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ECREA 2015 – Philosophy of Communication Section – 12-15 November 2014 – Lisbon, Portugal
Communication as a
Foundation of...
The Presentation Structure
1. Introduction. Theoretical Background.!
2. Concept of Open Science.!
3. Two major discourses ...
1. Introduction. Research Perspective
I would like to consider:!
1. What are the main perspectives in the debates on open
...
Theoretical Background
Ideational
conception of
culture
The Toronto
School
Cultural
History
Ward Goodenough
Walter Ong, !
...
2. Concept of Open Science
Science and communication are areas of
symbolic culture – thus, they can be
understood as a set...
Discourses on Open Science
These are the most important publications for my philosophical research:!
!
6
Sönke Bartling an...
Openness Discourse
The openness is identified as:!
•! A freedom to read scientific publications;!
•! A freedom to share know...
Technology Discourse
Open science is identified with using new technologies:
especially the Internet, open sources, social ...
3. Role of communication in the two major discourses
9
Communicative component
Openness Discourse

!
Openness of science i...
Third way
10
Openness Technology
Communication
Communication Discourse
We can see the domination of the transmission model of
communication in these two major discourses...
Collective Representations of Communication
Forms of scientific practices depend on collective representations
of communica...
6. Conlusions
๏ We can reduce discourses on open science to two types. Both of
them contain a “communicative component”. H...
Thank you!
Emanuel Kulczycki, Ph.D.!
emek@amu.edu.pl!
!
!
!
@ekulczycki
14
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Communication as a foundation of the Open Science

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ECREA 2015 – Philosophy of Communication Section – 12-15 November 2014 – Lisbon, Portugal

Organization: The European Communication Research and Education Association (ECREA)
Publication Date: 2014
Conference End Date: Nov 15, 2014
Conference Start Date: Nov 12, 2014

The issue of Open Science is widely discussed in the context of informatology and scientometrics. The authors focus primarily on the economic aspect of the changes resulting from the emergence of digital information. Whereas I suggest to consider the issue from the perspective of the philosophy of communication which focuses on the cultural view of communication practices.

The purpose of my presentation is to show how transformations of scholarly communication practices can be philosophically interpreted. I assume that the Open Science can be defined as a set of rules (standards, instructions) referring to the scientific and academic practices of three main areas: the Open Access, the Open Data, the Citizen Science. This is not “new science”, it is but a process of restoring science's inherent quality of openness in scholarly communication.

Each of these areas of Open Science operates thanks to scholarly communication, therefore I call it the foundation of Open Science. Thus I see scholarly communication as processes that do not only enable the functioning of science, but also allow its understanding. In this perspective, communication is for me what language is to Ernst Cassirer in relation to other symbolic forms (such as art, myth, religion or science), which can be understood thanks to it.

Scholarly communication is publishing and dissemination of results of research, scientific criticism, discussions in journals, articles, books, and on blogs. The development of communication technologies and the changes of perceptions of scientific practices (an idea of ​​how to do science, disseminate knowledge, and how to communicate between disciplines) transformed the scientific practices themselves. I am interested in the transformation that began with the spread of the Internet in the early 90's of the twentieth century and led to the creation of the idea of ​​”Open Science”.

Published in: Science
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Communication as a foundation of the Open Science

  1. 1. ECREA 2015 – Philosophy of Communication Section – 12-15 November 2014 – Lisbon, Portugal Communication as a Foundation of the Open Science Emanuel Kulczycki, Ph.D.! Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań unsplash.com – Creative Commons Zero 1
  2. 2. The Presentation Structure 1. Introduction. Theoretical Background.! 2. Concept of Open Science.! 3. Two major discourses on Open Science.! 4. Third way – role of communication in science.! 5. Conlusions. 2
  3. 3. 1. Introduction. Research Perspective I would like to consider:! 1. What are the main perspectives in the debates on open science?! 2. How can we use the concept of communication to describe open science?! 3. What new can such type of interpretation show us? 3
  4. 4. Theoretical Background Ideational conception of culture The Toronto School Cultural History Ward Goodenough Walter Ong, ! Eric Havelock,! David Olson Peter Burke, 
 Robert Darnton, 
 Elisabeth Eisenstein 4
  5. 5. 2. Concept of Open Science Science and communication are areas of symbolic culture – thus, they can be understood as a set of specific instructions and rules.! Open science is a term that is used to designate a form of science that utilizes principles of open access, open archiving and open publishing.! 5
  6. 6. Discourses on Open Science These are the most important publications for my philosophical research:! ! 6 Sönke Bartling and Sascha Friesike Michael A. Peters and Peter Roberts by Julian Cribb and Tjempaka Sari
  7. 7. Openness Discourse The openness is identified as:! •! A freedom to read scientific publications;! •! A freedom to share knowledge;! •! A freedom to reuse scientific results. 7 Open science is based on the idea of equality of rights and sharing knowledge. And all tools of open science serve to implement these values.
  8. 8. Technology Discourse Open science is identified with using new technologies: especially the Internet, open sources, social media and social networking websites. ! 8 Science 2.0
  9. 9. 3. Role of communication in the two major discourses 9 Communicative component Openness Discourse
 ! Openness of science is a prerequisite for scholarly communication Technology Discourse
 ! Using new technologies 
 makes possible to improve communication
  10. 10. Third way 10 Openness Technology Communication
  11. 11. Communication Discourse We can see the domination of the transmission model of communication in these two major discourses.! However, we can investigate open science in terms of communication practises and constructing the social reality of science. ! ! 11
  12. 12. Collective Representations of Communication Forms of scientific practices depend on collective representations of communication and science.  Such collective representations refer to ideas, beliefs and values:! • the purpose of the article should be indicated;! • the sources of quotations need to be specified;! • access to scientific publications should be open;! • good publication is used to present original results;! • scientific reasoning is good, when it is clear and understandable. 12
  13. 13. 6. Conlusions ๏ We can reduce discourses on open science to two types. Both of them contain a “communicative component”. However, communication is only a result of science – not a foundation of it.! ๏ We can investigate the concept of open science using the constitutive model of communication.! ๏ Collective representation play the main role in the rise of science. 13
  14. 14. Thank you! Emanuel Kulczycki, Ph.D.! emek@amu.edu.pl! ! ! ! @ekulczycki 14

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