E. Bryan - Possible Future Prospects For CARICOM-US Relations

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This presentation illustrates some of the issues within the Caribbean Region that are now being grappled with by the new Obama administration.

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E. Bryan - Possible Future Prospects For CARICOM-US Relations

  1. 1. The Obama Administration Possible prospects for US-Caribbean Relations
  2. 2. Issues • Security: Narcotics, Immigration & Homeland Defence • Trade • Tax havens • Cuba • Haiti • Regional/ Hemispheric Issues
  3. 3. Security: Narcotics, Immigration & Homeland Defence • Decertification Scheme (DR, Haiti, & Jamaica) • US ShipRider Agreement, 1996 (sovereignty – Barbados, Jamaica), • Western Hemispheric Travel Initiative (tourism) • Deportee problem (Bridgetown Accord, 1997 – link between trade, economic development, security & prosperity)
  4. 4. Trade • Free Trade and WTO Rules (Internet Gambling decisions, Banana Dispute) Neoliberal out look • CBI (CBERA/CBTPA) (“CARICOM accounts for 1/5 of US trade,” Thomas McLarty, Clinton Admin.) • FTAA (Stalled due to issues with “smallness”) • CAFTA-DR and CARICOM-DR and the proposed US- CARICOM Bilateral • Protectionism (outsourcing, Congressional Approval, and DNC)
  5. 5. Tax Havens • OECD Report: “Harmful Tax Competition: An Emerging Global issue”, 1998 (Blacklist) • G20 London Summit (no voice from the small states, hence the UN summit in June 2009) • Candidate Obama supported regulation of OFCs
  6. 6. Cuba • Unrestricted travel, aid by Cuban-Americans to Cuba (still restricts non-natural persons and non-nationals) • Possible end to Embargo and normalizing relations • Re-admission into the OAS Activities
  7. 7. Haiti • Wet foot/ Dry foot policy for Haitian Boat People (30, 000 up for deportation Q1 2009) • HOPE II (unilateral trade agreement – includes textiles) • Assistance to Haiti (USD 324m, but more is needed)
  8. 8. Regional/ Hemispheric Issues • Challenge to US hegemony: ALBA, PetroCaribe, China & Russia • Special Envoy for the Caribbean • US-CARICOM Summit Dialogue • No regional summit to discuss concept paper by CARICOM • Drowning out of the Caribbean Position by LA • 5th SOA – No Plan, but listening exercise
  9. 9. Questions
  10. 10. Thank You Contact: Emerson O. Bryan Information & Document Management Officer Caribbean Regional Negotiating Machinery emerson.bryan@crnm.org Tel: +1246 259 9222 Fax: +1246 228 9528

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