Ubiquitous Open Source in Spain: How government, business and community work together
<ul><li>Free Software in Andalusia
Guadalinex and Guadalinfo project
Government, business and community </li><ul><li>Guadalinex example
Guadalinfo accesible example </li></ul></ul>
About Andalusia <ul><li>Southernmost region of continental Spain
Sun, beaches, wines&foods … Free software!
Junta de Andalucia is the Regional Government
About 250.000
public employees </li></ul>
Free Software in Andalusia <ul>Prehistory <li>Known to IT people since early 90's
Mostly used on the server side
Self training
Transparent to the end user </li></ul>
Free Software in Andalusia <ul>Legal regulations (I) <li>2003 Decree for the impulse of Information Society: </li><ul><li>...
Free software will be used in Public Internet Access Centers
Use of free software by the citizens will be promoted and supported </li></ul></ul>
Free Software in Andalusia <ul>Legal regulations (II) <li>2005 Order for the public availability of software owned by Junt...
Open Source World Conference <ul><li>2004 Málaga
2005 Mérida
2006 Málaga
2007 Badajoz
2008 Málaga
2009 Cáceres
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Ubiquitous Open Source in Spain: How government, business and community work together

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  • Free software has been a companion of our IT people for a long time, since prehistoric times. I mean the times before our oficials wrote down that free software was good and our regional government should use it, spread it, and support it. In the early 90&apos;s, even before Linux, many technicians used code shared under not well defined licenses that they got from BBSs, the antecessor of the Internet. Most of the free applications used in those early times were server software: web servers, file servers, print servers, Netware emulators, DNS, DHCP, etc. Those were times without LPI, commercial training, nor even many O&apos;Reilly books. But documentation was there and self training was from possible to excelent, in cases as the glorious “Linux Network Administrator&apos;s Guide” by Olaf Kirch. Most of uses of free software were, thus, transparent to the user.
  • It is well known that 2003 was a ground breaking year for OSS in Andalusia. ADALA, the Asociacion Desarrollo y Avance software Libre (Association for the Development and Advancement of Free Software), was founded in 2001. In 2002 the 3rd edition of GUADEC was in Seville. With this atmosphere some people from the local government get interested in OSS. JA officials were then aware of the functionality, reliability, friendliness and advantages of free software and they decided to bet on free software in the way the governments do: publishing regulations.
  • Later, in 2005 we realized the huge value of our own custom made software and decided to publish it as free software. Although we have received some contributions, the main results have been increased business possibilities for the developers and more and better offerings received in public tenders.
  • I n the middle of those milestones, in 2004, a collaboration protocol was signed between the neighbouring region of Extremadura and Andalusia, for the promotion of free software. As a result of this, the Open Source World Conference has been organized by the two regional governments since 2004 to the present, one year in Andalusia and other in Extremadura. Of course, all of you are invited to attend the conference in Málaga on 27 th and 28 th of October.
  • I n order to fulfill the mandate of spreading and supporting the use of free software, a concrete tool was needed, and Guadalinex was born. By 2003, friendlyness of most noncommercial Linux distributions was poor for the non technical user, so we made a distribution easier to install and use, with Live CD to allow peple to test before installing. Accesibility was a clear need. Gnopernicus, the screen reader available in 2003, was not the best solution, but it was the only solution. KDE didn&apos;t provide a screen reader, nor accessibility services. This reason would have been enougth. KDE was more Windows-like and the impact in switching from windows to Linux would have been lees than using Gnome, but our target was not the Windows user. Our target in reducing the digital divide was the no_computer_user, and Gnome, in general, was easier to use. Last, but not least, Extremadura was already using a Gnome based distribution and was in its way to success in public schools. This fact gave an increased confidence to our officials in selecting Gnome.
  • Since 2003, our user base has grown to the figures you can see... In the early times of the deployment of Guadalinex in public schools and Guadalinfo centers, an agreement was made with ONCE. ONCE would help Junta de Andalucía in testing accessibility of Guadalinex and in prioritizing the needed developments, and Junta would make some of the needed developments and do it best to include updated accessibility tools in Guadalinex. This way some minor developments for Orca were made, and a pair (male, female) of Spanish voices were developed for the Festival speech synthesys engine.
  • We are on the move to introduce the use of free software in the desktop of the public employee. There are some small scale deployments with years of use without significant trouble. An analisys of requirements for the administrative desktop is about to finish, and results will be made publicly available. And, finally, we are planning for extending the move to free software, step by step, avoiding rushes and big risks, but targeting the use of free software wherever it&apos;s the best option. Some ninety some percent of cases, isn&apos;t it? :-)
  • Public tenders with closed terms (budget, timeline, requirements, penalties, etc) Long time from idea to contract Closed development model (only final product is available) Economic requirements may exclude small companies Reliability measured on terms of financial and workforce capacity. Most usual contractors are alien to Open Source Software
  • A new thriving regional industry appeared to support the ICT public projects.
  • Custom distro Translations Relate with administrations via internet Lacks on OSS: hardware used in spain, official support.
  • Local Community: Web site: news, forums, support, downloads with &gt; 42.000 registered users. &gt;1.000.000 copies downloaded or distributed since 2003 (7 versions) GDS, GenteGuada Improvements: Hispavoces, Eadmin, Nanny, Hermes, Installer Launchpad use to host projects Upstream: first installer, nanny
  • Ubiquitous Open Source in Spain: How government, business and community work together

    1. 1. Ubiquitous Open Source in Spain: How government, business and community work together
    2. 2. <ul><li>Free Software in Andalusia
    3. 3. Guadalinex and Guadalinfo project
    4. 4. Government, business and community </li><ul><li>Guadalinex example
    5. 5. Guadalinfo accesible example </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. About Andalusia <ul><li>Southernmost region of continental Spain
    7. 7. Sun, beaches, wines&foods … Free software!
    8. 8. Junta de Andalucia is the Regional Government
    9. 9. About 250.000
    10. 10. public employees </li></ul>
    11. 11. Free Software in Andalusia <ul>Prehistory <li>Known to IT people since early 90's
    12. 12. Mostly used on the server side
    13. 13. Self training
    14. 14. Transparent to the end user </li></ul>
    15. 15. Free Software in Andalusia <ul>Legal regulations (I) <li>2003 Decree for the impulse of Information Society: </li><ul><li>Free software will be used in Public Schools
    16. 16. Free software will be used in Public Internet Access Centers
    17. 17. Use of free software by the citizens will be promoted and supported </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Free Software in Andalusia <ul>Legal regulations (II) <li>2005 Order for the public availability of software owned by Junta de Andalucia </li><ul><li>All custom made applications owned by Junta de Andalucia, present and future, will be free software. </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Open Source World Conference <ul><li>2004 Málaga
    20. 20. 2005 Mérida
    21. 21. 2006 Málaga
    22. 22. 2007 Badajoz
    23. 23. 2008 Málaga
    24. 24. 2009 Cáceres
    25. 25. 2010 Málaga, 27-28 October </li></ul>Free Software in Andalusia
    26. 26. Guadalinex <ul><li>Is the GNU/Linux distribution of Junta de Andalucia
    27. 27. Based on Ubuntu (formerly based on Debian)
    28. 28. Gnome as desktop, because: </li><ul><li>Simplicity, compared to other desktops
    29. 29. Previous experience in Extremadura (GNU/LinEx)
    30. 30. Accesibility </li></ul><li>Agreement with ONCE (Spanish National Organization for the Blind)
    31. 31. Base software to implement other projects </li></ul>A nice penguin, Andatuz!
    32. 32. <ul><ul><li>>300.000 desktops
    33. 33. >2.000 public schools
    34. 34. >180.000 laptops for students and teachers
    35. 35. 100.000 more to be delivered in course 2010/2011
    36. 36. Goal : >1.400.000 students in >4.000 schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>764 in small towns and districts of bigger cities: Guadalinfo
    37. 37. 635 public libraries
    38. 38. 200 centers for elderly people </li></ul></ul>Guadalinex: by numbers Schools Internet centres
    39. 39. Guadalinex: new plans <ul><li>Analisys of requirements for an Administration Edition of Guadalinex (GEA), about to finish
    40. 40. Small scale migrations to free software </li><ul><li>Phase 1: On the same operating system
    41. 41. Phase 2: Deployment of GEA </li></ul></ul>
    42. 42. Guadalinfo 2003-2008 <ul><li>Goals: </li><ul><li>Bring Internet on < 10.000 people towns
    43. 43. Computer literacy
    44. 44. Digital training </li></ul><li>Results: </li><ul><li>634 Guadalinfo centers
    45. 45. 400.000 total registered users
    46. 46. About 40.000 distinct users every month </li></ul></ul>
    47. 47. Guadalinfo 2003-2008
    48. 48. Guadalinfo 2009-2012 <ul><li>Goals: </li><ul><li>Get andalusian population into the modern knowledge society
    49. 49. Remove the digital divide for the disabled or socially marginated people </li></ul><li>Results (by now): </li><ul><li>764 centers in < 20.000 towns and cities district with risk of social margination.
    50. 50. 550.000 registered people
    51. 51. 110.000 activities </li></ul></ul>
    52. 52. Guadalinfo 2009-2012
    53. 53. Guadalinfo: Accessibility <ul><li>2009-2012 objective
    54. 54. In agreement with ONCE
    55. 55. Guadalinfo as a accessibility lab: </li><ul><li>Accessibility
    56. 56. device kit
    57. 57. Intelligent a11y
    58. 58. adaptation system </li></ul></ul>
    59. 59. <ul><li>Contributions to Community projects: </li><ul><li>Improvement of ORCA
    60. 60. Enhancement of OCRFeeder and Evince
    61. 61. On screen keyboard Caribou and predictive text system Presage
    62. 62. And more to come ... </li></ul></ul>Guadalinfo: Accessibility
    63. 63. Community way <ul><li>Open devel. Model
    64. 64. Meritocracy matters
    65. 65. Quality terms: </li><ul><li>Functionality of interest
    66. 66. Needs of project
    67. 67. Hacking habilities </li></ul></ul>Government, business and Community Government way <ul><li>Only final product available
    68. 68. Financial and workforce capacity matters
    69. 69. Closed terms: </li><ul><li>Budget
    70. 70. Roadmap
    71. 71. Requirements
    72. 72. Penalties </li></ul></ul>
    73. 73. Government, business and Community Community matters: <ul><li>Third party improvements
    74. 74. Ease maintenance
    75. 75. Achieve amount of users
    76. 76. Solve local problems, share solutions globally </li></ul>Needed Companies that: <ul><li>Understand opensource way
    77. 77. Relates with community
    78. 78. Can fulfil government terms of contract
    79. 79. Willing to put the right hacker to do the job
    80. 80. Willing to try getting work into upstream </li></ul>
    81. 81. Guadalinex example <ul><li>Tech Objectives: </li><ul><li>Care of spanish citizens needs
    82. 82. Improvements over Ubuntu
    83. 83. Release at Ubuntu +45d </li></ul><li>Target community </li><ul><li>Local citizenship
    84. 84. Ubuntu approach for upstreaming </li></ul></ul>
    85. 85. <ul><li>Consider: </li><ul><li>Listen your local users
    86. 86. Work at upstream community forges
    87. 87. Sync community roadmap with yours </li></ul><li>Benefits: </li><ul><li>Local citizenship will reveal what OSS lacks
    88. 88. Community will show what local work matters globally </li></ul></ul>Guadalinex example
    89. 89. Guadalinex example
    90. 90. Guadalinfo accesible example <ul><li>Tech Objectives: </li><ul><li>Bug fix/Enhancements/Doc on Orca & OCRFeeder
    91. 91. Requests designed with ONCE
    92. 92. Upstream required to assure maintenance </li></ul><li>About the target community: </li><ul><li>Gnome focused
    93. 93. Bugzilla and mailing list to collaborate
    94. 94. Manages their own roadmap </li></ul></ul>
    95. 95. Guadalinfo accesible example <ul><li>Consider: </li><ul><li>Gain credit first in order to be listened
    96. 96. Sync community roadmap with yours
    97. 97. Involve with community beyond your scope </li></ul><li>Benefits: </li><ul><li>Community helps on design, coding and peer review
    98. 98. If useful, your work will be maintained by community </li></ul></ul>
    99. 99. Conclusion <ul><li>Community means opportunity
    100. 100. Private companies could ride with it
    101. 101. A sustainable FLOSS industry appear
    102. 102. Society breaks with private soft. habit </li></ul>Will this new culture drive the change?

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