Common Core in Utah


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Common Core in Utah -- Facts and Fiction, by Utah State Board of Education Vice Chair David Thomas

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Common Core in Utah

  1. 1. PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM UTAH PUBLIC EDUCATION SYSTEM State Superintendent Executive Officer Veto Power Board Election Process District Schools General Control & Supervision (Educational standards, licensing, programs & fiscal administration) Establish School System NCLB, Reduced Lunch, Title I & IDEA Funding & Programs Utah State Office of Education Staff Utah State Board of Education Executive Authority Federal Government Utah State Legislature School system, budget, & programs Utah Governor District School Boards State Charter School Board Charter Schools District Superintendents
  2. 2. WHAT DOES THE STATE BOARD DO? Appoint State Superintendent Adopt Administrative Rules to implement statutes & policies (151 Rules) Establish minimum standards for all public schools Licensure of educators Prepare annual Budget and approve disbursements to local districts and charter schools Audit the Public School System Implement the Utah Performance Assessment System Administer federal programs (Special Ed & Title I) Adopt Graduation Requirements Career & Technical Education Approve Charter Schools Utah School for the Deaf and Blind School Trust Lands and Trust Fund Utah State Office of Rehabilitation (Adult Education) Define, Establish and Implement a Core Curriculum (Standards)
  3. 3. Standards Curriculum Assessments ACT/SAT College & Career HOW DO WE GET THERE?
  4. 4. Standards Curriculum Assessments ACT/SAT College How do we get there? Established by State Board UCA §53A-1- 402.6 Utah Const, Art 10, §3; USBA v. USBE, 17 P.3d 1125 (UT 2001) Original standards set in 1984 & reviewed every 5 – 7 years Common Core adopted – Aug 2010 Local School Districts decide UCA §53A-3- 402(1)(a) UCA §53A-1- 402.6(5) Textbook publishers aligning to Common Core (no more living with large states dominating the textbook market) 2008 Computer Adaptive Testing Pilot Programs (R277-405) 2011 - Pilot Programs reported significant success (i.e. Sevier School District) HB 15 (2012) – Statewide Computer Adaptive Testing SB 175 (2013) -- 100% participation of HS Juniors on the ACT test Educational Planning and Assessment System (ACT battery of tests) ACT, Statewide Administration of the ACT: A Key Component of Improving Student Access to College and Work (2009) “Tell and write time in hours and half-hours using analog and digital clocks” Teaching Methodology (Pedagogy) Textbooks and Instructional Materials Formative and summative assessment that tells teachers the academic strengths and weaknesses of each student in real time ACT/SAT constitute the “Gold Standard” in College & Career Readiness – they are the gatekeepers to college entrance State Board Graduation Initiative – upgrading the graduation requirements (Increasing High School Rigor & Ensuring College & Career Readiness (March 2013)) Limit remediation in freshman year of college
  5. 5. Fine Arts Health Education English Language Arts Mathematics Science Social Studies World Languages Financial Literacy Pre-K Physical Education Educational Technology UTAH CORE STANDARDS CTE Standards
  6. 6. What it is not  Not federal standards ◦ No federal funds (Utah has received no federal monies to adopt the Common Core standards) ◦ No federal involvement (the US Department of Education did not participate in the development of the standards) ◦ Not a curriculum (not a teaching methodology or textbooks) ◦ Not a student database (the Utah Data Alliance does not share student data with the federal government or any states) ◦ Not part of FERPA (no student information is collected as part of the implementation of the Common Core standards in Utah) ◦ Not part of No Child Left Behind (that’s NAEP, not Common Core) ◦ Not part of Race to the Top (Utah did not receive a RTTT grant and is not a member of any of the testing consortiums)
  7. 7. Math Work Team 52 Math & educational professionals 18 University mathematics/statistics professors Math Feedback Team 22 Math & educational professionals 9 University mathematics/statistics professors English Work Team 50 English & educational professionals 11 University English and education professors English Feedback Team 12 English & educational professionals 5 University English and education professors Participating schools: Yale, Arizona State, UC Berkeley, Georgia, Missouri, Minnesota, Vermont, LSU, Arkansas, Maryland, Arizona, Florida, Harvard, Texas, Johns Hopkins, Cal Poly, Arizona State, Michigan, Wisconsin, Northwestern, Stanford, North-western, Ohio State, Illinois, UC Davis, Michigan, Georgia, Pittsburg, Brown, Emory, Oregon, Florida State, Illinois, Wyoming
  8. 8. YES  NGA and CCSSO brought together educational experts in content, teaching and research to conduct an intensive review of the Standards. This Validation Committee was composed of 28 education professionals, which, among others, included: 5 University Mathematics Professors (e.g., Delaware, Georgia, Stanford, Taiwan, Michigan State) 7 University English and Education Professors (e.g., Harvard, UC Berkley, New York, Oregon, Pittsburg, Arkansas) 5 Educational Research Scientists (North Carolina State, Rutgers, Wisconsin, Oregon) 3 Elementary and Secondary School Teachers (Virginia, Arizona, New York)
  9. 9.  The Common Core State Standards Validation Committee brought together 28 education content experts, university professors, teachers, and researchers to conduct the final review of the Common Core State Standards  Out of these 28 educational professionals, 4 dissented, including Dr. Stotsky and Dr. Milgram, who have toured the country criticizing the Common Core State Standards Dr. Stotsky is credited with spearheading the 2001 revisions to the Massachusetts educational standards. In doing so, Dr. David Driscoll, Commissioner of Education for Massachusetts (1999 – 2007) has stated “[d]uring the time I was Commissioner, Massachusetts chose NAEP performance standards . . . as our guides in developing our own curriculum frameworks, state assessments and performance standards.” (In Defense of NAEP, Washington Post, Feb 17, 2012). Dr. Stotsky sits on the NAEP Steering Committee for the “Reading Framework for the 2013 NAEP (October 2012).” NAEP continues to be the only mandated federal standards and assessments in the country. Dr. Milgram helped author the California Math Standards. However, Dr. Hung-His Wu, Professor of Mathematics, UC Berkley, who also helped author those same California Math Standards, has stated that the Common Core Math Standards are “at least comparable to the best state standards, such as those of California and Massachusetts.” R. Hess, Education Week (Oct 5, 2011).
  10. 10.  Old Utah Core Standards ◦ C in English ◦ A- in Math  Common Core received ◦ B+ in English ◦ A- in Math “The Common Core provides admirable focus and explicitly requires standard methods and procedures, enhancements that would benefit Utah’s standards.” The Thomas B. Fordham Institute found that the Common Core State Standards were comparable or superior to the existing standards in 48 states, including Utah. (Carmichael, “The State of State Standards—and the Common Core —in 2010,” Fordham Institute [July 2010]).
  11. 11. • Dr. Peter E. Trapa, Chair, Department of Mathematics, University of Utah • Dr. David Wiley, Director of Research, Center for Improvement of Teacher Education, Brigham Young University • Dr. Hugo Rossi, Director of the Center for Science and Math Education, University of Utah • Dr. Emina Alibegovic, Professor of Mathematics, University of Utah • Dr. James Cangelosi, Professor of Mathematics, Utah State University • Dr. Janice A. Dole, Professor of Literacy, University of Utah • Dr. D. Ray Reutzel, Distinguished Professor of Early Literacy Education, Utah State University • Dr. Gary Dohrer, Professor of English, Weber State University • Liz Herrick, Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Westminster College • Christine Walker, Associate Professor of Mathematics, Utah Valley University • Keith White, Associate Professor, Developmental Mathematics, Utah Valley University • Utah Council of Teachers of Mathematics • Utah Board of Regents
  12. 12. The leading mathematics associations in the United States support the Common Core standards
  13. 13. Utah’s leading mathematics association supports the Common Core standards
  14. 14. According to the leading international benchmarking study, the Common Core standards in mathematics are on par with the standards in the top performing nations on TIMMS. Schmidt, Common Core State Standards Math: The Relationship Between High Standards, Systemic Implementation and Student Achievement (Michigan State University 2012)
  15. 15. The leading reading association supports the Common Core ELA standards The leading reading association supports the Common Core ELA standards
  16. 16. ACT, Inc., Alignment of Common Core and ACT’s College & Career Readiness System (June 2010) College Board, Research Report 2010-5A, Common Core State Standards Alignment: ReadiStep, PSAT/NMSQT, and SAT (November 2010)
  17. 17. “The Board of Elementary and Secondary Education cited the increased academic rigor and stronger expectations for student performance when it voted 8- 0 to adopt the Common Core Standards in English language arts (ELA) and mathematics on Wednesday, making Massachusetts the 27th state to adopt the internationally benchmarked academic standards that promise to keep the Commonwealth's students national leaders in education.” Massachusetts doesn’t think so "This work will take our state's already world-class standards to a new level, emphasizing a deep understanding of English-language arts and mathematics to ensure our students complete high school, ready to thrive in college and careers.” Neither does California
  18. 18. YES “The standards are owned by the states to do with what they wish.” Gene Wilhoit, Executive Director, CCSSO, USBE Meeting Minutes, 3 Aug 2012 “The NGA Center for Best Practices (NGA Center) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) hereby grant a limited, non- exclusive, royalty-free license to copy, publish, distribute, and display the Common Core State Standards for purposes that support the Common Core State Standards Initiative. These uses may involve the Common Core State Standards as a whole or selected excerpts or portions.” Common Core State Standards, Public License (2010). The Public License supersedes the May 2009 MOA between the CCSSI and the State of Utah (the 15% rule did not make it into the Public License).
  19. 19. “The states can choose to adopt and choose the context of what the standards will look like in their states. There are no “standards police” watching a state to ensure the standards are implemented in any specific way. States may add to the standards as they wish.” “There is also no binding commitment to CCSSO, NGA, or any other entity on implementation of the standards. Implementation will look different in each state.” “Member Craig Coleman reported that some of his constituents have been concerned about the state’s ability to alter or change the standards, and asked what kind of latitude Utah has. Mr. Wilhoit responded that Utah has whatever latitude it wants to take. “ Testimony of Gene Wilhoit, Executive Director, CCSSO:
  20. 20. “I ask that you interpret and evaluate all our current applications in light of this letter.” “On behalf of the Board, I state the Board’s right to make changes to, and to add or subtract from, the Utah Core Standards at its discretion.” Superintendent Shumway’s letter to Secretary Duncan on behalf of the Utah State Board of Education
  21. 21. “I am writing to confirm our full and unqualified agreement with our letter . . . Nothing in federal law or in current policies of the U.S. Department of Education in any way contradicts what is stated in your letter. States have the sole right to set learning standards.” Secretary Duncan’s response
  22. 22. Common Core Time Line April 2009 - NGA & CCSSO kick off the Common Core Initiative May 2009 – State Board approves MOA to participate in CCI June 2009 – CCI presented to Education Interim Committee August 2009 – State Board adopts “Promises to Keep” July 2009 – Race to the Top unveiled January 2010 – State Board submits RTTT Application (round 1) September 2009 – CCI Public Comment Period March 2010 – CCI Public Comment Period May 2010 – State Board approves SBAC MOU June 2010 – CCI issues Common Core State Standards Summer 2010 – State Board provides for Utah Core Standards public comment (UCA §53A-1- 402.6). Board of Regents v. Roth, 408 US 564 (1972) July 2010 – Utah does not receive a RTTT Grant (round 2) March 2010 – Utah does not receive a RTTT Grant (round 1) May 2010 – State Board submits RTTT Application (round 2) August 2010 – State Board adopts Utah Core Standards (no increase in costs to adopt standards) March 2012 – Letter from USDOE stating that Utah has “sole right to set learning standards” August 2012 – State Board withdraws from SBAC September 2012 – State Board issues its own RFP for CAT November 2012 – AIR successful bidder (received 10 out of 11 votes of the Selection Committee) June 2012 – USDOE grants NCLB Waiver USBE, A Complete Resource Guide on the Utah Core Standards (December 2012); USBE, Utah Computer Adaptive Assessment System FAQ (February 2013) 2008 – NGA & CCSSO, “Ensuring U.S. Students Receive a World Class Education” (introduces Common Core concept) August 2014 – NCLB Waiver expires
  23. 23. Computer Adaptive Testing Who is AIR?  Non-partisan, non-profit research, assessment, and technical assistance organization; founded in 1946; employs 1,600 staff; headquartered in Washington, DC.  Nation’s premier provider of online adaptive accountability tests.  Clients include the College Board, CISCO Systems, IBM, Verizon, Staples, Department of Defense and NASA.  Utah withdrew from SBAC and is not a member of any multi-state consortium.  Utah is developing its own Formative, Interim, and Summative Adaptive Assessments.  SAGE (Student Assessment for Growth and Excellence) replaces CRTs and UTIPS in 2014.  Committee of 15 parents will review test questions (UCA §53A-1-603(8)).  Complies with the Utah Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (UCA §53A-13- 301& 302; R277-487-5).  AIR is required to comply with these privacy laws. (AIR Contract, #136199, Attachment A, Condition #3, Dec 21, 2012; AIR letter to Superintendent Menlove, dated April 29, 2013) USOE, Utah Computer Adaptive Assessment System FAQ (2013); Jon Cohen, AIR, Utah Statewide Computer Adaptive Assessment System (February 2013)
  24. 24. What it is: What it is not:  Statewide student database. Created in 1998. Received federal grant to improve database from Bush Admin in 2007 and from Obama Admin in 2009.  Creates a unique student identifier  Information collected includes: birth date, race, gender, special ed status, CRT results, ELS, Free & Reduced Lunch status, grades, credits, enrollment dates, school & district  Information is released only in aggregate (no student level data is ever released)  Federal grants did not require use of the “National Education Data Model”, and Utah does not and will not use said model.  Federal grant program established in 2002 by Bush Admin. It is neither part of Race to the Top, nor the Common Core Initiative.  Student Behavior Indicators mean graduation data, grades, school discipline & attendance history only! It does not include political beliefs/affiliation, sexual behaviors, DNA collection, family income/ history, psychological/physical health, etc.
  25. 25. According to a recent “white paper” released by the National Center on Education Statistics, the Obama Administration wants to use the 13-question survey that eighth-grade students customarily fill out during NAEP tests to ask more probing questions in order to determine a student’s socioeconomic status. NAEP is part of the Institute of Education Sciences, of the federal Department of Education. Its board is appointed by the US Secretary of Education. States are required to participate in NAEP federal assessments as part of NCLB and as a condition to receiving Title I monies. In the past, many states realigned their state education standards to the federal NAEP standards, such as in the case of Massachusetts in 2001.
  26. 26. Utah school children will not be participating in the NAEP survey questions. Utah school children will not be participating in the NAEP survey questions.