Description of Giant Panda (animal)


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Description of Giant Panda (animal)

  1. 1. Giant Panda By : Charlie Leonardo Elysabeth Cherlly Sawbunga Irma Vivian Idris
  2. 2. General Classification The panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca, "black and white cat- foot"), also known as the giant panda to distinguish it from the unrelated red panda, is a bear native to central-western and south western China
  3. 3. Classification Behavior Predators Description Colour Physical Descirption Diet Genomics Habitat Breeding
  4. 4. Colour The giant panda has a black and white coat
  5. 5. Physical Descirption Adults measure around 1.2 to 1.8 m (4 to 6 ft) long, including a tail of about 13 cm (5.1 in), and 60 to 90 cm (2.0 to 3.0 ft) tall at the shoulder. Males can weigh up to 160 kg (350 lb).Females (generally 10–20% smaller than males) can weigh as little as 75 kg (170 lb), but can also weigh up to 125 kg (280 lb). Average adult weight is 100 to 115 kg (220 to 250 lb).
  6. 6. Behavior Giant pandas are generally solitary, and each adult has a defined territory, and a female is not tolerant of other females in her range The giant panda is a terrestrial animal and primarily spends its life roaming and feeding in the bamboo forests of the Qinling Mountains and in the hilly Sichuan Province Pandas communicate through vocalization and scent marking such as clawing trees or spraying urine. Though the panda is often assumed to be docile, it has been known to attack humans, presumably out of irritation rather than aggression
  7. 7. Diet The giant panda's diet is primarily herbivorous, consisting almost exclusively of bamboo The average giant panda eats as much as 9 to 14 kg (20 to 30 lb) of bamboo shoots a day
  8. 8. Genomics The giant panda genome was sequenced in 2009 using a next-generation sequencing technology. Its genome contains 20  pairs of autosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes.
  9. 9. Classification Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Carnivora Family Ursidae Genus Ailuropoda Species A. melanoleuca Bional Name Ailuropoda melanoleuca
  10. 10. Habitat The giant panda lives in a few mountain ranges in central China, mainly in Sichuan province, but also in the Shaanxi and Gansu provinces
  11. 11. Breeding Giant pandas reach sexual maturity between the ages of four and eight, and may be reproductive until age 20. The mating season is between March and May, when a female goes into estrus, which lasts for two or three days and only occurs once a year. When mating, the female is in a crouching, head-down position as the male mounts her from behind. Copulation time is short, ranging from 30 seconds to five minutes, but the male may mount her repeatedly to ensure successful fertilization. The gestation period ranges from 95 to 160 days
  12. 12. Predators The giant pandas predators are Wild Dogs ,Jaguars, Humans and Leopards.
  13. 13. Vocabulary Colour = Warna Distinguish = membedakan Unrelated = tidak terkait Measure = ukuran Maturity = kedewasaan Mating = menikah Copulation = perhubungan/pergabungan Fertilization = fertilisasi Sequenced = rangkaian/ urutan Gestation = waktu kehamilan Primary = pemilihan Reach = mencapai