Putting together yourintroduction/literature reviewCooper Library Drop-In WorkshopPeggy Tyler
Your introduction is:• To tell the reader what problem you attempting to address or what are you trying to find out• To say why it is important that this issue or problem is investigated• To preview your hypothesis - what do you think is going on• To briefly highlight the benefits of your study
Your literature review is: A summary of relevant previous works.
Why? To establish your work as a link in the chain of research that is advancing knowledge in your discipline To show that you are basing your hypothesis on the previous work of experts in that subject To show that you know both the most significant and the most up-to-date literature relevant to your topic To establish that your research question is important To provide the reader with information from other sources that they will need to understand your study.
• Used in scholarly papers OR• in theses and dissertations
Driver fatigue Definitions/history of relevant research/ costs Eye tracking research primarily in vehicles Driver Warning Systems (DWS) DWS fatigue DWS using eye tracking DWS fatigue using eyeThe Literature Review trackingas a Funnel
But the key is deciding on your headings and sorting your articles into folders for each heading: BiologicalKudzu history Herbicide control control
Author vs. information Which is more important – the author or the information? • AUTHOR • Liberman, Sagristano, and Trope (2002) found that people predicted more accurately mixed emotions for near-future events, but used more basic (and inaccurate) forecasts of affect for far- future events. • INFORMATION • Another mistake that people make in predicting their future emotions is overestimating the intensity of their reactions to situation or event. This bias was best shown in a study where students were asked to predict how they would feel the moment they learned their final grade in their psychology class, on Christmas day, and other events in their lives (Buehler & McFarland, 2001).
Choosing VerbsYou are summarizing the work of others AND expressing your opinion.Smith and Jones ____Accounted for Focused on RejectedAcknowledged Held the view RemarkedArgued Insisted StressedAssumed Maintained SuggestedChallenged Noted SupportedClaimed Observed Took for grantedContended Pointed out UnderlinedDisputed ProposedDrew attention to Proved Shift-F7 is your friend!Emphasized RecognizedEstablished Recommended From: http://www.monash.edu.au/lls/llonline/writing/ general/lit-reviews/3.4.xmlFound Reiterated
ConclusionUsually the conclusion of your literature review is your“now-inevitable” thesis statement or hypothesis:• Based on this previous research, it is important to more closely examine the role of peers in the college selection process.• In general, studies have compared driving behavior of different drivers in terms of aggregate measures. In this dissertation, an attempt was made to compare driving behavior on a micro-scale (second-by-second) level.
Finding help Look at exemplars Undergraduate research journals Dissertations and theses Style manuals Useful e-books Getting it right : the essential elements of a dissertation McGraw-Hills concise guide to writing research papers Writing for science and engineering