Camera terminology


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Camera terminology

  2. 2. TYPE OF SHOT… • In this presentation I will be explaining the different types of shots that are used in photographs, films etc.… • I will be explaining what the shot are, where they are most likely used and why or what they may create within a photograph, film etc... • These are the different types of shots I will be explaining; • Very long shot • Long shot • I will also the explain what; • Medium long shot • Low • Eye level • Medium shot • High • Medium close up • Worms view • Close up • Canted • Big close up • Birds eye view • Extreme close up Are and why they might be used for different people point of view.
  3. 3. TYPES OF SHOT… • Very long shot: a very long shot is a shot taken from a long distance, this shot may be used to take in surroundings to then set the scene, for example a very long shot could be used at the start of a film to show where the film is set and give an idea of where the film is based. This would then give the viewer a more realistic understanding of the setting. • Long Shot: a long shot is similar to a very long shot however it closer to the camera that the other shot, a long shot may be used to take a full scale photograph of someone, a long shot would also be used in film to show a group of people standing around so to give the view a look at the people within the whole scene or it could be used to show a murder standing in the middle or a corridor which then adds suspense to the scene, the audience see the murder with a long shot so they then assume that something is going to happen in between the camera and the murder.
  4. 4. TYPE OF SHOT… • Medium long shot: a medium long shot is a short distance shot which if taken of a person would show from their knee’s up, so it bring the person closer however still being able to almost see all of them within the photo. This shot may be used within a conversation that is in the scene this could be of extras behind the main characters as there would be a more focused look on the main characters than the extras. • Medium shot: a medium shot is a short distance shot, this shot would show a person from the waist up, this shot is often used within films and TV programmes mainly within main character conversations or when pointing someone out. This gives the audience a better look of the characters, it lets them get a better understanding of who/what they are.
  5. 5. TYPE OF SHOT… • • Medium close up: a medium close up is a shot which is close to the camera which when filming a person would show from their shoulders and upwards, this shot can be used when showing a person speaking to the camera this shot would be used on newsreaders and sometimes presenters, it can also be when in a film if someone is hurt and on the floor by using this shot it shows the person is on the floor but the audience can then also tell how badly they are hurt. Close up: a close up I a shot with is quite close to the camera, a close up shot could be used to show the audience a closer look of a character, a close up could also be use to give the audience a better look of the surrounding or when something is going to happen within a film then using a close up of a certain spot within the film gives the audience a type of suspense by focusing on that one bit gives the indication that something bad will happen in that spot.
  6. 6. TYPE OF SHOT… A Big Close Up is a shot which is focused on the detail of an object or persons face, on a person this can show a lot of detail in the face It can give the audience a better perspective of a person, it can also create tension on screen if in a horror film, for example if in the scene its darkened lighting and there is a close up of someone’s face or a knife then it creates tensions between the audience and the characters. It can also be used to show the intensity and to show emotion of the characters. • A Extreme Close Up is a shot which is an extreme zoom on a persons face or object it can show extreme detail and is used to draw the viewer closer and involve them in what is happening, its also used to observe reactions and emotions within the scene, these emotion could be happiness sadness or tension, this shot can be used mostly to focus the attention on one character and position the audience with them. •
  7. 7. TYPE OF SHOT… • A Low Angle shot is a shot used to show the perspective of a subject from below eye level. It is mostly used to emphasise the size of an object when being film and to show for example of someone sitting down and looking up at another person, it can give a character a sense of power and authority and can make the character seem small and weak. • A Eye-Level shot is a shot which is used to show a conversation point, it can be used to show a persons point of view during a conversation. It’s a neutral shot, the camera is positioned so that it shows the observers point of view, when using a eye level shot in a film or TV programme it shows the sense of realism and emotion from someone else within the scene and show a deeper sense of emotion.
  8. 8. TYPE OF SHOT… • • A High Angle Shot is a shot which provides a view from above focusing down on the subject(s) a high angle shot can often show vulnerability an powerless and it can often shown them as isolated this can sometimes be combined with a crane shot which goes closer toward the subject(s) and gives them a more detailed view but still has the height of a high angle shot, in film or television a high angle shot would be used to show someone in a less powered position for example a child in a venerable dangerous situation and give the audience the emotion of the position. A Worms Eye View is a shot which provides a view from below focusing on the subject above, it’s the view from an inferior person which then shows the authority of a person above, in film or TV this shot would be used to show the subject(s) may be of a higher standing or a higher authority than the person .
  9. 9. TYPE OF SHOT… • A Birds Eye View is an elevated shot of an object from above, with a perspective as a bird . This shot shows the scene from directly overhead, its an unnatural and strange angle, when the shot is taken the object from below seems unrecognisable however it puts the audience in a godlike position, looking down on the action, people can be made to look insignificant .
  10. 10. LIGHTING… • High Key Lighting- is a brightly light scene which has very few shadow, this lighting is often used in a tv drama/film to make the character come across as happy, friendly and safe. High key lighting reduces the lighting ratio presented in the scene, so it takes the background a uses flashes to make it pure white to make the character look like the are stood behind a bright white background and focus solely on that character.
  11. 11. LIGHTING… • Low Key Lighting- is a scene which is dimly lit with lots of shadows, this lighting can often make a location or character seem shady, untrustworthy, dangerous or unsafe. Its used to show high contrast with a dark and light areas of the film/tv drama. The light is normally surrounding the subject illuminating on the contour of the shape, so the contrast is between dark shape and bright contour
  12. 12. LIGHTING… • Chiaroscuro Lighting- a scene that has been lit with extreme lighting, with may shadows and bright parts, its used to make a character seem dramatic and unusual, also shady, untrustworthy, dangerous and unsafe. • It creates a dramatic effect that is good to express the moods in films.
  13. 13. MISE EN SCENE • Body Shape And Language- this is the way the characters body looks and the way they hold their, for example confidently or slumping down, can show either a strong person or a an un interested person, also a cowering person shows someone who may be afraid scared, it tells us what type of person they are and how they feel about others. • Facial Features and Expressionthis is the way the character’s face looks and shows emotion, for example they way the face shows a shocked expression, sadness or a look of love, also comment on the way someone's interesting facial feature such as bad teeth, or large creepy eyes, it tells what type of person they are and how they feel about others.
  14. 14. MISE EN SCENE • Props- props are the items that are conveyed with a character and their possessions or pick ups or a bunch of flowers, they can show what a type of person is. • Costumes- this is what the character is wearing, commenting on the style of dress, shape, choice of this item, colour… they tell us a lot about the character and what type of person they are and how they are feeling, for example a floaty dress represents someone as being traditionally girly, a police uniform may be represented as some having authority and power, baggy shapeless clothes might suggest someone is shy, where as tight clothing might suggest they are clothing and flirtatious.
  15. 15. MISE EN SCENE • Hair and Makeup- the appearance of hair and make up of a character and the cosmetics the character is wearing such as lipstick or a skin head, they tell us thing about how confident a person is and other things about the character, for example a woman who is wearing very little make up so this person might be seen as naïve and innocent. • Voice and Tone- the way a character speaks tells us a lot, someone who may have a stutter might be seen as nervous, some one who shouts and scream may be angry and powerful