Apa format 6th ed


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Apa format 6th ed

  1. 1. Review of APA Citation Format6th ed.<br />Writing and Academic Resource Center<br />Emerson College<br />
  2. 2. What is APA format?<br />APA refers to the American Psychological Association. <br />APA is used to document sources in the sciences, social sciences, and business.<br />APA format is sometimes called the author-date style because it uses the author’s (or authors’) last name(s) and the date of publication as the primary citation marker.<br />
  3. 3. What do I need to cite?<br />Direct quotations<br />Also: images (drawings or photographs), data, and music. <br />Summaries<br />Paraphrases<br />It is not enough simply to change the wording of a text. You must also change the structure of the original passage. <br />Any distinctive words or phrases taken from the original passage must be put in quotation marks.<br />The reader must be able to distinguish where the paraphrased text begins and ends.<br />
  4. 4. Why is citation important?<br />A standard and consistent method of citing sources enables the reader to find the sources.<br />Correct citations help you use sources in a way that credits the author and avoids problems of poor scholarship and academic dishonesty.<br />
  5. 5. What does APA look like in the body of my paper?<br />Cite a text with the author’s or authors’ last name(s) followed by the date of publication.<br />Xxxxxxx (Ebert & Griffin, 2007). <br />According to Ebert and Griffin (2007), xxxxxxx.<br />If you are citing from a particular page or pages, add p. or pp. with the page number(s).<br />Xxxxxxx (Ebert & Griffin, 2007, p. 100).<br />Ebert and Griffin (2007) reported that xxxxxxx<br />(p. 10).<br />
  6. 6. In-text citations (continued)<br />Many business documents have corporate authors. Use the name of a corporate author as you would any individual author.<br />(Microsoft Corp., 2011)<br />If there is truly no author for an article or web page, use a shortened version of the title in quotation marks. (“Managing,” 2006).<br />Attempt to find a date. Otherwise, use n.d. (Smith, n.d.).<br />
  7. 7. In-text citations (continued)<br />If a quote comes from a secondary source, use the secondary source in your citation. According to Marshall, “Xxxxxxxx” (as cited in Baker & Wong, 2008).<br />Each in-text citation must directly match the beginning of the full citation on the References page. In the above example, the reader would search for Baker in the References.<br />
  8. 8. What is the References list?<br />The list of sources for the in-text citations should be on a separate page titled References.<br />The list is alphabetized by authors’ last names or by the first word of the title if there is no author. Do not number the entries.<br />Authors’ (or editors’) names always appear as last name and first and middle initials. <br />Authors’ names are followed by publication date in parentheses.<br />
  9. 9. References list<br />Basic citation for a book:<br />Author or editor. (Publication year). Title with sentence-style capitalization, in italics. Publication location: Publisher.<br />Ebert, R. J. & Griffin, R. W. (2007). Business essentials (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. <br />
  10. 10. References list (continued)<br />Basic citation for a journal or magazine:<br />Author. (Publication date). Article title with sentence-style capitalization and no quotation marks. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page numbers if available. URL or DOI if retrieved online.<br />Frank, T. (2011, July). Gold faithful: Profiting from paranoia with precious metals. Harpers, 323(1934), 9-15.<br />
  11. 11. References list (continued)<br />Newspaper:<br />Author. (year, month day). Article title in sentence-style capitalization, no quotation marks. Newspaper Title, capitalized, in italics, page numbers if available. URL or DOI if retrieved online.<br />Di Leo, L. & Hilsenrath, J. (2011, June 22). Fed on hold amid slow recovery. TheWall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://www.wsj.com<br />
  12. 12. What is a DOI?<br />A DOI (digital object identifier) is a registered persistent link to an article on the Internet. <br />It is located on the first page of an electronic journal article and on the article citation in a database.<br />The DOI links to the article online, so no URL or database information is necessary.<br />APA (6th ed.) requires the use the DOI if it is available. Not all electronic sources have one.<br />
  13. 13. References list: Article with a DOI<br />Anechiarico, F. & Segal, L. (2010). Public integrity networks. Public Integrity, 12(4), 325-229. doi: 10.2753/PIN1099-992212040<br />Note: The DOI appears in the References list only. Do not use it in the in-text citation.<br />
  14. 14. Points to remember about APA<br />Double space your entire paper, including the References page, unless you are told otherwise.<br />Put a running (short) title and page number in the upper-right corner of each page.<br />Alphabetize listings on the References page. Use hanging indentation.<br />Cite all sources carefully. Do not fail to cite all material that you take from sources.<br />
  15. 15. Where can I get help?<br />Make an appointment at the Writing and Academic Resource Center (617) 824-7874.<br />Check the Reference Help section of the EmersonLibrary website.<br />Use a content management system. Noodlebib is a good choice that is available on the library website under databases. You need to register and select a password.<br />Refer to an online writing center like the one from Purdue University at <owl.english.purdue.edu><br />