Ohs Management System Presentation by TCB for ASSE Seminar


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OHSAS 18001:2007 Awareness Program by TCB

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  • TCB Cert./QLA R.0 TCB Cert QLA.R-0
  • Ohs Management System Presentation by TCB for ASSE Seminar

    1. 1. BS OHSAS 18001:2007 OH&S Management System Standard “ Asking me to overlook a simple safety violation would be asking me to compromise my entire attitude towards the value of your life !” 01.05.2010
    2. 2. A Tragic Incidents that Shook the world Union Carbide MIC Gas Tragedy. Bhopal, India Dec 2-3, 1984 01.05.2010
    3. 3. What is Occupational Health and Safety ? Conditions and factors that affect, or could affect, the health and safety of employees or other workers (including temporary workers and contractor personnel), visitors, or any other person in the workplace (3.23) 01.05.2010
    4. 4. Hazard source, situation, or act with a potential for harm in terms of human injury or ill health (3.8), or a combination of these Hazard identification process of recognizing that a hazard (3.6) exists and defining its characteristics Ill health identifiable, adverse physical or mental condition arising from and/or made worse by a work activity and/or work‑related situation Terms and Definitions 01.05.2010
    5. 5. <ul><li>Terms and Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Incident : </li></ul><ul><li>work‑related event(s) in which an injury or ill health (3.8) (regardless of severity) or fatality occurred, or could have occurred </li></ul><ul><li>An accident is an incident which has given rise to injury, ill health or fatality. </li></ul>01.05.2010
    6. 6. <ul><li>Risk </li></ul><ul><li>combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposure(s) and the severity of injury or ill health that can be caused by the event or exposure(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Risk assessment </li></ul><ul><li>process of evaluating the risk(s) arising from a hazard(s), taking into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and deciding whether or not the risk(s) is acceptable </li></ul><ul><li>Risk=Likely hood(probability)X Severity(consequence) </li></ul>01.05.2010
    7. 7. OHSAS Family of Standards 01.05.2010
    8. 8. OHS Family of Standards 01.05.2010
    9. 9. Commonalities IN OHSAS-QMS-EMS Standards 01.05.2010
    10. 10. Structure and Content Of standards BS OHSAS 18001:2007 ISO 14001:2004 <ul><li>Scope </li></ul><ul><li>Normative references </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Management System Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.1 General Requirements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.2 Environmental Policy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.3 Planning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4 3.1 Environmental Aspects </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.3.2 Legal and Other Requirements </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.3.3 Objectives , Targets and Programme(s) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4 Implementation and Operation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.1 Resources, Role ,Responsibilities and Authority </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.2 Competence, Training, Awareness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.3 Communication </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.4. Documentation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.5 Control of Document </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.6 Operational Control </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness and Response </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5 Checking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5.1 Monitoring and Measurement </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5.2 Evaluation of Compliance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5.3 Nonconformance , corrective and preventive action </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5.4 Control of Records </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5.5 Internal Audit </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5.6 Management review </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Annexes </li></ul><ul><li>Scope </li></ul><ul><li>Reference Publications </li></ul><ul><li>Terms and Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>OH& S Management System Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.1 General Requirements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.2 OH & S Policy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.3 Planning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4 3.1 Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and determining controls </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.3.2 Legal and Other Requirements </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.3.3 Objectives and Programme(s) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4 Implementation and Operation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.1 Resources, Role ,Responsibilities, accountability and Authority </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.2 Competence, Training, Awareness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.3 Communication, participation and Consultation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.4. Documentation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.5 Control of Document </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.6 Operational Control </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness and Response </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5 Checking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5.1 Performance Measurement </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And Monitoring </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5.2 Evaluation of Compliance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5.3 Incident Investigation, Nonconformity , corrective action and preventive action </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5.4 Control of Records </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5.5 Internal Audit </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4.5.6 Management review </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Annexes </li></ul>01.05.2010
    11. 11. <ul><li>BS OHSAS 18001:2007 Requirements and Interpretation </li></ul>01.05.2010
    12. 12. OHSAS 18001:2007 Standard Contents At A Glance <ul><ul><li>Section 1: Scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 2: Normative Reference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 3: Terms and definitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 4: OH&S Management System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 4.1: General requirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 4.2: OH&S policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 4.3: Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 4.4: Implementation and operation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 4.5:Checking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 4.6:Management review </li></ul></ul>01.05.2010
    13. 13. 01.05.2010 <ul><li>Scope: </li></ul><ul><li>OHSAS Standard specifies requirements for an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system, to enable an organization to control its : </li></ul><ul><li>OH&S risks and </li></ul><ul><li>improve its OH&S performance. </li></ul><ul><li>It does not state specific OH&S performance criteria, </li></ul><ul><li>It does Not detailed specifications for the design of a management system. </li></ul>
    14. 14. OH&S Policy (4.2) Continual Improvement <ul><li>Planning (4.3) </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard identification, risk assessment </li></ul><ul><li>and determining controls (4.3.1) </li></ul><ul><li>Legal and other requirement(4.3.2) </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives and programme(s)(4.3.3) </li></ul><ul><li>( 4.4 )Implementation & Operation (DO) </li></ul><ul><li>Resources, roles, responsibility, accountability </li></ul><ul><li>and authority(4.4.1) </li></ul><ul><li>Competence, training and awareness(4.4.2) </li></ul><ul><li>Communication, participation & consultation(4.4.3) </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation(4.4.4) </li></ul><ul><li>Control of document(4.4.5) </li></ul><ul><li>Operational control(4.4.6) </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency preparedness and response(4.4.7) </li></ul><ul><li>4.5 Checking </li></ul><ul><li>Performance measurement and </li></ul><ul><li>monitoring(4.5.1) </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of compliance(4.5.2) </li></ul><ul><li>Incident investigation( </li></ul><ul><li>Nonconformity, corrective </li></ul><ul><li>and preventive action( </li></ul><ul><li>Control of record (4.5.4) </li></ul><ul><li>Internal audit(4.5.5) </li></ul>01.05.2010 <ul><li>Act </li></ul><ul><li>Management Review (4.6 ) </li></ul>
    15. 15. Development of Methodologies for Hazard Identification and Risk assessment 01.05.2010 HAZOP FMEA FTA ETA <ul><li>Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Identified Hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard /Risk Register </li></ul>a ) elimination; b) substitution; c) engineering controls; d) sign/warn admn. e) PPE <ul><li>Purchase goods, </li></ul><ul><li>equip, service </li></ul><ul><li>Control Contractors, </li></ul><ul><li>/visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Doc.Procd./ Operating </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria </li></ul>
    16. 16. 01.05.2010 Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment 1 Physical hazards 2 Chemical hazards 3 Biological hazards 4 Psycho-social hazards Types of Hazard
    17. 17. Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment Likelihood of Occurrence 01.05.2010 Description Occurrence Ranking Likelihood of Occurrence Most Likely 6-7 Very high chances or likelihood of occurrence due to work activity, controls measures and process unpredictability etc Likely 4-5 Controls are in place still is it probable considering the nature of work activities or process. Remote 2-3 Due to unknown factors or system limitation or uncertainties , there is a remote likelihood of occurrence Unlikely 0-1 Not likely to happen or a very remote likelihood, Controlled and stable processes
    18. 18. 01.05.2010 Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment Severity Rating Description Severity Rating Definition Catastrophic 5-6 Permanent disability or fatality of persons, mass poisoning or contamination with cross boundary effect. Such as Atomic Power station failure, Tank farm or an entire facility on fire costing the entire facility which causing serious environmental damage causing health concern Critical 3-4 Condition which may cause serious personnel injury or ill health for a prolonged period ; severe occupational illness leading to chronic illness; Safety of People are seriously affected. Marginal 1- 2 Condition which may cause some minor injury or ill health and have potential if causing critical injuries or ill health unless controlled. Minor physical injury or momentary exposure with minor effect on OH&S
    19. 19. 01.05.2010 Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment Likelihood Severity Unacceptable Risk Moderate Risk Improbable/ Unlikely   Marginal Critical Catastrophic Trivial Risk Acceptable Risk Moderate Risk Remote Acceptable Risk Moderate Risk Moderate Risk Likely Substantial Risk Most Likely Moderate Risk Unacceptable Risk Unacceptable Risk
    20. 20. Why Audit? <ul><li>IOCL Jaipur Tank Farm Fire </li></ul><ul><li>29 October 2009- Some Facts. </li></ul><ul><li>9,000,000 Liter Petroleum Product in 11 Storage tanks (Petrol, Kerosene, HSD) </li></ul><ul><li>12 persons dies-200 persons injured </li></ul><ul><li>Half a million people were evacuated from nearby area </li></ul><ul><li>Tremor measuring 2.3 on the Richter scale </li></ul><ul><li>Shattered glass window nearly 3 kilometres from the accident site. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Extinguishing was not possible until the entire fuel completely burnt. </li></ul><ul><li>The Industries & Education Institutions filed about 150 complaints for deaths, injury and loss of property due to negligence of IOCL </li></ul><ul><li>The total estimated loss valued at INR 1800 Crore to neighbouring Industries </li></ul><ul><li>IOCL had to pay Rs. 1 Cr. to the next of the kin of dead and varied amount of compensation between Rs.10 -20 lakhs to the injured. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of Product approximately INR 45 Crore? </li></ul><ul><li>Relocation of the entire storage facility </li></ul><ul><li>Citation by Environmental Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of new construction and rehabilitation!! </li></ul>01.05.2010
    21. 21. 01.05.2010 Why Audit? IOCL Jaipur Tank Farm Fire 29 October 2009 What has Gone wrong? Could it be prevented ? An effective OH&S Management System as per BS OHSAS 18001 : 2007 Management standard implementation could have prevented this. -This is what I feel. What do you feel?
    22. 22. 01.05.2010 Why Audit? Was there an audit? Hazards Identified? Risk assessed? No Disaster management Plan and Emergency Preparedness- Govt. acknowledged that there was no Disaster Management plan- Early detection of hydrocarbon vapour and Communication System?- Leak Started at- Vapour Cloud formed. Accident /explosion took place at Compliance to statutory requirements? Top Management Commitment to prevent accident incident? Communication of Hazards and Risks to interested parties? Operational Control ? In Normal and Abnormal Situations? Emergency communication?
    23. 23. 01.05.2010 Why Audit? Emergency preparedness ? Foam Spreader ? Fire monitor, Tank Cooling System? Accident Happened in the evening-Work environment-infrastructure adequate? Evidence of Root Cause analysis and Corrective actions? Tanks spacing ? Preventive maintenance ? Detection system of hydrocarbon vapour Emergency shutdown Adequacy of Firefighting system? A systematic Audit would have identified this areas of concern and possibly would have prevented the accident or prevented this catstrophy or could have mitigated the loss.
    24. 24. 01.05.2010 Disclaimer The incident of IOCL is brought for discussion based on information available in public domain such as Wikipedia. This presentation does not include and make reference to any classified information about IOCL organization neither is the intent of this presentation. The case is discussed for sharing common and potential causes which can prevent similar catastrophe and save lives There are references to similar or even more catastrophic disasters and incidents in public domain such as Piper Alpha in North Sea published by BBC for public interest. Also there is reference to Woodward, Oklahoma Oil Storage Tank Fire, 12-10-08, Crude Oil Boilover Explosion Our intent is that the lessons learnt make professionals aware of the risks and Hazards to ensure adequate control and save assets - property and life of People
    25. 25. Further Recommended Studies IRCA Registered OHSAS 18001:2008 Auditor Training Course 01.05.2010
    26. 26. Content of Auditor Training Program <ul><li>Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment- </li></ul><ul><li>Process and Workshop </li></ul><ul><li>Developing Audit Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Developing Checklist </li></ul><ul><li>Auditing Process as per ISO 19011 Standard </li></ul><ul><li>and Reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Accreditation and Certification audit process </li></ul><ul><li>IRCA registration Process </li></ul>01.05.2010
    27. 27. Be in Touch with us <ul><li>Visit TCB Knowledge Factory in </li></ul><ul><li>Write an article on QSHE in TCB’s </li></ul><ul><li>e.news Letter </li></ul>01.05.2010
    28. 28. Thank you for Listening 01.05.2010