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Butterfly Gardening 101

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Introduction to butterfly gardening.

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Butterfly Gardening 101

  1. 1. Butterfly Gardening 101 Red Admiral feeding on pentas at Mercer.
  2. 2.  Butterfly Basics  Butterflies Found in Texas - Monarch vs. Gulf Fritillary  Planting a Butterfly Garden - The Basics (use NABA brochure) - Nectar Plants - Host Plants - Additional Tips  Resources - Books - Websites - Local resources Butterfly Gardening 101
  3. 3.  Butterflies go through 4 stages: egg  caterpillar  chrysalis  imago (adult)  Butterfly species vary in seasonal timing and length of life cycle  Adult butterflies are usually active only during the growing season when the day is sunny or warm.  Butterflies annual cycle typically includes a period of diapause (inactivity) during very cold or very dry weather. Butterfly Basics Source: “Straight Talk About Butterfly Biology by Ann B. Swengel, 1995, www.naba.org
  4. 4. Butterfly Life Cycle
  5. 5.  Swallowtail (Black, Giant, Spicebush, etc.)  Sulphur (Cloudless, Little, Cabbage, Sleepy, Orange, Large)  Monarch  Queen  Gulf fritillary  Red Admiral  Viceroy  Painted Lady  Buckeye  Skipper Gulf Coast Species
  6. 6. Monarch vs. Gulf Fritillary
  7. 7. Monarch vs. Gulf Fritillary
  8. 8. Monarch vs. Gulf Fritillary
  9. 9. Monarch vs. Gulf Fritillary
  10. 10. Monarch vs. Gulf Fritillary
  11. 11. Monarch vs. Gulf Fritillary
  12. 12. Goal: Improve your yard so more butterflies are attracted to live there!  Sunshine – Butterflies need to be warm to be active.  Plants Combine nectar and host plants to provide the best habitat.  Allow native “weeds” to grow if possible. Planting a Butterfly Garden Source: “Basics of Butterfly Gardening by Ann B. Swengel, 1995, www.naba.org
  13. 13.  Moisture – Puddle edges and moist dirt are popular because they also provide nutritious minerals leeched from soil.  Cover Let a corner of your garden grow “wild”.  Provides cover for caterpillars, chrysalides.  Provides cover for butterflies at night and in winter. Pest Control Avoid insecticides if at all possible!  Be tolerant of pests.  Look into “integrated pest management”. Planting a Butterfly Garden
  14. 14.  Cosmos  Marigold  Zinnias  Pentas  Verbena  Butterfly Bush  Indigo  Lantana  Mountain Laurel  Aster  Senna  Black-eyed Susans  Passionflower vine  Mexican false heather  Firecracker plant Nectar Plants  Indian Blankets  Buckwheat  Gayfeather  Milkweed  Coreopsis  Goldenrod  Lupine  Purple Coneflower  Sage / Salvia  Sunflower  Sweet clover  Yarrow  Morning Glory  Trumpet vine  Honeysuckle
  15. 15.  Dill  Parsley  Anise  Fennel  Rue  Citrus  Milkweed  Snapdragon  Nettle, false nettle  Passionflower vine  Shrimp plant  Aster  Hollyhock  Thistle Host Plants  Willow  Cottonwood  Sweet bay, Red bay  Spicebush  Sassafras  Senna  Canna  Sunflower  Mislletoe  Hammerwort  Purslane  Flax  Partridge pea  Pipe vine
  16. 16.  Sit back and enjoy the butterflies that come to your garden!  Go slow.  Go low.  Approach from behind.  Don’t cross the butterfly with your shadow.  Avoid sudden movements.  Visit local parks and arboretums and observe what plants the butterflies are attracted to to get an idea of what to plant in your own garden. Additional Tips
  17. 17.  Books  Butterflies of Houston and Southeast Texas by John & Gloria Tveten  The Butterfly Gardener’s Guide a Brooklyn Botanic Garden All-Region Guide  Beginner’s Guide to Butterflies by Donald & Lillian Stokes  Websites  North American Butterfly Assoc: www.naba.org  Monarch Watch: www.monarchwatch.org  Local resources  Cockrell Butterfly Center  Mercer Arboretum Resources
  18. 18. The End

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