Anderson Werkman 8th District Court Case Number: 81372 The Arts in Education: A Nicety or Necessity? Judge: Natasha Alvarez Prosecutor: Amanda Bennick Defendants: Meg Ahlgrim, Rebecca Budde, & Emilee Anderson
BUDGET CUTS ∙ U.S. Economy ∙ Schools ∙ Value of arts
OBJECTION 1:The Arts are too much of a financialburden on schools ∙ U.S. Economy ∙ Schools ∙ Value of arts ∙ Cutting arts = saving money
Cognitive Development“…Development of habits of mindincluding problem solving, critical andcreative thinking, dealing with ambiguityand complexity, integration of multiple skillsets, and working with others; and[development of socialcompetencies, including collaboration andteam work skills, social tolerance, andself-confidence.” (Dwyer)
OBJECTION 2:The Arts are too subjective tomeasure progress “Performance in the arts cannot be measured. One child can receive high grades for a painting that is wildly expressive and another for work that is realistic judgements on student learning…are at best arbitrary” (School Superintendent) ∙ Grading ∙ Fairness
Creativity- The arts allow students toask, “what if?” which helps themexpand their creativity.
Self-Expression- Arts allow students to take whatthey are feeling and express it in atangible way – asong, dance, scene, or piece ofvisual art.
Communication- Arts allow students to take what they are feeling and express it in a tangible way – a song, dance, scene, or piece of visual art.
Better creativityBetter Self-expressionBetter communication
OBJECTION 3:There is not enough time availableto prioritize the Arts in education “In the last four or five years the government’s seen how easy it has been to make schools accountable for maths and English, and schools often teach up to 60 per cent of their time in those two areas. That’s two KLAs [Key Learning Areas] out of six! Where’s the other four? And, by the way, the other four sometimes seem more difficult because we’re trying to divide them up into these little boxes.” ∙ Other requirements
COURT DOCUMENTS (REFERENCES)Alter, Frances, Terrence Hays, and Rebecca OHara. earlychildhoodaustralia.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2011. <http://www.earlychildhoodaustralia.org.au/australian_journal_of_early_childhood/ajec_index_ab stracts/the_challenges_of_implementing_primary_arts_education_what_our_teachers_say.html>.Bailey, Sally D. "Wings to Fly" Bringing Theatre Arts to Students with Special Needs. Woodbine House, 1993. Print.Brehm, Mary, and Charlene Kampfe. Creative Dance Improvisation: Fostering Creative Expression, Group Cooperation, and Multiple Intelligences., 1997. ERIC. Web. 14 Nov. 2011Davis, Jessica Hoffmann. Why Our Schools Need the Arts. New York: Teachers College, 2008. Print.Eisner, Elliot W. The Kind of Schools We Need: Personal Essays. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1998. Print.Eisner, E. (1994). The Educational Imagination: On the Design and Evaluation of School Programs. New York: Macmillan.Gadsden, V. L. "The Arts and Education: Knowledge Generation, Pedagogy, and the Discourse of Learning." Review of Research in Education 32.1 (2008): 29-61. Print.Green, Elizabeth. "Bloomberg Arts Initiative to Grade Schools Performance." New York: The Sun 24 July 2007: 1+. Web. 13 Nov. 2011. <http://www.nysun.com/new-york/bloomberg-arts-initiative-to- grade-schools/59003/>.
COURT DOCUMENTS (REFERENCES)Gullatt, D.E. (2008). Enhancing student learning through arts integration: Implications for the profession. High School Journal. 91, 12-25."Learning in a Visual Age." arteducators.org. National Art Education Association, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://arteducators.org>.LoParco, M. "Importance of the Visual Arts in Education." The Dryden Art Department. Dryden Schools. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.dryden.k12.ny.us>.Manzo, Kathleen Kendedy. (2000). "Classroom Renaissance". Education Week vol. 19. 36-41. Recieved from: Edcuation Research Complete.Nilges, Lynda M., and Nancy P. Gallavan. "How Can I Make Social Studies Move?" Social Studies & the Young Learner (1998): 5-8. Print.Pinciotti, Patricia. "Creative drama and young children: the dramatic learning connection." Arts Education Policy Review 94.6 (1993): 24+. Academic OneFile. Web. 14 Nov. 2011.Reishman, Claire D. "Centering In An Age Of Change." Studio Potter 36.1 (2007): 61-63. Art Abstracts (H.W. Wilson). Web. 14 Nov. 2011.Wilson, John M. "Art-Making Behavior: Why and How Arts Education Is Central to Learning." Arts Education Policy Review 99.6 (1998): 26-33. Print.