Topic 2 revolution in england

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Topic 2 revolution in england

  1. 3. <ul><li>Who is this well-dressed man? </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>Who is this well-dressed man? </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Years of James’ reign in England: </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Years of James’ reign in England: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1603 - 1625 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Years of James’ reign in England: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1603 – 1625 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The two main problems faced by James: </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Years of James’ reign in England: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1603 – 1625 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The two main problems faced by James: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Years of James’ reign in England: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1603 – 1625 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The two main problems faced by James: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliament </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><ul><li>What role did landowners play prior to England becoming a trading nation? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><ul><li>What role did landowners play prior to England becoming a trading nation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King’s and queen’s advisers. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><ul><li>What role did landowners play prior to England becoming a trading nation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King’s and queen’s advisers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which groups of people were looking for more power in the House of Commons? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><ul><li>What role did landowners play prior to England becoming a trading nation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King’s and queen’s advisers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which groups of people were looking for more power in the House of Commons? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Merchants and industrialists </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><ul><li>What was the most difficult problem for James? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which religious group was he adamant would not bully him? </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><ul><li>What was the most difficult problem for James? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which religious group was he adamant would not bully him? </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><ul><li>What was the most difficult problem for James? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which religious group was he adamant would not bully him? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Puritans </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. What was the Gunpowder Plot?
  16. 18. What was the Gunpowder Plot?
  17. 19. What was the Gunpowder Plot? <ul><li>A group of Catholics, angry by James’ attitude towards them, plotted to blow him up. One of the group revealed the plot to a Catholic lord and on the night of the 4 th of November, Guy Fawkes, who was on guard, was caught. </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>How did James try to gain support amongst Catholics? </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>How did James try to gain support amongst Catholics? </li></ul><ul><li>His son married a Catholic. </li></ul>
  20. 23. <ul><li>How did James try to gain support amongst Catholics? </li></ul><ul><li>His son married a Catholic. </li></ul><ul><li>What problems did this cause? </li></ul>
  21. 24. <ul><li>How did James try to gain support amongst Catholics? </li></ul><ul><li>His son married a Catholic. </li></ul><ul><li>What problems did this cause? </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament disagreed, and James dissolved it. </li></ul>
  22. 28. What decisions made Charles unpopular?
  23. 29. What decisions made Charles unpopular? Expensive wars, raise of more taxes, attempting to rule without Parliament.
  24. 30. What decisions made Charles unpopular? Expensive wars, raise of more taxes, attempting to rule without Parliament. How long did he do without Parliament?
  25. 31. What decisions made Charles unpopular? Expensive wars, raise of more taxes, attempting to rule without Parliament. How long did he do without Parliament? From 1629 - 1640
  26. 32. What started in 1642 and who were the two groups involved?
  27. 33. What started in 1642 and who were the two groups involved? Civil war began, which lasted 7 years and was fought between Royalists and Parliamentarians.
  28. 35. <ul><li>What are the factors which explain the start of the Civil War? </li></ul>
  29. 36. <ul><li>What are the factors which explain the start of the Civil War? </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Factors </li></ul>
  30. 37. <ul><li>What are the factors which explain the start of the Civil War? </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Political Factors </li></ul>
  31. 38. <ul><li>What are the factors which explain the start of the Civil War? </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Political Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Factors </li></ul>
  32. 39. <ul><li>What are the factors which explain the start of the Civil War? </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Political Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Social Factors </li></ul>
  33. 40. <ul><li>What are the factors which explain the start of the Civil War? </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Political Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Social Factors </li></ul>
  34. 41. The two sides in the war
  35. 42. The two sides in the war
  36. 43. The two sides in the war King - Cavaliers
  37. 44. The two sides in the war King - Cavaliers Parliament - Roundheads
  38. 45. The two sides in the war King - Cavaliers Parliament - Roundheads Landowners and Nobility
  39. 46. The two sides in the war King - Cavaliers Parliament - Roundheads Landowners and Nobility Church of England and Catholics
  40. 47. The two sides in the war King - Cavaliers Parliament - Roundheads Landowners and Nobility Church of England and Catholics North and West of England, Wales
  41. 48. The two sides in the war King - Cavaliers Parliament - Roundheads Landowners and Nobility Many merchants, industrialists and the Navy Church of England and Catholics North and West of England, Wales
  42. 49. The two sides in the war King - Cavaliers Parliament - Roundheads Landowners and Nobility Many merchants, industrialists and the Navy Church of England and Catholics Puritans North and West of England, Wales
  43. 50. The two sides in the war King - Cavaliers Parliament - Roundheads Landowners and Nobility Many merchants, industrialists and the Navy Church of England and Catholics Puritans North and West of England, Wales South and East of England, London and larger ports and towns.
  44. 51. Main Battles of the Civil War
  45. 52. Main Battles of the Civil War The Battle of Edge Hill - 23 rd of October 1642 This was the first major battle of the Civil War, started by Prince Rupert who charged at the Roundheads. They panicked and retreated through the infantry. The soldiers fought for a long time but neither side won.
  46. 53. Main Battles of the Civil War The Battle of Marston Moor – July 2 nd 1644 The Cavaliers were beaten at this battle, in which Prince Rupert needed to hide from the Roundheads. They controlled the North of England after this and the two armies were evenly matched.
  47. 54. Main Battles of the Civil War Why did Parliament win the Civil War?
  48. 55. Main Battles of the Civil War Why did Parliament win the Civil War? - Good Generals like Cromwell and Fairfax
  49. 56. Main Battles of the Civil War Why did Parliament win the Civil War? - Good Generals like Cromwell and Fairfax - New Model Army, well trained, organized and disciplined
  50. 57. Main Battles of the Civil War Why did Parliament win the Civil War? - Good Generals like Cromwell and Fairfax - New Model Army, well trained, organized and disciplined - Control of the Navy, which blocked French supplies to Charles
  51. 58. Main Battles of the Civil War Why did Parliament win the Civil War? - Good Generals like Cromwell and Fairfax - New Model Army, well trained, organized and disciplined - Control of the Navy, which blocked French supplies to Charles - It had taxes to finance itself
  52. 59. England After the Civil War
  53. 60. England After the Civil War Republicans
  54. 61. England After the Civil War Republicans - wanted Parliament to rule
  55. 62. England After the Civil War Republicans - wanted Parliament to rule - M Ps who supported the King and the house of Lords were excluded
  56. 63. England After the Civil War Republicans - wanted Parliament to rule - M Ps who supported the King and the house of Lords were excluded
  57. 64. England After the Civil War Republicans - wanted Parliament to rule - M Ps who supported the King and the house of Lords were excluded - 1648 – The Commonwealth was set up with Oliver Cromwell as President
  58. 65. England After the Civil War Royalists
  59. 66. England After the Civil War The Army
  60. 67. England After the Civil War The Army - wished to hold on to the power and influence they had in the Civil War
  61. 68. England After the Civil War The Army - wished to hold on to the power and influence they had in the Civil War - They crushed a rebellion in Ireland and given the land to Protestants to secure support for England there.
  62. 69. England After the Civil War Cromwell dismissed Parliament in 1653
  63. 70. England After the Civil War Cromwell dismissed Parliament in 1653 The house of Lords was abolished, the members of Parliament were thrown out and a group of Puritans run the country.
  64. 71. England After the Civil War Oliver Cromwell – Lord Protector 1653-1658
  65. 72. England After the Civil War Oliver Cromwell – Lord Protector 1653-1658 With Parliament and the King gone, he ruled for 5 years until he died. He named his son, Richard, to succeed him.
  66. 73. The Restoration
  67. 74. The Restoration Charles II (1660 – 1685)
  68. 75. The Restoration Charles II (1660 – 1685) As a Protestant, his leniency towards Catholics worried the Protestants. He had no legitimate children, therefore his Catholic brother James II would become king, making Protestants even more nervous.
  69. 76. The Restoration James II (1685 - 1688)
  70. 77. The Restoration James II (1685 – 1688) He was quite old and had 2 Protestant daughters, one of which, Mary, married the Dutch Leader William of Orange. He tried to make England Catholic and after his Catholic son was born, Protestants wrote to William of Orange to bring an army to England.
  71. 78. The Restoration The Glorious Revolution (1688)
  72. 79. The Restoration The Glorious Revolution (1688) Parliament declared William and Mary King and Queen. It was a bloodless revolution and King and Queen never tried to rule without Parliament again.
  73. 80. The Restoration The Glorious Revolution (1688) Parliament declared William and Mary King and Queen. It was a bloodless revolution and King and Queen never tried to rule without Parliament again. The Bill of Rights (1689) limited the power of the monarchy which meant that Parliament always had more power.

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