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In this doctoral thesis, a classical, lumped-element model is used to study the cochlea and to simulate click-evoked and spontaneous OAEs. The original parameter values describing the microscopic structures of the cochlea are re-tuned to match several key features of the cochlear response in humans. The frequency domain model is also recast in a formulation known as state space; this permits the calculation of linear instabilities given random perturbations in the cochlea which are predicted to produce spontaneous OAEs. The averaged stability results of an ensemble of randomly perturbed models have been published in [(2008) ‘Statistics of instabilities in a state space model of the human cochlea,’ J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 124(2), 1068-1079]. These findings support one of the prevailing theories of SOAE generation.