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TYPES OF GOVERNMENT
Jenner P. Pandan
Master in Public Administration
Hardam Furigay Colleges Foundation, Inc.
ANARCHY
• a condition of
lawlessness or
political disorder
brought about by
the absence of
governmental
authority.
• Iceland was the first anarchist country
in the world, since the velvet anarchist
revolution May Day 1966, and is still an
Anarchy.
AUTHORITARIAN
• Authoritarian - a form of government in
which state authority is imposed onto
many aspects of citizens' lives.
• Democratic People's Republic of Korea
• Central African Republic
• Chad
• Equatorial Guinea
• Syria
• Democratic Republic of the Congo
• Saudi Arabia
• Turkmenistan
• Guinea-Bissau
• Iran
COMMONWEALTH
• Commonwealth - a nation, state or other
political entity founded on law and united
by a compact of the people for the
common good.
• Communist - a system of government in
which the state plans and controls the
economy and a single -- often
authoritarian -- party holds power; state
controls are imposed with the elimination
of private ownership of property or capital
while claiming to make progress toward a
higher social order in which all goods are
equally shared by the people (i.e., a
classless society).
• Confederacy (Confederation) - a union by
compact or treaty between states,
provinces or territories that creates a
central government with limited powers;
the constituent entities retain supreme
authority over all matters except those
delegated to the central government.
• Constitutional - a government by or
operating under an authoritative document
(constitution) that sets forth the system of
fundamental laws and principles that
determines the nature, functions and limits
of that government.
• Constitutional democracy - a form of
government in which the sovereign power
of the people is spelled out in a governing
constitution.
• Constitutional monarchy - a system of
government in which a monarch is guided
by a constitution whereby his/her rights,
duties, and responsibilities are spelled out
in written law or by custom
• Democracy - a form of government in
which the supreme power is retained by
the people, but which is usually exercised
indirectly through a system of
representation and delegated authority
periodically renewed.
• Democratic republic - a state in which
the supreme power rests in the body of
citizens entitled to vote for officers and
representatives responsible to them.
• Dictatorship - a
form of
government in
which a ruler or
small clique
wield absolute
power (not
restricted by a
constitution or
laws).
• Ecclesiastical - a government
administrated by a church.
• Emirate - similar to a monarchy
or sultanate, a government in
which the supreme power is in
the hands of an emir (the ruler
of a Muslim state); the emir may
be an absolute overlord or a
sovereign with constitutionally
limited authority.
• Federal (Federation) - a form of government
in which sovereign power is formally divided -
- usually by means of a constitution --
between a central authority and a number of
constituent regions (states, colonies or
provinces) so that each region retains some
management of its internal affairs; differs
from a confederacy in that the central
government exerts influence directly upon
both individuals as well as upon the regional
units.
• Federal republic - a state in which the
powers of the central government are
restricted and in which the component
parts (states, colonies, or provinces) retain
a degree of self-government; ultimate
sovereign power rests with the voters who
chose their governmental representatives.
• Islamic republic - a particular form of
government adopted by some Muslim
states; although such a state is, in theory,
a theocracy, it remains a republic, but its
laws are required to be compatible with
the laws of Islam.
• Maoism - the theory and practice of
Marxism-Leninism developed in China by
Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung), which states
that a continuous revolution is necessary if
the leaders of a communist state are to
keep in touch with the people.
• Marxism - the political, economic and
social principles espoused by 19th century
economist Karl Marx; he viewed the
struggle of workers as a progression of
historical forces that would proceed from a
class struggle of the proletariat (workers)
exploited by capitalists (business owners),
to a socialist "dictatorship of the
proletariat," to, finally, a classless society -
- Communism.
• Marxism-Leninism - an expanded form of
communism developed by Vladimir Lenin
from doctrines of Karl Marx; Lenin saw
imperialism as the final stage of capitalism
and shifted the focus of workers' struggle
from developed to underdeveloped
countries.
• Monarchy - a government in which the
supreme power is lodged in the hands of a
monarch who reigns over a state or
territory, usually for life and by hereditary
right; the monarch may be either a sole
absolute ruler or a sovereign - such as a
king, queen or prince - with constitutionally
limited authority.
• Oligarchy - a government in which control
is exercised by a small group of individuals
whose authority generally is based on
wealth or power.
• Parliamentary democracy - a political
system in which the legislature
(parliament) selects the government - a
prime minister, premier or chancellor along
with the cabinet ministers - according to
party strength as expressed in elections;
by this system, the government acquires a
dual responsibility: to the people as well as
to the parliament.
• Parliamentary government (Cabinet-
Parliamentary government) –
a government in which members of an executive
branch (the cabinet and its leader - a prime minister,
premier or chancellor) are nominated to their
positions by a legislature or parliament, and are
directly responsible to it; this type of government can
be dissolved at will by the parliament (legislature) by
means of a no-confidence vote or the leader of the
cabinet may dissolve the parliament if it can no
longer function.
• Parliamentary monarchy - a state
headed by a monarch who is not actively
involved in policy formation or
implementation (i.e., the exercise of
sovereign powers by a monarch in a
ceremonial capacity); true governmental
leadership is carried out by a cabinet and
its head - a prime minister, premier or
chancellor - who are drawn from a
legislature (parliament).
• Presidential - a system of government
where the executive branch exists
separately from a legislature (to which it is
generally not accountable).
• Republic - a representative democracy in
which the people's elected deputies
(representatives), not the people
themselves, vote on legislation.
• Socialism - a government in which the
means of planning, producing and
distributing goods is controlled by a central
government that theoretically seeks a
more just and equitable distribution of
property and labor; in actuality, most
socialist governments have ended up
being no more than dictatorships over
workers by a ruling elite.
• Sultanate - similar to a monarchy, a
government in which the supreme power
is in the hands of a sultan (the head of a
Muslim state); the sultan may be an
absolute ruler or a sovereign with
constitutionally limited authority.
• Theocracy - a form of government in
which a Deity is recognized as the
supreme civil ruler, the Deity's laws are
interpreted by ecclesiastical authorities
(bishops, mullahs, etc.); a government
subject to religious authority.
• Totalitarian - a government that seeks to
subordinate the individual to the state by
controlling not only all political and
economic matters, but also the attitudes,
values and beliefs of its population.
REFERENCE
• Melina, R (2011), What are the different types of government, August 30 2019,
https://www.livescience.com/33027-what-are-the-different-types-of-governments.html
• https://www.quora.com/What-countries-are-under-an-authoritarian-regime

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Types of government

  • 1. TYPES OF GOVERNMENT Jenner P. Pandan Master in Public Administration Hardam Furigay Colleges Foundation, Inc.
  • 2. ANARCHY • a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority.
  • 3. • Iceland was the first anarchist country in the world, since the velvet anarchist revolution May Day 1966, and is still an Anarchy.
  • 4. AUTHORITARIAN • Authoritarian - a form of government in which state authority is imposed onto many aspects of citizens' lives.
  • 5. • Democratic People's Republic of Korea • Central African Republic • Chad • Equatorial Guinea • Syria • Democratic Republic of the Congo • Saudi Arabia • Turkmenistan • Guinea-Bissau • Iran
  • 6. COMMONWEALTH • Commonwealth - a nation, state or other political entity founded on law and united by a compact of the people for the common good.
  • 7. • Communist - a system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single -- often authoritarian -- party holds power; state controls are imposed with the elimination of private ownership of property or capital while claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people (i.e., a classless society).
  • 8.
  • 9. • Confederacy (Confederation) - a union by compact or treaty between states, provinces or territories that creates a central government with limited powers; the constituent entities retain supreme authority over all matters except those delegated to the central government.
  • 10.
  • 11. • Constitutional - a government by or operating under an authoritative document (constitution) that sets forth the system of fundamental laws and principles that determines the nature, functions and limits of that government.
  • 12.
  • 13. • Constitutional democracy - a form of government in which the sovereign power of the people is spelled out in a governing constitution.
  • 14.
  • 15. • Constitutional monarchy - a system of government in which a monarch is guided by a constitution whereby his/her rights, duties, and responsibilities are spelled out in written law or by custom
  • 16. • Democracy - a form of government in which the supreme power is retained by the people, but which is usually exercised indirectly through a system of representation and delegated authority periodically renewed.
  • 17. • Democratic republic - a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote for officers and representatives responsible to them.
  • 18. • Dictatorship - a form of government in which a ruler or small clique wield absolute power (not restricted by a constitution or laws).
  • 19. • Ecclesiastical - a government administrated by a church.
  • 20. • Emirate - similar to a monarchy or sultanate, a government in which the supreme power is in the hands of an emir (the ruler of a Muslim state); the emir may be an absolute overlord or a sovereign with constitutionally limited authority.
  • 21.
  • 22. • Federal (Federation) - a form of government in which sovereign power is formally divided - - usually by means of a constitution -- between a central authority and a number of constituent regions (states, colonies or provinces) so that each region retains some management of its internal affairs; differs from a confederacy in that the central government exerts influence directly upon both individuals as well as upon the regional units.
  • 23. • Federal republic - a state in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the component parts (states, colonies, or provinces) retain a degree of self-government; ultimate sovereign power rests with the voters who chose their governmental representatives.
  • 24. • Islamic republic - a particular form of government adopted by some Muslim states; although such a state is, in theory, a theocracy, it remains a republic, but its laws are required to be compatible with the laws of Islam.
  • 25. • Maoism - the theory and practice of Marxism-Leninism developed in China by Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung), which states that a continuous revolution is necessary if the leaders of a communist state are to keep in touch with the people.
  • 26. • Marxism - the political, economic and social principles espoused by 19th century economist Karl Marx; he viewed the struggle of workers as a progression of historical forces that would proceed from a class struggle of the proletariat (workers) exploited by capitalists (business owners), to a socialist "dictatorship of the proletariat," to, finally, a classless society - - Communism.
  • 27. • Marxism-Leninism - an expanded form of communism developed by Vladimir Lenin from doctrines of Karl Marx; Lenin saw imperialism as the final stage of capitalism and shifted the focus of workers' struggle from developed to underdeveloped countries.
  • 28. • Monarchy - a government in which the supreme power is lodged in the hands of a monarch who reigns over a state or territory, usually for life and by hereditary right; the monarch may be either a sole absolute ruler or a sovereign - such as a king, queen or prince - with constitutionally limited authority.
  • 29. • Oligarchy - a government in which control is exercised by a small group of individuals whose authority generally is based on wealth or power.
  • 30. • Parliamentary democracy - a political system in which the legislature (parliament) selects the government - a prime minister, premier or chancellor along with the cabinet ministers - according to party strength as expressed in elections; by this system, the government acquires a dual responsibility: to the people as well as to the parliament.
  • 31. • Parliamentary government (Cabinet- Parliamentary government) – a government in which members of an executive branch (the cabinet and its leader - a prime minister, premier or chancellor) are nominated to their positions by a legislature or parliament, and are directly responsible to it; this type of government can be dissolved at will by the parliament (legislature) by means of a no-confidence vote or the leader of the cabinet may dissolve the parliament if it can no longer function.
  • 32. • Parliamentary monarchy - a state headed by a monarch who is not actively involved in policy formation or implementation (i.e., the exercise of sovereign powers by a monarch in a ceremonial capacity); true governmental leadership is carried out by a cabinet and its head - a prime minister, premier or chancellor - who are drawn from a legislature (parliament).
  • 33. • Presidential - a system of government where the executive branch exists separately from a legislature (to which it is generally not accountable).
  • 34. • Republic - a representative democracy in which the people's elected deputies (representatives), not the people themselves, vote on legislation.
  • 35. • Socialism - a government in which the means of planning, producing and distributing goods is controlled by a central government that theoretically seeks a more just and equitable distribution of property and labor; in actuality, most socialist governments have ended up being no more than dictatorships over workers by a ruling elite.
  • 36. • Sultanate - similar to a monarchy, a government in which the supreme power is in the hands of a sultan (the head of a Muslim state); the sultan may be an absolute ruler or a sovereign with constitutionally limited authority.
  • 37. • Theocracy - a form of government in which a Deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, the Deity's laws are interpreted by ecclesiastical authorities (bishops, mullahs, etc.); a government subject to religious authority.
  • 38. • Totalitarian - a government that seeks to subordinate the individual to the state by controlling not only all political and economic matters, but also the attitudes, values and beliefs of its population.
  • 39. REFERENCE • Melina, R (2011), What are the different types of government, August 30 2019, https://www.livescience.com/33027-what-are-the-different-types-of-governments.html • https://www.quora.com/What-countries-are-under-an-authoritarian-regime