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2020_04_30 «Can e-book technology be enough to support e-learning?»

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2020_04_30 «Can e-book technology be enough to support e-learning?»

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«¿Puede la tecnología de libros electrónicos ser suficiente para apoyar el aprendizaje electrónico?» («Can e-book technology be enough to support e-learning?»). Martin Takev (Universidad de Plovdiv), Miguel Rodríguez-Artacho (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia UNED), Elena Somova (Universidad de Plovdiv), Manuel Castro Gil y Sergio Martín (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia UNED).

«¿Puede la tecnología de libros electrónicos ser suficiente para apoyar el aprendizaje electrónico?» («Can e-book technology be enough to support e-learning?»). Martin Takev (Universidad de Plovdiv), Miguel Rodríguez-Artacho (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia UNED), Elena Somova (Universidad de Plovdiv), Manuel Castro Gil y Sergio Martín (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia UNED).

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2020_04_30 «Can e-book technology be enough to support e-learning?»

  1. 1. Can e-book technology be enough to support e-learning?
  2. 2. Structure I. Introduction II. State of the Art III. Methodology IV. Results
  3. 3. Introduction ▪ Research on interactive e-books usage in e-learning ▪ Methodology and approach to create an interactive e- book ▪ Use xAPI to record actions on learning activities ▪ Track students’ behavior and measure their performance
  4. 4. E-books & Education ▪ Digital books definition ▪ Enhancing reading experience ▪ EPUB3 standard ▪ Interactions in e-book
  5. 5. Learning Activities ▪ Promote participation ▪ Lead to development of skills and knowledge ▪ Learning activities types ▪ Static and interactive learning activities
  6. 6. What is Experience XAPI? ▪ Specification for standardizing and collecting educational data ▪ Represents student’s behavior with xAPI statements ▪ Actor, verb, object ▪ Collects formal and informal data
  7. 7. Analyzing Data ▪ Educational data mining ▪ Explore unique data from educational context ▪ Discover mining patterns from educational systems ▪ Provoke students’ performance ▪ Overview of institute’s learning process
  8. 8. Methodology ▪ Review previous work in the field ▪ Software design for converting learning activities from an e-learning environment into a traceable interactive EPUB learning content ▪ Prototype development (plug-in type) ▪ Integration of the plug-in in a particular e-learning environment ▪ Testing the software with real learners
  9. 9. Approach 1. Export a Moodle course into EPUB e-book (a different e-book is created for every student) 2. Create an xAPI statement for every student’s learning experience, performed on the e-book 3. Send it to an Learning Record Store 4. Create reports from the gathered data for the teachers to analyze
  10. 10. Process of exporting a course to an e-book and gathering xAPI statements for reporting 10
  11. 11. Collecting Data ▪ Send xAPI Statements (I did this) for every learning experience on the e-book ▪ Use xAPI Profiles for interoperability ▪ Use Learning Record Store for saving the experiences
  12. 12. XAPI Profile table Name Kind URI assessment activity type http://adlnet.gov/expapi/act ivities/assessment cmi.Interaction activity type http://adlnet.gov/expapi/act ivities/cmi. interaction course activity type http://adlnet.gov/expapi/act ivities/course lesson activity type http://adlnet.gov/expapi/act ivities/lesson LMS activity type http://id.tincanapi.com/acti vitytype/lms page activity type http://activitystrea.ms/sche ma/1.0/page 12 Name Kind URI duration extension http://id.tincanapi.com/e xtension/duration answered verb http://adlnet.gov/expapi/ verbs/answered completed verb http://adlnet.gov/expapi/ verbs/completed experienced verb http://adlnet.gov/expapi/ verbs/experienced started verb http://activitystrea.ms/s chema/1.0/start viewed verb http://id.tincanapi.com/v erb/viewed
  13. 13. Reports for teachers ▪ Conducted experiment with real users on using e-books in education ▪ Converting xAPI statements to reports ▪ xAPIWrapper & xAPIDashboard 13
  14. 14. Report Types Course reports Quiz reports Assessment reports 14
  15. 15. Report Types Leaderboard reports Learner’s path reports Engagement reports 15
  16. 16. Effectiveness reports Report Types Time period reports 16
  17. 17. Connections between related reports 17
  18. 18. Conclusion ▪ E-books are rich enough to support interactions and provide feedback ▪ Ways to track student’s behavior ▪ Simple categorization of applicable reports ▪ Analyze student performance and provide guidance
  19. 19. 19 Thanks! Any questions? You can find me at: ▪ takevm@gmail.com

Editor's Notes

  • Hello! I’m Martin Takev and we are going to see: whether e-book technology is enough to support e-learning?
  • The presentation will be structured in the following way: introduction, state of art, methodology, results, conclusion. We are going to review the usage of interactive e-books in e-learning, the current state of the art, our methodology and approach to implement tracking in e-books and how to measure the results from a course, using EPUB learning materials.
  • Students’ performance can be measured just like any other statistics. There will always be students that outperform others on given tasks. Our main object is to figure out and record the steps that lead to a student’s success or failure. Analyzing as much of the actions can give us a precise view of what needs to be changed in a learning course for the increased learning and bigger accomplishments amongst students. We describe a model to track learning experiences from interactive e-books. For this purpose, a digital book coherent with the EPUB3 standard has been made by exporting an existing course in a learning management system – Moodle. It will replicate the interactive behavior of the LMS using the range of interactions, provided by e-books, and send data to a learning record store
  • Digital books have become a widely used tool in educational institutions. They are electronic forms of printed books, which include digital data and can be opened by electronic reading devices.
    Regardless of its simplicity – e-books can provide interactive elements for tests, feedback, conditional materials and as a result enhance the reading experience and motivate students more than printed lecture notes.
    EPUB3 is an abbreviation of electronic publication and points to the third revision of the standard. It is commonly used for digital books where scripts and reflowable content is intended.
    Content can be exported to e-book format, while keeping most of its sequencing and structure properties. Additionally, we can export interactions and prepare to add tracking by defining trigger points throughout these interactions. The trigger points enrich the e-book by sending the data obtained from students to a learning record store and ensure the afterwards overview and analysis of that statistical data. 
  • All actions performed by the students in an educational environment can be assumed as both formal and informal learning activities. (whether an assessment score is written for students, they view a presentation or do an experiment – all of this counts as an experience). Lack of activities may lead to passive students not engaged in the learning process. On the other hand, interactive activities, promoting participation lead to development of skills and knowledge.

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