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MULTI-LEARNING SPECIAL SESSION / EDUCON 2018 / EMADRID TEAM

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«On computational thinking as a universal skill»

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MULTI-LEARNING SPECIAL SESSION / EDUCON 2018 / EMADRID TEAM

  1. 1. 1/20 On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill Jes´us Moreno-Le´on, Gregorio Robles, Marcos Rom´an-Gonz´alez INTEF, Univ. Rey Juan Carlos, Univ. Nacional de Educaci´on a Distancia (Madrid, Spain) EDUCON 2018, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, April 19th 2018 Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  2. 2. 2/20 (cc) 2018 Jes´us Moreno-Le´on, Gregorio Robles, Marcos Rom´an Some rights reserved. This work licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. To view a copy of full license, see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ or write to Crea tive Commons, 559 Nathan Abbott Way, Stanford, California 94305, USA. Some of the figures have been taken from the Internet Source, and author and license if known, is specified. For those images, fair use applies. Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  3. 3. 3/20 Authors Jes´us Moreno-Le´on Gregorio Robles Marcos Rom´an-Gonz´alez INTEF URJC UNED Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  4. 4. 4/20 History of learning with computers Figure: You are here! Source: REaCT EU project proposal Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  5. 5. 5/20 Great Principles of Computing The Book Seven Principles 1 Information 2 Machines 3 Programming 4 Computation 5 Memory 6 Parallelism 7 Queuing 8 and Design Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  6. 6. 6/20 We still don’t know what Computational Thinking is... Figure: The term CT is ambiguous and vague... but it is not computing! Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  7. 7. 7/20 Is CT a new skill? (I) Figure: Computational thinking: only 27% of its variance can be explained by the four primary mental abilities (i.e., reasoning ability, visual ability, verbal ability, and numerical ability). Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  8. 8. 8/20 Is CT a new skill? (and II) Figure: Computational thinking: only 51% of its variance can be explained by the four primary mental abilities and non-cognitive personality factors. Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  9. 9. 9/20 How to develop CT? Unplugged activities Unplugged activities (no use of digital devices) Programming Several ways (arrow-based, block-based, textual, connected to physical world) Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  10. 10. 10/20 What should be the approach? Figure: Code to learn vs. learn to code Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  11. 11. 11/20 We argue for “Code to learn” Figure: Mitch Resnick (MIT Media Lab) Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  12. 12. 12/20 Code to learn: Maths Figure: Coraz´on de Mar´ıa school. Comparing the improvement between pre- and post-tests of control and experimental groups. Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  13. 13. 13/20 Code to learn: Social sciences Figure: La Jota school. Comparing the improvement between pre- and post-tests of control and experimental groups. Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  14. 14. 14/20 Code to learn: Arts Figure: La Inmaculada school. Comparing the improvement between pre- and post-tests of control and experimental groups. Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  15. 15. 15/20 Code to learn: Social learning Figure: (l) Relationship of level of sociability with improvement in depth for each time group. (r) Relationship of level of sociability on improvement in breadth for each time group. Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  16. 16. 16/20 Research in Progress: Art with 3-year old kids Figure: A five year old student coding a programmable robot to develop arts skills and learn about the painting Bathers at Asni`eres. Background picture: Pixabay - Public domain Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  17. 17. 17/20 The quest for assessment CT-test diagnostic-summative paper-and-pen test Dr. Scratch formative assessment tool Other methods exist, such as Bebras (which assesses skill transference) Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  18. 18. 18/20 Takeaways 1 Computational Thinking is a different skill 2 We argue that focus should not be on programming, but on (transversal) skills 3 We need more research on the impact of CT on other subjects, including tools that facilitate this task 4 Social skills are also to be taken into account 5 We need better assessment tools Background picture: flamingcow.co.uk Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  19. 19. 19/20 Learn more Some references 1 J. Moreno-Le´on, G. Robles, M. & Roman-Gonz´alez. “Dr. Scratch: Automatic Analysis of Scratch Projects to Assess and Foster Computational Thinking”. RED. Revista de Educaci´on a Distancia, 15(46). 2015 2 J. Moreno-Le´on, G. Robles, and M. Rom´an-Gonz´alez. “Examining the Relationship between Socialization and Improved Software Development Skills in the Scratch Code Learning Environment.” Journal of Universal Computer Science, 22(12), pp. 1533-1557. 2016 3 M. Rom´an-Gonz´alez, J.C. P´erez-Gonz´alez, J. Moreno-Le´on, G. & Robles. “Extending the nomological network of computational thinking with non-cognitive factors.” Computers in Human Behavior. 2018 Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill
  20. 20. 20/20 On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill Jes´us Moreno-Le´on, Gregorio Robles, Marcos Rom´an-Gonz´alez INTEF, Univ. Rey Juan Carlos, Univ. Nacional de Educaci´on a Distancia (Madrid, Spain) EDUCON 2018, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, April 19th 2018 Moreno-Le´on et al. // jmorenol@gmail.com On Computational Thinking as a Universal Skill

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