ECREA 2015 – Philosophy of Communication Section – 12-15 November 2014 – Lisbon, Portugal
Organization: The European Communication Research and Education Association (ECREA)
Publication Date: 2014
Conference End Date: Nov 15, 2014
Conference Start Date: Nov 12, 2014
The issue of Open Science is widely discussed in the context of informatology and scientometrics. The authors focus primarily on the economic aspect of the changes resulting from the emergence of digital information. Whereas I suggest to consider the issue from the perspective of the philosophy of communication which focuses on the cultural view of communication practices.
The purpose of my presentation is to show how transformations of scholarly communication practices can be philosophically interpreted. I assume that the Open Science can be defined as a set of rules (standards, instructions) referring to the scientific and academic practices of three main areas: the Open Access, the Open Data, the Citizen Science. This is not “new science”, it is but a process of restoring science's inherent quality of openness in scholarly communication.
Each of these areas of Open Science operates thanks to scholarly communication, therefore I call it the foundation of Open Science. Thus I see scholarly communication as processes that do not only enable the functioning of science, but also allow its understanding. In this perspective, communication is for me what language is to Ernst Cassirer in relation to other symbolic forms (such as art, myth, religion or science), which can be understood thanks to it.
Scholarly communication is publishing and dissemination of results of research, scientific criticism, discussions in journals, articles, books, and on blogs. The development of communication technologies and the changes of perceptions of scientific practices (an idea of how to do science, disseminate knowledge, and how to communicate between disciplines) transformed the scientific practices themselves. I am interested in the transformation that began with the spread of the Internet in the early 90's of the twentieth century and led to the creation of the idea of ”Open Science”.