.
“I think the human race made a big mistake at the beginning of the industrial
revolution, we leaped for the mechanical things, people need the use of their hands to
feel creative.” –Andre Norton
“First man made hammer, then hammer made man.” –Marshall McLulan
I believe Luddism belongs in the Liberalism ice cream store because this ideology
focuses on the individual. They believe that the individual rather than a machine
should do work and Luddism is against cheap labor.
Chartists intended to correct the inequities remaining after the Reform act.
Chartism is the ideology that caused the movement for political and social reform in
Britain from 1838-1848.
Beliefs: People’s Charter of 1838
1) A man who is 21 years of age will be able to vote with no punishments.
2) Equal sized electoral districts ensuring the same amount of representation
for each vote.
3) Voting by secret ballots will protect the elector from his vote.
4) An end to the need for property qualification for parliament.
5) Pay for members of parliament
6) Annual elections.
William Lovett was one of the main thinkers towards Chartism. He was also one of
the leading London-based Artisan Radicals of his time.
This ideology would be included in the liberalism ice cream shop because the
charter is all about equality of the individual. When an individual would vote, this
charter secured the fact that they would be able to with no punishments and their
ballots would be confidential.
“Free admission was given to all who came cleanly in clothing and person; the
education given being reading, writing, arithmetic, grammar and geography will such
other kinds of information as was in our power to bestow.” -William Lovett
“A man willing to work, and unable to find work is perhaps the saddest sight that
fortune’s inequality exhibits under this sun.” – William Lovett
Utopian Socialists were humanitarians that believed in the concept of the ideal
society. They imagined a perfect world. They were trying to improve the lives of
other and reduce suffering and did not intend to overturn the basics of political,
economic, and social systems. They were idealistic over being pragmatic.
Robert Owen strongly believed that the harshness of life under laissez-faire
capitlism was responsible for corrupting human nature. Owen believed that an
individual could realize their potential in themselves if they had the freedom to
pursuer their own inclinations. He also believed that education was absolutely
necessary to a humane society. Owen established the “Institute for the Formation of
Character” which was a community education centre. His institute cared for infants
while parents worked and offered education to children until the age of 10. From 10
years old they would be sent out to work during the day and return to school in the
evenings. Education for adults were available as well and the institute sponsored
free medical care and recreational events. At a time were women were not treated
equally in society, Owen had an appeal for women and believed in equal rights for
"To train and educate the rising generation will at all times be the first object of
society, to which every other will be subordinate" – The Social System, 1826
"Women will be no longer made the slaves of, or dependent upon men…. They will be
equal in education, rights, privileges and personal liberty". (Book of the New Moral
World: Sixth Part, 1841)
I believe that the ideology of Utopian Socialists belong in the ice cream shop because
they believed in the concept of improving everyone’s lives and equal rights for
everyone even women during a time where they didn’t have equal rights. Utopian
socialists ideology agrees with the ideology of Liberalism.
Marxism is a radical form of socialism. Although this ideology was based upon Karl
Marx’s beliefs, he has stated that after seeing some of the things his “followers” were
doing, that he was not a Marxist. Marxist believed that the worker’s revolution was
necessary for a significant change in society to occur. The were heavily against
capitalism and strongly felt that all forms of capitalism was evil. Marxists believed
that in order for change in society to happen, violence had to be a factor. This
ideology believed in the abolition of all right of inheritance and confiscated all
property of emigrants and rebels. They believed that education should be free for
all children in public schools.
“Capital is dead labor, which, vampire-like, lives only by sucking living labor, and lives
the more, the more labor it sucks.” –Karl Marx
“The meaning of peace is the absence of opposition to socialism.” –Karl Marx
I would not put Marxism in my Liberalism ice cream store because although it
thinks about the individual, like believing in free education for all children, this
ideology removes the rights to private property that is essential in the belief of
Classical Conservatism had mixed perceptions on human nature. They thought that
self interest would eventually be harmful and that equality was not important. They
perceived society to be a hierarchy of layers and that elites had the right to rule.
Classical conservatists believed that customs and traditions were very important.
“All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing.” –Edmund
“All government, indeed every human benefit and enjoyment, every virtue, and every
prudent act, is founded on compromise and barter.”-Edmund Burke
I would not place classical conservatism in the liberalism ice cream store because
evidently, this ideology does not believe in the value of the individual. They believed
that society should run in a hierarchical manner and that people in higher positions
should have more influence on how the government should run.