Critical minds


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Critical minds

  1. 1. Critical Minds: Using the Socratic Method
  2. 2. The 10 best Websites to learn and develop your critical thinking by using the Socratic Method.
  3. 3. http:// serc . carleton . edu / introgeo / socratic /index.html Why Use Socratic Questioning? Socratic questioning helps students to think critically by focusing explicitly on the process of thinking. During disciplined, carefully structured questioning, students must slow down and examine their own thinking processes (i.e., reflective thinking). Thoughtful, disciplined questioning in the classroom can achieve the following teaching and learning goals: Model scientific practices of inquiry Support active, student-centered learning Facilitate inquiry-based learning Help students to construct knowledge Help students to develop problem-solving skills Improve long-term retention of knowledge
  4. 4. http:// changingminds .org/techniques/questioning/ socratic _questions. htm Conceptual clarification questions Get them to think more about what exactly they are asking or thinking about. Prove the concepts behind their argument. Basic 'tell me more' questions that get them to go deeper. Why are you saying that? What exactly does this mean? How does this relate to what we have been talking about? What is the nature of ...? What do we already know about this? Can you give me an example? Are you saying ... or ... ? Can you rephrase that, please?
  5. 5. http://www. engin . umich . edu /~ cre / probsolv /strategy/ cthinking . htm Six types of Socratic Questions 1.Questions for clarification: How does this relate to our discussion? 2. Questions that probe assumptions: How can you verify or disapprove that assumption? 3. Questions that probe reasons and evidence: What would be an example? 4. Questions about Viewpoints and Perspectives: What would be an alternative? 5. Questions that probe implications and consequences: What are the consequences of that assumption? 6. Questions about the question: Why do you think I asked this question?
  6. 6. http:// crescentok .com/staff/ jaskew /mission/ socrates . htm The goal is for students to ask themselves what they need to know to answer a question, determine if they already know it, and FIND it if they don't.
  7. 7. http://www. str .org/site/News2?page= NewsArticle &id=5631 The method which Socrates employed in his philosophical analyses has five readily distinguishable characteristics: 1. The method is skeptical. 2. It is conversational. 3. It is conceptual or definitional 4. The Socratic method is empirical. 5. The method is deductive
  8. 8. http://www. wisegeek .com/what-is-the- socratic -method. htm The Socratic Method is one of the oldest and most powerful approaches to teaching and developing critical thinking skills. By removing pretenses of certainty, the method aims to provoke a deeper understanding of any subject matter. Basically, you must question everything; leave no possibility untouched.
  9. 9. http://www. wikihow .com/Argue-Using-the-Socratic-Method How to Argue Using the Socratic Method 1. Locate the statement that sums up their argument. 2. Examine the implications of the statement. 3. Change the initial statement to take the exception into account. 4. Challenge the new statement with another question
  10. 10. http://faculty. ccri . edu / paleclerc /intro/ soc _ euth _method. shtml Socratic dialectic: general, inclusive characterization of Socrates’ overall method as a form of critical reasoning proceeding by means of question and answer. As such, it incorporates the following components: 1. Socratic irony and ignorance 2. Critical cross-examination and logical refutation (elenchus) 3. Induction (epagōgē) and universal definition (eidos)
  11. 11. http://www. learningdoorway .com/ socratic -method.html Through an almost magical process born of asking questions and listening, the Socratic Method helps you discover your inborn ability to create, think and solve problems.
  12. 12. cgi / wiki ? TestFirstDesignIsLikeTheSocraticMethod Socratic Method (dialectic) Wonder - Pose a question ("What is X?") Hypothesis - Give a definition ("X is Y") Elenchus or cross-examination (if the elenchus is compelling, define a new hypothesis) Accept the Hypothesis as provisionally true if no plausible elenchus was given